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NEED OF

CONSERVATION OF
HISTORICAL SITES IN
INDIA
SUBMITTED TO
Mrs. MONICA

PREPARED BY
SAMARTH SINGH
CLASS -10 D
ROLL NO - 32

INTRODUCTION
India has a rich heritage which includes a repository of
archaeological treasures and incredible monuments.
This cultural history epitomized in heritage monuments
stems from a historic past of ancient civilization.
The Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri in Agra, the
Konark Sun Temple, Khajuraho Temples, Mahabalipuram
Monuments, Thanjavur, Hempi Monuments as well as
the Ajanta, Ellora and Elephanta Caves are some of the
monuments declared as World Heritage Monuments.

ARCHEOLOGICAL SURVEY OF
INDIA
TheArchaeological Survey of India(ASI)is an
Indiangovernment agency in the Ministry of
Culture
that
is
responsible
for
archaeologicalstudies and the preservation of
cultural monuments.
According to its website, the ASI's function is to
explore, excavate, conserve, preserve and protect
the monuments and sites of National &
International Importance.

LORD JAGANNATH TEMPLE


Lord Jagannath temple at Puri, Orissa was
constructed on the first quarter of the 12th
century by King Anantavarman Chodaganga
Deva.
The temple is famous for its annual rath yatra .
The temple is sacred to the vaishnava traditions
and saint Ramananda who was closely associated
with the temple.

HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE
The central forms ofJagannath,Balabhadraand the
goddess Subhadraconstitute the trinity of deities
sitting on the bejewelled platform or theRatnavediin
the inner sanctum.
The
SudarshanChakra,deities
ofMadanmohan,SrideviandVishwadhatriare
also
placed on the Ratnavedi.The deities of Jagannath,
Balabhadra, Subhadra and Sudarshan Chakra are made
from sacredNeemlogs known as Daru Bramha.
Depending on the season the deities are adorned in
different garbs and jewels. Worship of the deities predate thetemplestructure and may have originated in
an ancient tribal shrine.

THREATINING FACTORS
The maximum damage in the temple is caused by the
rusting of clamps.
Apart from this the stone expanded due to seepage,
generating pressure and causing chunks to fall.
The outer faces which covered with lime plaster had
failed to control saline induced deterioration and
leakage besides putting extra pressure on the fabric
of the temple and hiding the beautiful carvings.
It was found that the condition of the inner walls and
corbels required attention.
Similarly, on the southern side of the temple major
structural weakness were detected in the form of
multiple cracks, missing architectural pieces etc.

CONSERVATORY
METHODS
Replacements of missing corbels as per the
original.
Replacements of rusted wrought iron cramps by
stainless steel cramps .
Sealing of the stone joints by a joint sealant
comprising stone dust, cement , polymer and
non-shrink additives.
Grouting the inner core with polymer modified,
flexible, non-shrink, cement grouts.
Providing a stainless steel anchors, grouted with
low viscous epoxy resins.

Improvement to the existing ventilation system


by drilling appropriate diameter holes through the
ceiling of the floor .
Desalination of the external fascia stones by
paper pulp technique.
Providing a stainless steel space frame, as a
secondary defense to support the ground floor
corbelled roof.
Lateral confinement of the entrance corner walls
of each floor by stainless steel flats.

PLEDGE
Let us today pledge that today onwards we
will not damage or harm any monument or
building and also stop others to do it.

THANK YOU