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Socio-economic Issue Related to

Health

Population

What is Population
A POPULATION is
a summation of all organisms of the same
group or species, which live in a particular
geographical area. (en.wikipedia.org)
an aggregate of individuals that share a
characteristic or set of characteristics. A
population is commonly defined by
geography, such as all the humans
onEarth, all the people inSwedenor all
the people inTexas.
(people.howstuffworks.com/population.html)

The Issue: Population


Growth
Population Growth is
the increase in the number of
people that reside within a state
or country.(http://thelawdictionary.org/)
is the increase in the
number of individuals in
apopulation.(en.wikipedia.org)

Population Growth Rate


The population growth rate is the rate at
which the number of individuals in a population
increases in a given time period as a fraction of
the initial population. Specifically, population
growth rate refers to the change in population
over a unit time period, often expressed as
apercentageof the number of individuals in the
population at the beginning of that period. This
can be written as the formula:

Population Growth Rate


A positive growth ratio (or rate)
indicates that the population is increasing,
while a negative growth ratio indicates
the population is decreasing.
A growth ratio of zero indicates that
there were the same number of people at
the two timesa growth rate may be zero
even when there are significant changes
in thebirth rates,death rates,immigration
rates, and age distribution between the
two times.

Causes of Rapid Population


Growth
Decline in the Death Rate
Better Medical Facilities
More Hands to Overcome Poverty
Technological Advancement in
Fertility Treatment
Immigration
Lack of Family Planning

Decline in the Death


Rate
At the root of overpopulation is the difference between the
overall birth rate and death rate in populations. If the
number of children born each year equals the number of
adults that die, then the population will stabilize.

Better Medical
Facilities.
Science was able to produce
better means of producing food,
which allowed families to feed
more mouths. Medical science
made many discoveries thanks to
which they were able to defeat a
whole range of diseases.
Illnesses that had claimed
thousands of lives till now were
cured because of the invention of
vaccines. Combining the increase
in food supply with fewer means
of mortality tipped the balance
and became the starting point of
overpopulation.

More Hands to Overcome


Poverty
For thousands of years, a very small part of
the population had enough money to live in
comfort. The rest faced poverty and would
give birth to large families to make up for the
high infant mortality rate. Families that have
been through poverty, natural disasters or are
simply in need of more hands to work are a
major factor for overpopulation. As
compared to earlier times, most of these
extra children survive and consume resources
that are not sufficient in nature.

Technological Advancement in Fertility


Treatment
With latest technological
advancement and more
discoveries in medical
science, it has become
possible for couple who are
unable to conceive to
undergo fertility treatment
methods and have their own
babies. Today there are
effective medicines which can
increase the chance of
conception and lead to rise in
birth rate.

Immigration
Many people prefer to move to
developed countries where best facilities
are available in terms of medical,
education, security and employment.
The end result is that those people
settle over there and those places
become overcrowded. Difference
between the number of people who are
leaving the country and the number of
people who enter narrows down which
leads to more demand for food, clothes,
energy and homes. This gives rise to
shortage of resources. Though the
overall population remains the same, it
just affects the density of population
making that place simply overcrowded.

Lack of Family
Planning
Most developing nations have large number of people who are illiterate, live
below the poverty line and have little or no knowledge about family planning.
Getting their children married at an early age increases the chances of
producing more kids. Those people are unable to understand the harmful effects
of overpopulation
and lack of ignorance
prompts them to avoid
family planning
measures.

Positive Effects of Population


Growth

More progress
Larger Workforce
Economic Growth

More progress
In populations that support free speech
and a free society, the more people that
there are, the more ideas that they can
produce. These new people and new ideas
help the world progress within technology,
science, and beliefs.

Larger Workforce
More people
means more work
could be done. The
larger population
also open ups the
opportunities for
new work and work
roles to make an
appearance.

Economic Growth
A growing population can generate
economic growth. The birth of more
people equates to a greater number of
parents investing in their youth. Increased
purchases in products such as food,
clothing, education-related expenses,
sporting goods and toys feed the
economy. The larger homes that parents
with children purchase feed the
construction and home improvement
industries economically. Children then
grow into adults who work for pay and
spend it in the economy.

Negative Effects of Population


Growth
Depletion of Natural Resources
Degradation of Environment
Rise in Unemployment
High Cost of Living

Depletion of Natural
Resources
The Earth can only produce a
limited amount of water and food,
which is falling short of the current
needs. Most of the environmental
damage being seen in the last fifty
odd years is because of the
growing number of people on the
planet. They are cutting down
forests, hunting wildlife in a
reckless manner, causing pollution
and creating a host of problems.
Those engaged in talking about
overpopulation have noticed that
acts of violence and aggression
outside of a war zone have
increased tremendously while
competing for resources.

Degradation of
Environment
With the overuse of coal, oil
and natural gas, it has started
producing some serious effects
on our environment. Rise in the
number of vehicles and
industries have badly affected
the quality of air. Rise in
amount of CO2 emissions leads
to global warming. Melting of
polar ice caps, changing
climate patterns, rise in sea
level are few of the
consequences that we might
have to face due to
environment pollution.

Rise in Unemployment
When a country becomes overpopulated, it
gives rise to unemployment as there fewer jobs to
support large number
of people. Rise in
unemployment gives
rise to crime as people
will steal various items
to feed their family
and provide them
basic amenities of life.

High Cost of Living


As difference between
demand and supply
continues to expand due to
overpopulation, it raises
the prices of various
commodities including
food, shelter and
healthcare. This means
that people have to pay
more to survive and feed
their families.

Population of the
World
Current World
Population

7,299,584,215

Births this year

25,043,152

Deaths this year

10,333,105

Net population growth


this year

14,710,047

Figure 1. Global Human Population as ofMarch7,2015at5:57:33PM


by www.worldmeters.info

Population Growth of the


World

Figure 2. Total fertility Rates of the World From 1970 to 2013

Figure 3. Top 20 Most Populated Countries in the World in 2014

Population of Asia

Figure 4. Population of Asia

Population Growth in
Asia

SEA: Southeast Asia


ENEA: East & Northeast Asia
SSWA: South &Southwest Asia
NCA: North and Central Asia
Figure 5. Population Growth Rate of Asia from 1990 to 2010

Country

Population

China

1.357 billion

India

1.257 billion

Indonesia

248.4 million

Pakistan

183.9 million

Bangladesh

154.5 million

Japan

127.3 million

Philippines

98 million

Vietnam

89.7 million

Iran

76.7 million

Turkey

76 million

Figure 6. Top 20 Most Populated Countries in Asia in 2014

Population of the
Philippines
Current population

102 665 687

Current male
population(50.1%)

51 485 107

Current female
population(49.9%)

51 180 583

Figure 7. Population of the Philippines as of March 7, 2015


by countrymeters.info

Population Growth in the Philippines

Figure 8. Population Growth Rate of the Philippines from 1970 to 2010.

Figure 9. Projected Population of the Philippines by Region from 2000 to


2020.

END

Prepared by:
Denn Andrew Fortuno
Joshua Kris Sunga
Karlo Tendencia
Junamay Delos Santos
Jerlyn Anne Masculino
BMLS 2D
March 2015