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Classification and keys

Classification
Starter
What is the difference between living and non-living things?
Write down 3 examples of each.
Living things all do the seven life processes
Non-living things do not do all of the life processes.

Starter: Place the following organisms


into groups of your choosing.

Classification
What does classification mean? Why is it
important?

Individual, pair and share

First, answer this question on


your own and then discuss it
with your partner, and then with
your class!

The Classification System


All living things are classified into five main groups called
kingdoms.
living things

plants

animals

fungus

protist

monera/bacteria

Most living things belong to the animal kingdom or the plant


kingdom.

The classification system


Kingdom
Phylum
Class
Order
Family
Genus
Species

Hierarchical classification system


Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Chordata (vertebrates)
Class : Mammals
Order: Primates
Family : Hominidae
Genus : Homo
Species:
Homo sapiens

What is a species?
A group of
organisms that look
the same

A group of
organisms that look
different but can
breed

A group of
organisms that can
breed

A group of similar
organisms that are
capable of
interbreeding to
produce fertile
offspring

What is a species?

A huge variety of organisms live on our planet.


Scientists have put living things into groups to make them
easier to identify. This is called classification.
Organisms can be classified into
different species.
A species is a group of similar
organisms that are capable of
interbreeding to produce fertile
offspring.

So far, scientists have identified around 290,000 species of


plants, 1,250,000 species of animals and 5 million species of
bacteria living on our planet.

Classifying Animals
In the front of your book make a list of as many different animals as
you can think of......you only have 1 minute!
Now, circle the vertebrates and underline the invertebrates.
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Vertebrate

Invertebrate

Vertebrates animals with a backbone.


Invertebrates animals without a backbone.

Animal Kingdom

Vertebrates
Mammals
Fish
Reptiles

Invertebrates
Cnidarians
Flatworms
True worms
Molluscs

Amphibians

Echinoderms

Birds

Arthropods

Classifying Vertebrates
Mammals

Fish

Reptiles

Birds

Amphibians

7D Classification - Vertebrates

Classifying Vertebrates

Vertebrates are classified into 5 groups.


Complete the table of features for each type of vertebrate.
mammals

birds

reptiles

amphibians

body covering

hairy or
furry skin

feathers

tough skin
with scales

how it
breathes

lungs

lungs

lungs

lungs

where it lives

mostly on
land

on land

mostly on
land

on land and
in water

how offspring
are produced

most young
born alive

lay eggs

lay eggs

lay eggs
(in water)

soft, moist skin


(no scales)

fish

scales

gills
in water
lay eggs

What differences can you see between


these plants?

Plant classification

Plant Classification
In pairs collect a worksheet each.
Use the information on the next 2 slides to fill in the blanks on
your worksheet on classifying plants.
You have 3 minutes
To answer Q 1 4.

You have 5 minutes


To answer Q 5 - 15

Plant Classification
Plants are living organisms that cannot move around.
Most plants make their own food through photosynthesis.
Vascular Tissues are similar to animals
blood vessels. In plants they are called
xylem and phloem, they transport
nutrients and water to cells in the plant.
Seeds contain a baby plant
(embryonic plant) the outer
covering provides safety and
nutrients to the seedling.
Spores are a small single celled reproductive structure normally
spread by non-flowering plants like fungi.

Plant classification
Mosses: They have simple leaves and shallow roots, with no proper
vascular systems. The leaves are very small and are not covered
with a waterproof, waxy cuticle layer. Mosses, Angiosperm and Lichen
are often found in damp areas as they dry out easily. They reproduce
using spores.
Ferns: They have proper roots and stems, and leaf-like fronds. The
leaves are not covered in a waterproof, waxy cuticle layer and so they
dry out easily and are generally found in damp places. They do have a
vascular system. They reproduce using spores.
Conifers: They have vascular tissues. They are large plants with
proper roots and stems and needle-shaped leaves with a waxy cuticle.
They are good at surviving in dry or cold climates. They reproduce
using seeds found in cones.
Flowering Plants: They have vascular tissues. They have proper
roots and stems and have flowers. Their leaves are large and flat and
have a waxy cuticle. They reproduce using seeds found in fruits.

Plant Classification
Answers to Q 5 15:
5. Spores, vascular
tissue
6. Angiosperm, Mosses
Lichen
7. Spores, vascular
tissue
8. Ferns
9. Seeds, vascular
tissues
10. Cones
11. Conifers
12. Flowers
13. Flowering Plants.

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