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Benign & Malignant

Tumours of Oral Cavity

Definitions
Neoplasia
Difference between Hyperplasia & Tumour
Tumour is an abnormal mass of tissue, the
growth of which exceeds and is uncoordinated
with that of normal tissues and persists in the
same excessive manner after cessation of
stimuli which evoked the change. - Willis

Hamartoma : An abnormal proliferation


of tissues, native to that part. It is a focal
malformation which resembles a
neoplasm, grossly & Microscopically

Teratoma: A neoplasm composed of


tissues not normally found in the organ, in
which it arises. Derivatives of all three
germ layers are seen.

Choriostoma: A mass formed by


maldevelopment of tissue, of a type not
native to that site.

Heteroplasia: Development of cytologic


and histologic elements not native to the
part.
Metaplasia: Change in tissue type after its
full differentiation normally

Classification of Non Odontogenic Tumours


Epithelial
Benign
Papilloma
Squamous Acanthoma
Keratoacanthoma
Pigmented Cell Nevus

Premalignant
Leukoplakia
Leukoedema
Intraepithelial Carcinoma
or Carcinoma in situ
Erythroplakia
Oral Sub Mucous
Fibrosis

Malignant
Basal Cell Carcinoma
Epidermoid carcinoma
or Squamous cell
carcinoma
Verrucous Carcinoma
Spindle Cell Carcinoma
Adenoid Squamous cell
Carcinoma
Lmphoepithelioma and
Transitional cell
carcinoma
Malignant Melanoma

Classification of Non Odontogenic Tumours..


Connective Tissue
Benign
Fibroma
Giant Cell Fibroma
Peripheral Ossifying
Fibroma
Central Ossifying
Fibroma
Peripheral Giant cell
Granuloma
Central GCG
Aneursmal Bone Cyst
Myxoma

Malignant
Fibrosarcoma

Adipose tissue
Benign
Lipoma
Verruciform Xanthoma

Malignant
Liposarcoma

Classification of Non Odontogenic Tumours


Vascular Tissue
Benign
Hemangioma
Hereditary Haemorrhagic
Talengiectasia
Encephalo-trigeminal
Angiomatosis
Nasopharyngeal
Angiofibroma
Lmphangioma

Malignant
Haemangioendothelioma
Haemangiopericytoma
Kaposis Sarcoma

Cartilage tissue
Benign
Chondroma
Benign Chondroblastoma
Chondromyxoid Fibroma

Malignant
Chondrosarcoma

Classification of Non Odontogenic Tumours


Bone tissue
Benign
Osteoma
Osteoid Osteoma
Benign Osteoblastoma

Malignant
Osteosarcoma

Muscle tissue
Benign
Leiomyoma
Angiomyoma
Rhabdomyoma

Malignant
Leiomosarcoma
Rhabdomyosarcoma

Lymphoid Tissue
Malignant
Malignant Lymphoma
Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma
Reticular Cell Sarcoma
Burkitts Lymphoma
Hodgkins Disease
Leukaemias
Ewings Sarcoma
Plasma Cell Tumours
Multiple Myeloma
Plasmacytoma

Classification of Non Odontogenic Tumours


Nerve Tissue
Benign
Neurofibroma
Neurolemmoma

Malignant
Malignant Schannoma

Tumour Like Lesions


Peripheral Giant Cell
Granuloma
CGCG
Exostoses
Pyogenic Granuloma
Anurysmal Bone Cyst
Traumatic Neuroma

Tumours of Disputed
Origin
Granular Cell
Myoblastoma
Congenital Epulis
Alveolar Soft Part
Sarcoma
Melanotic
Neuroectodermal
tumour of infancy
Kaposis Sarcoma
Ewings Sarcoma