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Firetrol Controllers

Fire Pump Seminar


South Africa

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Industrial Control Products


4

Firetrol

Firetrol

Design Requirements
UL, FM, and NFPA

Who Lists Equipment?

10

NFPA Controllers and Mark II

12

Basic Types of Pump Controllers:

Controller per NFPA-20


Life Safety Equipment

Motor Starter
Controls for Industrial
Equipment

13

Electric Controllers

14

Primary Design

Controller per NFPA20


System operation
is primary
Protection of
connected motor is
secondary

Motor starter
Protection of
connected motor is
primary
System operation
is secondary

This is the single most important statement in the presentation.


All design philosophy is based on this fact!

15

Specific Component or Design


Differences Include:

Circuit Breakers: See NFPA20 10.4.3 thru 10.4.4

Service Entrance Ratings See NFPA20 10.1.2.4

Short Circuit Current Ratings: See NFPA 20


9.2.2.4(e)

Motor Contactors: See NFPA 20 10.4.5

Starting Circuits: See NFPA20 10.5

Pressure Sensing Devices: See NFPA20


10.5.2.1.1.1

16

Circuit Breaker Type

Controller per NFPA-20


Magnetic Device Only
NO Thermal Elements are
Permitted
Instantaneous Reset

17

Fire Pump Circuit Breaker

Fire pump controller circuit


breaker
Magnetic only
Special trip curve per NFPA
20, 10.4.4.1

Trip characteristics
carry 300% MFLC indefinitely
trip at locked rotor in 8-20
seconds (600% Motor FLC)
Short circuit trip
instantaneously

18

Isolating switch and circuit


breaker assembly
Note single handle
operator

Circuit Breaker Trip Curve

19

Component - Design Differences Include:

Circuit Breakers: See NFPA20 10.4.3 thru 10.4.4

Service Entrance Ratings

Short Circuit Current Ratings: See NFPA 20


9.2.2.4(e)

Motor Contactors: See NFPA 20 10.4.5

Starting Circuits: See NFPA20 20 10.5

Pressure Sensing Devices: See NFPA20


10.5.2.1.1.1
20

Service Entrance Rating

Controller per NFPA-20


Equipped with Grounding Lug
Bonded to the Enclosure
For Added Safety Controller
Equipped with Isolating Switch
Interlocked with Enclosure Door
Utility Can DIRECTLY Connect to
Controller

21

Typical Installation
Power Utility
Transformer
Station

Power
Meter

MDB or Main Distribution Board


to include Main Switch and branch breakers

This is the typical installation method for electrical


equipment in almost every country in the world.
This type of installation will limit the ability of the
fire suppression system to work in adverse
conditions and increase liability to the insurer.
It is important to design the electrical system from a fire
protection viewpoint, rather than exclusively electrical safety.
Remember the circuit breaker, the service entrance
rating and the Short Circuit Current Rating?

22

UL/FM
Approved
Fire
Pump
Controller

Preferred Installation
Power Utility
Transformer
Station

Power
Power
Meter

Meter

MDB or Main Distribution Board


to include Main Switch and branch breakers

This is the preferred method as specified in the NFPA-20 Document.


UL/FM
Approved
Fire
Pump
Controller

23

This method ensures that the controllers line voltage protective


devices are allowed to function as specified, to allow Operation over
Protection.
There are no devices ahead of the fire pump controllers disconnect
that can fail, trip or otherwise interrupt power to the fire pump
controller.

Component - Design Differences Include:

Circuit Breakers: See NFPA20 10.4.3 thru 10.4.4

Service Entrance Ratings

Short Circuit Current Ratings: See NFPA 20


9.2.2.4(e)

Motor Contactors: See NFPA 20 10.4.5

Starting Circuits: See NFPA20 10.5

Pressure Sensing Devices: See NFPA20


10.5.2.1.1.1
24

Short Circuit Current Rating

Controller per NFPA-20


Controller Tested as a Unit to
Prove Safe in a Severe Fault
Condition
The Controller is Subjected to a
High Amperage Bolted Fault
Condition

25

What is a Short Circuit Current Rating?

After the Fault Clears the Controllers:


Door Remains Closed
Cables Remain Secure in Terminals
Power Circuit Integrity
Disconnect Switch Operates

26

Component - Design Differences Include:

Circuit Breakers: See NFPA20 10.4.3 thru 10.4.4

Service Entrance Ratings

Short Circuit Current Ratings: See NFPA 20 9.2.2.4


(e)

Motor Contactors: See NFPA 20 10.4.5

Starting Circuits: See NFPA20 10.5

Pressure Sensing Devices: See NFPA20 10.5.2.1.1

27

Motor Contactor

Controller per NFPA-20


No Thermal Overload Relay
Contactor Coil at LINE Voltage
NO Control Circuit Fuse
NO Voltage, Frequency or Other
Sensor to Prevent Operation of
Contactor

28

Contactor Assembly

Wye-Delta Starting
Configuration:

Note:
No overload relays
line voltage coil

Emergency Run
Mechanism

29

Wye Delta Open


Transition Type

Specific Component or Design Differences Include:

Circuit Breakers: See NFPA20 10.4.3 thru 10.4.4

Service Entrance Ratings

Short Circuit Current Ratings: See NFPA 20


9.3.2.2.4

Motor Contactors: See NFPA 20 10.4.5

Starting Circuits: See NFPA20 10.5

Pressure Sensing Devices: See NFPA20


10.5.2.1.1.1
30

Demand Starting Circuits

Controller per NFPA-20


Provision for Drop Out Type Device, e.g.
Deluge Valve
Provision for Remote Start from Sensors for
Flow, Smoke , Flame or Other Detectors
Provision for Auto Start from Internal Device
Provision for manual emergency run device

Typically, pressure sensor


start on low system pressure

31

Specific Component or Design Differences Include:

Circuit Breakers: See NFPA20 10.4.3 thru 10.4.4

Service Entrance Ratings

Short Circuit Current Ratings: See NFPA 20 9.3.2.2.4

Motor Contactors: See NFPA 20 10.4.5

Starting Circuits: See NFPA20 10.5

Pressure Sensing Devices: See NFPA20 10.5.2.1.1.1


32

Pressure Sensing Device

Controller per NFPA-20


Must Have Independent High
and Low Settings
Be Able to Visually Determine
Start setting and Stop setting

33

Electric Driven Fire Pump Controllers

Starting Methods
34

Choosing Starting Method

What impact does the motor starting method have on the


electrical system?
The starting method provides control of the current inrush
(Amperage) during motor starting.
The current inrush (amperage) created by the motor reaches its
peak during motor starting. This high amperage load causes
incoming voltage to drop.

Amperage Load Example - Full Voltage Starting


100HP Fire Pump Motor operating at 380 volts
Full Load Amperage = 165 Amps
Across the Line Starting Amps = 6 x 165 = 990 Amps
36

Choosing Starting Method

The high motor starting amperage load will effect


many electrical system components..
Utility
Transformer
Size

Emergency
Generator
Size

Cable Size

37

Starting Methods

Full Voltage (Across the Line)

Part Winding Start

Wye-Delta Open Transition

Wye-Delta Closed Transition

Primary Resistor

Auto Transformer

Soft Starting

Variable Speed Pressure Limiting


38

Electric Fire Pump Controllers


Starting Method

% Motor Full
Load Starting
Amps

%
Torque

Advantages

Disadvantages

Cost
Index

Full Voltage

600

100

Low Cost
High Starting Torque
Uses Standard Motors

High Starting Current

100

Part Winding

390

42

Low Cost

Special Motors

120

Wye-Delta Open

200

33

Low Starting Current


Medium Starting Torque

Power Line Transients


Special Motors

130

Wye-Delta Closed

200

33

Low Starting Current


Medium Starting Torque
No Line Transients

More Expensive

185

Primary Resistor

300

25

Standard Motors
Low Starting Torque

High Starting Current


Resistive Heating

150

Auto Transformer

150 50% Tap


252 65% Tap
384 80% Tap

25
42
64

Highest Starting Torque


Low Starting Current
Uses Standard Motors

Expensive

200

240-340

15

Soft Start & Soft Stop


Reduced Water Hammer
Redundant Power Circuit
Standard Motors

Expensive

180

125

100

Pressure Limiting
Soft Start & Stop
Reduced Water Hammer
Standard Motors
Redundant Power Circuit

Most Expensive
Large Footprint

600

Solid State Soft Start

VFD

39

Fire Pump Motor Starting Methods Reducing Current


Inrush
100HP @ 380 Volts FLA = 165 Amps
Full Voltage Start = 6 x 165 = 990 Amps

Wye-Delta Start = 2 x 165 = 330 Amps


40

What about Emergency Power?

56

Transfer Switches
Transfer Switch
Fire Pump Controller

Typical NFPA-20 Arrangement 1


Listed Combination Fire Pump
Controller and Power Transfer
Switch (7-8.2.1)

57

Typical ATS Arrangement

59

Preferred

The arrangement/channel
we have protected for
years
Approved
Good engineering basis
But.

61

Preferred Arrangement: FPC with ATS


Fire pump

ATS section

controller
section

62

Diesel Controllers

64

Components

AC and DC circuit breakers

Master USB Port

Mark II

Plug and Play Board

Dual Battery Chargers

Pressure transducer
No Mercury

65

Mark II Diesel

66

Remember the Primary Design

Controller per NFPA20


System operation
is primary
Protection of
connected motor is
secondary

Motor starter
Protection of
connected motor is
primary
System operation
is secondary

This is the single most important statement in the presentation. All design
philosophy is based on this fact.

67

Specific Component or Design Differences Include

Engine Protection Circuits

Starting Circuits
Same as electric fire pump controllers

Pressure Sensing Devices


Same as electric fire pump controllers

68

Engine Protection Circuits

Diesel Controller per NFPA-20


Allows the Engine to Continue
Operation:
When a Low Oil Pressure Condition
Exists
When a High Cooling Water Temperature
Condition Exists

Controller shuts down the engine in Test


mode for all of the above.

69

Pressure Limiting Diesels

PLD Engines
Reduces pump speed to limit pump discharge and
prevent over-pressure

70

Mark II Controller and PLDs

NFPA 20 - 12.4.1.4 requires the controller


provide a visible and audible alarm for System
Overpressure 2010 edition.

Alarms are provided as standard with Firetrol


Mark II.

Option (-CPL) must be added for a remote


System Overpressure alarm. There is a small
adder for this feature.

71

Electronic Engines

NFPA 20, 2010 Section 12.4.1.4 requires the controller


have visible and audible indicators for the ECM (electronic
control module) switch being in the alternate position and
a fuel injection malfunction .

Typical engine shown with ECM

72

Mark II Controller and Electronic Engines

Terminals 301 and 302 must be added to all controller


brands to interconnect with electronic engines for
required alarms.

The electronic engine terminals are standard in all


Firetrol diesel controllers.

Firetrol standard diesel controller works with all


current NFPA 20 engine manufacturer designs.

73

Digital Jockey (FTA550)

FTA 550F jockey controller

74

Jockey Controller
FTA550 Jockey XG

Mark II based jockey panel

Digital display

Front mounted HOA Switch

LED indicators for


Power On
Pump Running
Alarm

75

NEMA 2/12 Polycarbonate


enclosure (non-metallic)

Jockey Controller
FTA550 Jockey XG

>>USER INTERFACE
ON OUTSIDE OF PANEL!!!!!
No need to open door of live
panel to make pressure
adjustments or setup panel!
No Tools needed! All easy menu
setup.

76

Jockey XG Features

0-300 psi pressure


transducer

Control Circuit
Transformer
(24VAC control
circuit)

Overload
Protection

Service Entrance
Rated
77

Jockey XG features cont....

Minimum Run timer

Pressure recording

On-Delay timer

Data Log

Pump restart timer

Event Log (3000 events)

Indication for:

2 user selectable status


messages*

Overpressure

Start/Stop Pressures
Cycles/Period

Low Pressure
Failed to Start

Cycles Per Hour


Total Cycle Count

Switch Not in Auto

Pump Total Run Time


78

Key Feature.....Pump Restart Timer

Restart Timer This feature


reduces the effect of water
hammer resulting in erratic
cycling and contactor
chatter!

79

Jockey XG Models
FTA550F

FTA550E

Polycarbonate Enclosure ONLY


NEMA 2/12 Std / Optional NEMA 3R, 4, 4X

Painted Steel NEMA 2 Enclosure Standard


Optional NEMA 3R, 4, or 4X Stainless

81

Jockey Pump Controllers

UL Industrial Grade Only


There is NO UL or FM Fire Protection
Listing for a Jockey Pump or Controller
Listed under UL508A standard for industrial control
devices

82

Increase reliability with Jockey


Talk

Patent Pending

Jockey Talk serial


communications link

Mark II XG So Advanced Its Simple

85

The Mark II Platform

The Mark II concept was born of a need for:


Simplified operation
Enhanced safety for operating and inspection
personnel
Accountability and responsibility on the part of
owners, property managers and operators to be sure
the system is ready and reliable

86

Mark II Platform

Basis for all fire pump controller products


Electric
Electric with ASCO transfer switches

Diesel engine driven fire pump controllers

High (Medium) voltage electric motor driven units

Limited Service fire pump controllers

Jockey Pump Controllers (FTA550)

Common look, feel and usage across the product line


87

Platform

Reduced training time

Diagnostics and Event Log

Communications
Modbus and others

Clear text messages or LEDs


instead of pilot lights

Customized alarm messages

88

Enclosures NEMA vs. IP

89

Key Components
Mark II XG Interface

USB Drive

Pressure transducer with


bulkhead fitting

90

Host USB

USB
Unlimited memory
Newer Technology
USB connection

Host USB (MASTER USB)


Allows for uploading as well
as downloading
Update software without use
of PC and cable

91

NFPA Requirements

Electric controller

NFPA 10.3.4.4
Means shall be
provided on the
exterior of the
controller to read all
line currents and line
voltages within 5%

92

NFPA also requires:

10.5.2.1.6: Requires a listed pressure recording


device to sense and record pressure.
The Mark II Fire Pump Controller takes this
well beyond the stated requirement. The
Mark II offers:
pressure recording
event recording
data logging of all events in the system
93

Mark II Data Logging

All of these data


points represent
critical operational
information about the
system

Essential Data Points in the fire


pump controller system
Elapsed run time
Total Motor Starts
Total Power On time
Last motor start currents
Total call to start
Last start date and time
Min/Max currents
Last phase fail date and time
Last locked rotor trip date

94

Communications

96

97

98

MotorScope

Motorscope will plot the starting curve of the


motor

Current vs. Time

Voltage vs. Time

Allows verification of power supply

Code requires reliable power supply to ensure proper operation


of the electric motor

Voltage maintained within range: +10%/-15% of nominal

MotorScope

Code and Product Changes

102

103

Diesel Highlights

New pressure transducer TD-1107-002 and cable

New plumbing configuration requiring changes to the


enclosure:

2-way drain valve replaces 3-way drain valve in all controllers

Splash guard required

New Data Plate extending ambient operating temperature range


to 50C

New Instruction Plate for:

IEC62091 compliance

EMC class B emissions requirements

New Mark II relay board incorporating Coil Continuity

Mark II XG gasket improved

No price increase for diesels


105

Electric Highlights

New pressure transducer TD-1107-002and cable(s)

All electrics will have a test drain solenoid valve including

Test Pushbutton on flange

New plumbing configuration requiring changes to the enclosure:

2-way drain valve replaces 3-way drain valve in all controllers

Splash guard required

ABB Tmax T4 and T5 replaces Isomax S4 and S5 circuit breakers and isolating
switches.

Audible alarm becomes standard on every electric.

Mark II XG gasket improved

New Data Plate extending ambient operating temperature range to 50C

New Instruction Plate for:

IEC62091 compliance

EMC class B emissions requirements

Additional circuit breaker on alternate side

Group 5 replaces Group 1 for all ATS

106

Mark II XG Navigation

108

Controller User Interface


Status LEDs

Status Display

Navigation Keys

111

Home Screen Status Display - Electric


Control Status Water Pressure
Frequency & Phase Rotation
AC Volts, per phase
AC Amps, per phase
Additional Status Lines

Note: No matter where you are in the menu system,


pressing the Escape key will ultimately navigate back to
Home.
112

Home Screen Status Display - Diesel


Control Status Water Pressure
Battery 1 DC volts, DC Amps,
AC Volts
Battery
2 DC volts, DC Amps,
AC Volts
Additional Status Lines

Note: No matter where you are in the menu system,


pressing the Escape key will ultimately navigate back to
Home.
113

Navigation Keys
Up: Increment
value.
Escape: Navigate
backwards or
cancel editing.
Left / Right:
Navigation control.
Down: Decrement
value.

114

Enter: Accept or
Save the edited
value.

Alarm Silence:
Stop the Audible
output signal.

Passwords and Privileges

The ability to edit settings and view certain screens is


governed by passwords.

Four passwords levels (Level 1 through 4) are


available, each with different privileges
Higher number = more privilege
Higher number inherits all privileges of lower numbers

Level 1 default password = 2 1 1 2


This password may be changed by the User
Same applies to Level 2

Levels 3 and 4 passwords may not be changed


115

Screen Conventions

Enter Symbol implies that the


parameter may be edited or that a
sub-menu can be reached

Check Symbol implies yes or that


a function is enabled.

X Symbol implies no or that a


function is not enabled.

116

Main Menu Screen

From Home, press Enter

Five (6) choices from here


Settings
Event Log
Data History
USB
Factory
About

117

Mark II XG Navigation Menu

118

Contact Information

Visit our website at www.firetrol.com


Contact Us:

Jamey.McMahan@Emerson.com

+1 919 460 5246 (W) +1 919 638 1848 (M)

Thank you for your interest in our products!

139

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

140

Pump Room Procedures

141

Pump Room Procedures

Safety Concerns
Danger is Inherent in Installation
Arc Flash & Shock
Risk Mitigation

Controller Pre-Startup Inspection

Controller Set-up
Hands On Demonstration

142

Pump Room Procedures

Special nature of fire pump installations impose


requirements on control panels that are unique

Since these devices are life safety equipment


they must be very reliable

In general, electrical distribution systems


emphasis is on the protection of conductors and
or devices
With fire pump controllers the emphasis is on
operation even to the point of sacrificing the
equipment
143

Pump Room Procedures - Safety

Controller Design Review


Set to Allow Operation, Not to Protect Motor.
Service Entrance Rated / Directly Connected to Utility
High Currents are Allowed Before Breaker Trips
UL/FM Panels are Designed to Handle High Short Circuit Ratings

144

Pump Room Procedures - Safety


NFPA70E ARC FLASH REQUIREMENTS

Typical Fire Pump Control Installation is Hazard/Risk Category


2 which requires Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Safety shoes with a rating of EH (open circuits less than 600 volts
in dry conditions).
Gloves with an EH rating of 00. (1000V with protector & bag)
Hardhat (type E) and visor or arc shield, depending upon voltage.
No synthetic clothing is to be worn during the test, only cotton
clothes (if there is an arc flash the heat of the flash will melt
synthetic clothes to your body)
Arc shielding protective outer clothing (coveralls or flame retardant
coat 50 long)

145

Pump Room Procedures - Safety

Protect Yourself
Wear Personal
Protective Gear
(PPE) Whenever You
Open a Energized
Fire Pump
Controller!
146

Pump Room Procedures - Safety


What is a Short Circuit Current (WITHSTAND) Rating?

The Controller is Subjected to a High Amperage Bolted Fault


Condition

After the Fault Clears the Controllers:


Door Remains Closed
Cables Remain Secure in Terminals
Power Circuit Integrity
Disconnect Switch Operates

147

Pump Room Procedures - Safety

How does Firetrol Accomplish Withstand Ratings and


Provide Superior Operator Safety?

Firetrol Full Length


Welded Door Hinge

148

Pump Room Procedures - Safety

How does Firetrol Accomplish Withstand Ratings


and Provide Superior Operator Safety?
Firetrol Three Point Door
Latch with Operators Quick
Access Door Handle

149

Pump Room Procedures - Safety

How does Firetrol Accomplish Withstand Ratings


and Provide Superior Operator Safety?

Firetrol Disconnect &


Circuit Breaker Assembly
w/ Bus Bar

150

Pump Room Procedures - Safety


NFPA Code Drives Change

Better and Safer Fire


Protection is the result.

The next several slides


illustrate the tremendous
and positive changes that
have occurred due to
NFPA requirements.
151

Pump Room Procedures - Safety

Older Design
Controllers
Required the Startup or Service
Technician Take
AMP/Voltage
Readings Inside the
Panel.

152

Pump Room Procedures - Safety


Metering Screen

Simple, Safe and Accurate


3 phase amps and volts are
displayed
Digital
True RMS
Accurate

153

Simultaneous Display of 3 phase


volts and amps

Pump Room Procedures - Safety


Pressure Actuated Switches

Old Design Utilized Mercury and


Adjustment Knobs That Required
You to Have Enclosure Door
Open.
TODAY:

You Set Pressure Digitally with the


Operator Interface on the Outside
of the Enclosure Door

154

Pump Room Procedures - Safety

Older Style
Pressure
Switches
Required the
Technician to
work inside live
panels.

155

Pump Room Procedures - Inspection

Physical Damage, both internal and external, to the controller during


shipment, storage, or installation.

Pump room too congested.

Controller out of sight line with pump.

Auxiliary loads such as jockey pump, lighting and heating circuits cannot be
connected anywhere inside of the controllers enclosure.

Unsafe Location for Controller


Controller mounted on a flammable surface.
Controller located such that breaking or leaking pipes could damage the
controller.
Controller mounted at the low end of the pump room, when the drain is at the high
end.

156

Pump Room Procedures - Inspection


Field Modified Controllers

Field Modifications Made by Job Site Personnel May Not Meet The
Requirements of UL and/or FM.
Unauthorized Modifications May Void Manufacturers Warranty.
Only Factory Authorized Personnel Should Make Modifications to
the Controllers.

157

Pump Room Procedures - Inspection


Voltage Incompatibility

Job Site Voltage is Different Than That Specified on the Customer


Order.
Usually discovered very late at the job site, well after the
controller has shipped.
Installing personnel may attempt to change controller voltage
by reconfiguring the control circuit transformer.

NFPA 20 requires the contactor coil voltage to be the same as line


voltage. Damage to the controller will result if incorrect voltage is
applied to the controller.

158

Pump Room Procedures - Inspection


Protective Service Devices

Electrical feeder circuit protective devices (circuit breakers or fused


disconnects) are required by NFPA20 to be sized at 6 times full
load amps (locked rotor amps) plus the full load amps of all
connected devices.

These devices are required to be monitored.

NFPA 20 and NEC 70 do not require these devices, some local


AHJs do.

159

Pump Room Procedures - Inspection


Field Wiring

Wire Size Too Large


Wire Size that is too large to fit into the controllers LINE terminals.
Usually caused by the electrical designer or installing personnel
selecting wire size based on 6 times full load amperage rating of service
protective devices.
Lug (terminal) sized based on 125% of full load amps (FLA).

Wire Size Too Small


Some installations with long distance between service transformer and
controller will require wire larger than 125% to accommodate line loss.
Code allows for a junction box electrically upstream of the controller
where wire size reduction can be accomplished.
Reductions inside the controller constitute a junction.

160

Pump Room Procedures - Inspection


Field Wiring

Field electrical connections at the controller LINE and LOAD


terminals are found mechanically loose or inadequately torqued,
posing a potential safety hazard.

Mechanically loose terminations in motor conduit box.

Service wiring not in approved conduit or of sufficient fire rating.


Conduit must be rigid, liquid tight flexible or type MI cable with 1
hour fire rating.
Pump room and electrical switching room exempt from fire
rating.

161

Pump Room Procedures - Inspection


Electric Motor Wiring

Motor Winding Connections Incorrectly Field Connected for Correct Line


Service Voltage

Motor Winding Connections Incorrectly Field Connected for Type of


Starting Full Voltage or Reduced Voltage Type

Insufficient Wiring Run Between a Reduced Voltage Controller and Motor


(For Example: Wye Delta Requires Six Motor Leads)
Frequently, electrical plans show three phases which installing
personnel interpret as three wires.
Similarly, some electrical plans are one line diagrams and do not
detail the wiring between motor and controller.

Inadequate insulation materials on field wiring at lead terminations in


motor conduit box. Presents the chance for phase to phase or phase to
ground short circuit.
162

Pump Room Procedures - Inspection


Diesel Engine Controllers

Verify Correct Voltage 120VAC or 220VAC has been supplied to controller.

Verify 12VDC or 24VDC System

Verify Electrician Has Wired Between Fire Pump Controller Terminal Strip
and Engine Control Box.

Electronic Engines Now Require Terminals 301, 302 be Interconnected to


Monitor ECM Failure

163

Pump Room Procedures - Inspection


Verify Remote Alarm Contacts Are Monitored

Electric controllers
Pump run
Power or Phase failure
Phase reversal

Transfer switches
Transfer switch in emergency position
Transfer switch isolation switch open

Diesel Controllers
Engine Running
Main Switch Mis-Set
Common Engine Trouble
164

Pump Room Procedures - Inspection


Sensing Lines

Each Control Panel including a Jockey Pump Control Must Have Their Own
Dedicated Sensing Line.

Incorrect Size or Material:


Sensing Line is to be Minimum
Acceptable Materials: Solid Copper, Brass or Stainless Steel
Unacceptable Materials Include Black or Galvanized Pipe, Soft Copper, Plastic

Missing Reverse Installed Check Valves or Orifice unions.


Two are Required, a Minimum of 5 feet Apart with 3/32 inch Holes.

Missing or Improperly Installed Gauge and Test Drain Provisions.

Shutoff Valves Installed in Series with the Pressure Switch/Transducer.

165

Pump Room Procedures Controller Set-up

Basic Settings
Date / Time
Pressure Start & Stop/Reset
Type of Shutdown (Automatic or Manual)
Minimum Run Timer (if used)

166