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Sentence Types :

Simple & Compound


Sentences
By : Sofea & Doreen

Simple sentences are independent clauses.


They contain a subject and a predicate.
Rule 1 :
Simple sentences can be very short, consisting of only one
word (a noun) for the subject and one word (a verb) for the
predicate.
The noun is called the simple subject and the verb is the
simple predicate.

John laughed.

Simple sentences are independent clauses.


They contain a subject and a predicate.
Rule 2:
Simple sentences can be long, although they still consist of one
subject (a noun and modifiers) and one predicate (a verb and
other elements). The noun is called a simple subject, and the verb
is the simple predicate.
The tall, good-looking boy with the curly blond hair laughed
uproariously at his best friends suggestion.

Exercise : identify the subject and predicate in these


simple sentences.
1. Three beautiful kittens looked up at me from inside a box of old
clothes.
Predicate : looked
Subject : kittens

2. At the stroke of midnight, the carriage turned into a large orange


pumpkin.
Subject : carriage
Predicate : turned

3. The three girls carried back packs filled with books, foods, make-ups
Predicate :
and other
assorted
items.
Subject : girls
carried

Simple sentences are independent clauses.

Grading
They
contain a subject and a predicate.
Rule 3 :
Simple sentences can be declarative or interrogative.

You can shop at the mall on the weekend. (declarative)

Can you shop at the mall on the weekend? (interrogative)

Exercise : identify the subject and predicate in these


simple sentences.
1. Who can tell me the answer to the question about the Civil War?
Subject : who

Predicate : can tell

2. Did Mary have time to call her brother this morning?


Subject : Mary

Predicate : did have

3. Where in the world did your sister put her purse and car keys?
Subject : sister

Predicate : did
put

Simple sentences are independent clauses.

Q&A

They contain a subject and a predicate.


Rule 4 :
Simple sentences can have a verb in any tense (past, present & future).

My friend shops at the mall on the weekend. (present)


My friend shopped at the mall last weekend. (past)
My friend will shop at the mall next weekend. (future)

Exercise : identify the subject and predicate (verb) in


these simple sentences.
1. Three years ago, my baby sister was born on the first day of
January.
Subject : sister
Predicate : was born

2. Most of the times my classmates were wearing heavy clothes in the


winter month.
Predicate : were wearing
Subject : classmates

3. The shiny yellow toy was easily caught by the eager puppy.
Subject : toy
Predicate : was caught

Simple sentences are independent clauses.

Summary

They contain a subject and a predicate.


Rule 5 :
Simple sentences can have a compound subject.

Simon and Sally recorded an album that year. (compound subject)


Americas well-known novelist, journalist and editors attended a
conference in New York last week. (compound subject)

Exercise : identify the compound subject and predicate


in these simple sentences.
1. You and I know the names of these flowers.
Subject : you and
I

Predicate : know

2. Frisky squirrels, jewel-like hummingbirds and little wild bunnies


were hiding in the garden.
Subject : frisky squirrels, jewellike hummingbirds, little wild
Predicate : were hiding
bunnies
3. Every six weeks or so, her cousins and grade school classmates
came over to her house for a little tea party
Subject : cousins, grade
Predicate : came
school classmates

Simple sentences are independent clauses.


They contain a subject and a predicate.
Rule 6 :
Simple sentences can also have compound predicates.

Lily sang, danced and played the violin with passion.

Exercise : identify the subject and predicate in these


simple sentences.
1. The telephone on the desk rang and rang then suddenly stop
ringing.
Subject :
Predicate : rang, rang and
telephone
stop

2. Whos coming to the party and bringing the ice-cream?


Subject : who

Predicate : coming, bringing

3. The man in the brown raincoat slipped quietly and around the
corner and hid in a dark doorway.
Subject : man
Predicate : slipped and hid

Simple sentences are independent clauses.


They contain a subject and a predicate.
Rule 7 :
Simple sentences can also have both compound subject and
compound predicate.

The mashed avocado, minced garlic, vinegar, mayonnaise and


olive oil should be blended thoroughly and whipped briefly for a
light consistency.

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