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Security Level: Internal

Huawei RTN microwave DCN Solutions

Transmission Network Marketing


Support Department

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

www.huawei.com

Brief Introduction to DCN Solutions

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 3

Have You Ever Encountered the Following


Problems When You Communicate DCN
Information with Customers?
How does the NMS manage the equipment and how does one
perform end-to-end DCN planning?

How does one design a DCN when the radio equipment


interconnects with a third-party network?

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 4

End-to-End DCN Planning


OSS

External DCN
NMS primary

Client

EMS primary

Client

DCN TCP/IP

Client

DCN TCP/IP

NMS secondary

DCN TCP/IP
EMS secondary

Mature technologies, NMS


department being the owner
The major work is to plan IP routes.
OSS/NMS engineers design the
external DCN.

Client

DCN TCP/IP, OSI

GNE

GNE

GNE

GNE

Internal DCN

RTN department being the


owner of the internal DCN
Two scenarios:

HWECC, TCP/IP, OSI,


extended ECC
NE

HWECC, TCP/IP, OSI,


extended ECC
NE

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NE

A network comprises only Huawei


radio equipment.
NE

Huawei Confidential

A network comprises Huawei radio


equipment and third-party
equipment.

Page 5

DCN Planning When Huawei Radio Equipment


Forms a Network Independently
Gateway NE

60 NEs

NMS
Gateway NE

Extended
ECC

Network cable

60 NEs

The inband DCN (using IP protocol) is recommended for the OptiX RTN 900 V100R001, and the HWECC protocol is
recommended for other versions.
When DCCs are unavailable, connect NEs through NM cascading ports to achieve transmission of network
management information on extended ECCs.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 6

DCN Planning When Huawei Radio Equipment


Forms a Network with Third-Party Equipment
Analyze
the network.

Learn about the type of the third-party equipment


and the type of Huawei radio equipment.

FE channels

E1 channels

NM information is directly
transmitted through FE services.

Use the FE-to-E1


protocol converter.

The traversed network can


provide pass-through channels.

RS-232 /G.703
19.2/9.6 kbit/s channels

Use the FE-to-RS232/G703


protocol converter.

Other channels

Use shared DCN channels or


submit an OR workflow to apply for
the development of a new protocol converter.

No solution is available.
Communicate with the
customer for provision of channels.

No channel

Whether do both Huawei


radio equipment and
third-party equipment
support the same
DCN protocol?

Y
Share DCN channels
to achieve network management.

Give priority to protocol converter solutions of Huawei over DCN protocols (IP protocol or OSI protocol).
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Huawei Confidential

Page 7

Detailed Description of DCN Solutions

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Huawei Confidential

Page 8

Contents

DCN Concepts and DCN Specifications


Multi-Scenario DCN Solutions
DCN Cases
FAQs

What Is DCN?
External DCN

NMS

Router

DCN

LAN switch

Gateway
NE

DCN stands for data communication network.


A DCN provides communication channels for
managing NEs in a centralized manner to
achieve remote management and maintenance
of NEs.
A DCN between the NMS and NEs
is called an external DCN.
Generally, the NMS is connected to NEs
through an external DCN that comprises
LAN switches, routers, and other data
communication devices.
A DCN between NEs is called an
internal DCN.
Internal DCNs are classified into inband
DCNs and outband DCNs.

RTN

Non-gateway NE

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Internal DCN

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Page 10

Physical Transmission Channels and


Transmission Protocols of an Internal DCN
Physical transmission channels: inband DCN and outband DCN
Service channels
Outband
DCN

Overheads
Payload

Inband
DCN

Outband DCN
Transmission of NM information does not occupy service
bandwidth because DCC bytes in overheads serve as physical
channels of a DCN.
Inband DCN
Transmission of NM information occupies service channels
(Ethernet service channels generally). For example, a VLAN of
data services is used to transmit NM information.
Service channel: NM interface,TDM service,FE/GE and so on.

ECC protocols: HWECC protocol, IP protocol, and OSI protocol


HWECC protocol (private protocol)
Transport layer
Network layer
Media access layer
Physical layer

IP protocol (standard protocol)

HWECC L4

Application layer

SNMP

HWECC NET

UDP

HWECC MAC

Transport layer
Network layer
Link layer

DCC/LAN

Physical layer

The HWECC solution applies to a


network that comprises only Huawei
equipment or scenarios wherein
Huawei equipment need not
communicate OAM information with
other-vendor equipment.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.,

OSI protocol (standard protocol)

FTP, TL1, TL1 over Telnet


Qx, MML, Web LCT
TCP
IP/ICMP/ARP
Ethernet
LAN

Application layer

QX/MML/SWDL

Transport layer

TP4 ISO 8073


IS-IS ISO 10589
ES-IS ISO 9542
CLNP ISO 8473
Ethernet

Network layer
PPP
DCC

Link layer
Physical layer

LAN

LAPD Q.921
DCC

The IP solution achieves support of the TCP/IP protocol on


DCCs (physical layer)/LAN and applies to scenarios wherein
Huawei equipment needs to communicate OAM information
with other-vendor equipment.

The OSI solution achieves support of the OSI protocol on


DCCs (physical layer) /LAN and applies to scenarios wherein
Huawei equipment needs to communicate OAM information
with other-vendor equipment.

Note: Application layer protocols are private protocols and


cannot achieve communication of OAM information between
equipment of different vendors, whereas other-layer protocols
are standard protocols and can achieve communication of
OAM information between equipment
different vendors.
HuaweiofConfidential
LTD.

Note: Application layer protocols are private protocols and


cannot achieve communication of OAM information between
equipment of different vendors, whereas other-layer protocols
are standard protocols and can achieve communication of
OAM information
between
Page
11 equipment of different vendors.

DCN Solutions Provided for Huawei Radio


DCN Solution
Protocol Stack
Category
HWECC

Physical Channel

DCC/ETH
(network port)
OSI over DCC

Extended ECC

Ethernet

No service channels are available between two OptiX NEs but the two OptiX NEs can
interconnect with each other through NM ports.

HWECC

NA

DCC transparent
transmission through the
external clock interface

Not involved

The OptiX transmission equipment forms a network with thirdparty equipment. On the network, DCCs are shared but DCC
bandwidths are limited. In addition, the number of permitted
NEs is also limited.

This solution is applicable to a network that comprises


only Huawei equipment. By default, a maximum of three
NEs can be managed.
A very small part of service bandwidth is occupied. This
solution is applicable to a network that comprises only
Huawei equipment.

Service channels
IP protocol

DCC
transparent transmission

This solution is applicable to a network that comprises only


Huawei equipment.

This solution is preferred when a network comprises the OptiX transmission equipment and the The OptiX transmission equipment forms a network with thirdthird-party equipment that supports the OSI over DCC function.
party equipment. On the network, DCCs are shared but DCC
bandwidths are limited. In addition, the number of permitted
NEs is also limited.

HWECC

Inband DCN

Remarks

This solution is applicable to a network wherein equipment supports the HWECC protocol and
DCCs are interconnected. This solution is preferred when a network comprises only Huawei
equipment.
This solution is preferred when a network comprises the OptiX transmission equipment and the
third-party equipment that supports the IP over DCC function.

IP over DCC
Outband
DCN

Applicable Scenario

This solution is applicable to a network that comprises the OptiX RTN 900 equipment and A very small part of service bandwidth is occupied, but
other equipment.
networking is flexible.
DCCs

External Clock
Interface

Protocol converter solution Not involved Auxiliary services or


service channels

This solution is applicable to a network that comprises the OptiX transmission network In actual situations, SDH radio is seldom used. In addition,
and the third-party SDH equipment that does not support the IP over DCC function or OSI the equipment must support the configuration of D byte.
over DCC function.
Therefore, this solution is seldom adopted.
This solution is applicable to a network that does not support transparent transmission
of DCC bytes carrying NM messages.

huawei MW assing through third-party equipment and


transmited by E1

Huawei radio equipment transmits NM information to a third-party NM port by using a


Due to the characteristics of radio services, Huawei radio
protocol converter according to the type of the third-party NM port. Thus, NM information equipment is widely used with third-party equipment to
is transparently transmitted.
form networks. Protocol converters, however, need to be
provided (quoted and configured in advance).

The preceding solutions are provided based on the combination of a DCN protocol (IP protocol, OSI protocol, and HWECC protocol) and transmission channels (DCCs, service
channels and in_band DCC).
In the case of a network comprising only Huawei equipment, the HWECC solution is preferred. In the case of a network comprising Huawei equipment and third-party equipment,
the protocol converter solution is preferred and prepare quotations for protocol converters in advance.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 12

DCN Solutions Supported by Each Major


Version of Huawei Radio
DCN Solution
Physical Channel RTN 605 R003 RTN 605 R005
Protocol Stack
Category
HWECC
Y
Y

RTN 620 R003

RTN 620 R005

RTN 900 R001

RTN 900 R002

IP over DCC
DCC/ETH
(network port)
Outband
DCN

Not involved Auxiliary


services or
Y
service channels

OSI over DCC

DCC
transparent
DCCs
transmission
Extended ECC

HWECC

Ethernet

HWECC
Inband DCN
DCC transparent
transmission through
the external clock
interface
Protocol converter
solution

IP protocol
Not involved

Service channels
Wayside E1

For information on whether a board supports a specific solution, see the DCN White Paper or Feature Description.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 13

Protocol Converter Introduction


Protocol
Converte
r

A protocol converter performs mutual conversion between signal protocols.


Application scenario: DCN information needs to be transmitted between two NEs but the two NEs
provide different protocol ports. The protocol converter solution is preferred when Huawei
equipment forms a network with third-party equipment.

FE-to-RS232 converter
(RS232_Converter)

Mutual conversion between 1xFE


and 1xRS232

FE

RS232

FE-to-E1 protocol converter


Type A:
E1_Converter

Type B
E1_C_Converter

Mutual conversion between


1xFE and 1xE1

FE

E1

Type C:
E1_MUX_Converter

Mutual conversion between


1xFE+1xE1 and 1xE1

E1

FE

FE-to-G703 converter
(G703_Converter)

Mutual conversion between 1xFE and


1xQ703

FE

G703

FE

Mutual conversion between 1xFE and multiple E1s

E1

FE

E1
E1

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Note
1. E1_Converter can not interconnect
with E1_C_Converter
2. E1_MUX_Converter with different
BOM can not interconnect

Page 14

Protocol Converter Application Scenarios


RS232_Converter

RS232
Channel

G703_Converter

G703
Channel

E1_Converter

E1Channel

E1_C_Converter
E1_MUX_Converter
Maximal 8 E1
E1 Channel

E1 Channel

E1 Channel

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Huawei Confidential

E1 Channel

DCN Specifications
Capability of a gateway NE
Can a gateway NE be connected to as
many non-gateway NEs as possible?
How many non-gateway NEs can
a gateway NE manage?

A gateway NE can manage a maximum of 60


non-gateway NEs. If NEs is more than 60, more gateway
NE is required

Bandwidth limit
In the case of different DCN channel bandwidths,
the maximum number of non-gateway NEs that
a gateway NE can manage is as follows:
DCN Channel

Maximum Number of
non-gateway NEs

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RS232
(9.6 kbit/s)

RS232
(19.2
kbit/s)

64 kbit/s

E1

3 to 5

5 to 10

30 to 50

500 to 1000

Page 16

DCN Specifications
Management capability of an NMS
How is the DCN
management
capability?

The management capability of an NMS refers to the maximum


number of NEs that the NMS can manage when the preset
performance specifications are met.
Maximum number of NEs that can be managed = 1000 x A/B

A: management capability
coefficient of an NM server
NM Server

Management
Capability
Coefficient

Sun SPARC Enterprise


M4000 (4 CPUs)

15

Sun SPARC Enterprise


M4000 (2 CPUs)

Sun SPARC Enterprise


T5220 (8Core)

Sun SPARC Enterprise


T5220 (4Core)

1.5

Sun Fire E4900

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

B: equivalent coefficient of
the radio equipment

Huawei Confidential

NE

Page 17

Equivalent
Coefficient

OptiX RTN 605

0.5

OptiX RTN 620

OptiX RTN 910

0.5

OptiX RTN 950

Contents

DCN Concepts and DCN Specifications


Multi-Scenario DCN Solutions
DCN Cases
FAQs

DCN Networking Scenarios

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 19

Complex DCN Networking Scenarios


RTN

Thirdparty
NMS

NMS
OSN/PTN

The 3rd party

Point-topoint

Ring
Chain

RTN 950

RTN 910

Supplementary
optical network

E1/STM-1

Star

RTN 605

FE/GE

RTN 950
BSC/RNC/aGW
RTN 950

RTN 605

RTN 620

A network may comprise many types of equipment such as OptiX RTN 605/620/910/950, OptiX OSN/PTN equipment,
and third-party equipment.
A network may involve multiple networking topologies such as point-to-point, chain, star, ring, and supplementary
network to an optical network.
NM information about Huawei equipment passes through a third-party network or NM information about third-party equipment
passes through a Huawei RTN network.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 20

Complex DCN Networking Scenarios


RTN

Thirdparty
NMS

NMS
OSN/PTN

The 3rd party

Pointto-point

Ring
Chain

RTN 950

RTN 910

Supplementary
optical network

BSC/RNC/aGW
RTN 950

RTN 605

RTN 620

What should we do in such complex DCN networking


scenarios?

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Huawei Confidential

FE/GE

RTN 950

Star

RTN 605

E1/STM-1

Page 21

DCN Solutions

Solutions to a network comprising


only Huawei equipment
Multiple versions
OptiX RTN 600 V100R002/R003/R005, OptiX RTN 900
V100R001/R002, ...

Multiple
versions

Multiple
types of
equipment

Complex
DCN
scenarios

Multiple
topologies

Multiple types of equipment


RTN, OSN, PTN
Multiple topologies
Point-to-point, chain, star, ring,

Solutions to a network comprising Huawei


radio equipment and third-party radio equipment

Forming a network
with third-party
equipment

Does an OptiX RTN network pass through a thirdparty network or a third-party network pass through
an OptiX RTN network?
Is the point-to-point topology, chain topology, star
topology, or ring topology adopted?

Any network is formed by point-to-point applications.

Two basic application scenarios are as follows: a network comprising only Huawei radio equipment,
and a network comprising Huawei radio equipment and third-party radio equipment.
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Huawei Confidential

Page 22

Solutions to a Network
Comprising Only Huawei Equipment

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Page 23

Quick Reference
NMS
Multiple versions:

Multiple types
of equipment:
RTN, OSN, PTN

Network comprising only


Huawei radio equipment

RTN 600
V1R2/R3/R5,
RTN 900 V1R1/R2

OSN/PTN

Optical+radio
N+ ring
RTN

0/
N+
1

E1/STM-1
FE/GE

OSN/PTN

BSC/RNC/aGW

Multiple topologies:
Point-to-point,
chain, star, ring,
HWECC protocol stack

DCN solution:
In most scenarios, the HWECC protocol stack is preferred when a network comprises only
Huawei radio equipment.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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Page 24

Quick Reference
NMS

Multiple versions:

Multiple types
of equipment:
RTN, OSN, PTN

Network comprising only


Huawei radio equipment

RTN 600
V1R2/R3/R5,
RTN 900 V1R1/R2

OSN/PTN

Optical+radio
ring

RTN

N+
0/
N+
1

E1/STM-1
FE/GE

OSN/PTN

BSC/RNC/aGW

Multiple topologies:
Point-to-point,
chain, star, ring,

Inband DCN

DCN solution:
Adopt the inband DCN solution using IP protocol for an OptiX RTN 900 network that
comprises the OptiX RTN 900 V100R001.
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Page 25

Quick Reference
NMS
Multiple versions:

Multiple types
of equipment:
RTN, OSN, PTN

Network comprising only


Huawei radio equipment

RTN 600
V1R2/R3/R5,
RTN 900 V1R1/R2

OSN/PTN

Optical+radio
ring

RTN

N+
0/
N+
1

E1/STM-1
FE/GE
OSN/PTN
BSC/RNC/aGW

Multiple topologies:
Point-to-point,
chain, star, ring,
Transparent
transmission solution

DCN solution:
Adopt the transparent transmission solution for an OptiX RTN 600/900 network that comprises
the OptiX RTN 900 V100R001.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 26

Quick Reference
NMS
Multiple versions:

Multiple types
of equipment:
RTN, OSN, PTN

Network comprising only


Huawei radio equipment

RTN 600
V1R2/R3/R5,
RTN 900 V1R1/R2

OSN/PTN

Optical+radio
ring

RTN

N+
0/
N+
1

E1/STM-1
FE/GE
OSN/PTN
BSC/RNC/aGW

Multiple topologies:
Point-to-point,
chain, star, ring,

Network
cable

Extended ECC

DCN solution:
When no service interfaces are available between two NEs, use extended ECCs to form an
internal DCN.
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Huawei Confidential

Page 27

Solutions to a Network Comprising


Huawei Radio Equipment and
Third-Party Radio Equipment
DCN Information of a Huawei RTN Network Passing
Through a Third-Party Network
DCN Information of a Third-Party Network Passing
Through a Huawei RTN Network
DCN Solutions to Typical Scenarios

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Huawei Confidential

Page 28

Passing
Passing through
through
third-party
third-party equipment
equipment

Passing
Passing through
through
Huawei
Huawei radio
radio equipment
equipment

DCN
DCN solutions
solutions to
to
typical
typical scenarios
scenarios

Analysis of the DCN Solutions to the Scenario Wherein DCN Information of


a Huawei RTN Network Passes Through a Third-Party Network
HW NMC

Third-party network

RTN

RTN

RTN

Protocol
converter
Router

How to connect HW NMS to third-party


equipment and how to connect the third-party
network to Huawei RTN network?

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Huawei Confidential

The DCN solutions are determined


by the type of transmission
channels that the third-party
network adopts and the DCN
solutions that the third-party
network supports.

Page 29

Passing
Passing through
through
third-party
third-party equipment
equipment

Passing
Passing through
through
Huawei
Huawei radio
radio equipment
equipment

DCN
DCN solutions
solutions to
to
typical
typical scenarios
scenarios

DCN Solutions to the Scenario Wherein DCN Information of a Huawei RTN


Network Passes Through a Third-Party Network
HW NMC

Third-party network

RTN

RTN

Inband DCN or FE transparent


transmission

One FE port is occupied and no extra device


is required.

E1 service channel, G.703-compliant


synchronous port, or RS-232
asynchronous port

IP over DCC or OSI over DCC

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RTN

Huawei Confidential

Protocol
converter
Router

The corresponding protocol converter is


required.

No extra device is required but static


routes need to be configured.

Page 30

Passing
Passing through
through
third-party
third-party equipment
equipment

Passing
Passing through
through
Huawei
Huawei radio
radio equipment
equipment

DCN
DCN solutions
solutions to
to
typical
typical scenarios
scenarios

Summary of the DCN Solutions to the Scenario Wherein DCN Information of


a Huawei RTN Network Passes Through a Third-Party Network
HW NMC

Third-party network

RTN

RTN
Protocol
converter
Router

RTN
Solution
Category

Serial No.

Transparent Transmission Channel


Provided by Third-Party Equipment

1
2
Protocol converter

E1 service channels

Auxiliary DCN Device

E1_Converter

The service bandwidth of 2 Mbit/s (one E1) is required and therefore third-party
equipment needs to provide one E1 port.

E1_MUX_Converter

A minimum service bandwidth of 64 kbit/s is required and therefore third-party


equipment needs to provide one E1 port.

E1_C_Converter

This converter is applicable to point-to-multipoint scenarios and requires FE


pass-through.

G703_Conveter

Third-party equipment needs to provide one G.703-compliant 64 kbit/s


codirectional data port.

RS232_Converter

Third-party equipment needs to provide one RS-232 data port.

G.703-compliant port

RS-232 data port

DCN channels by using the IP over DCC


protocol

None

The entire third-party network must adopt the IP over DCC protocol. In addition,
routes need to be configured manually (this work is complicated) and data
bandwidth needs to be calculated in advance.

DCN channels by using the OSI over


DCC protocol

None

The entire third-party network must adopt the OSI over DCC protocol. In
addition, routes need to be configured manually (this work is complicated) and
data bandwidth needs to be calculated in advance.

FE service channels

Router (required when NM


information passes
through an IP network)

Routers are used for data transfer between network segments.

Sharing DCN channels

Ethernet pass-through

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DCC transparent transmission

Remarks

Huawei Confidential

Page 31
The E1 provided by the external clock interface carries DCN information (the

Passing
Passing through
through
third-party
third-party equipment
equipment

Passing
Passing through
through
Huawei
Huawei radio
radio equipment
equipment

DCN
DCN solutions
solutions to
to
typical
typical scenarios
scenarios

Analysis of the DCN Solutions to the Scenario Wherein DCN Information of


a Third-Party Network Passes Through a Huawei RTN Network
Third-party NMC

Huawei radio

Third-party network

RTN

RTN

How to connect the third-party NMS to Huawei radio


equipment and how to connect Huawei RTN network to the
third-party network?

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Huawei radio equipment supports


multiple DCN solutions, and therefore
can transparently transmit information
about third-party network easily.
Multiple DCN solutions are available,
similar to the scenario wherein
Huawei RTN network passes through
third-party network.

Page 32

Passing
Passing through
through
third-party
third-party equipment
equipment

Passing
Passing through
through
Huawei
Huawei radio
radio equipment
equipment

DCN
DCN solutions
solutions to
to
typical
typical scenarios
scenarios

Summary of the DCN Solutions to the Scenario Wherein DCN Information of


a Third-Party Network Passes Through a Huawei RTN Network
Third-party NMC

Huawei radio
Third-party network

RTN
Solution
Category

Serial No.

Transparent Transmission Channel


Provided by Huawei Equipment

1
2
Protocol converter

E1 service channels

RTN
Auxiliary DCN
Device

Remarks

E1_Converter

The service bandwidth of 2 Mbit/s (one E1) is required and therefore Huawei radio
equipment needs to provide one E1 port.

E1_MUX_Converter

A minimum service bandwidth of 64 kbit/s is required and therefore Huawei radio


equipment needs to provide one E1 port.

E1_C_Converter

This converter is applicable to point-to-multipoint scenarios and is generally used


with the preceding two protocol converters.

G703_Converter

Huawei radio equipment needs to provide one G.703-compliant 64 kbit/s


codirectional data port.

RS232_Converter

Huawei radio equipment needs to provide one RS-232 19.2 kbit/s data port.

G.703-compliant port

RS-232 data port

IP over DCC

None

Huawei equipment and third-party equipment need to support the IP protocol and
interconnect with each other through management ports. In addition, routes need
to be configured manually.

OSI over DCC

None

Huawei equipment and third-party equipment need to support the OSI protocol and
interconnect with each other through management ports. In addition, routes need
to be configured manually.

FE service channels

Router (optional)

Huawei equipment needs to provide one FE port. In addition, radio service


channels of Huawei equipment are occupied and the channel bandwidth is
determined by the DCN information of third-party equipment.

Sharing DCN channels

Ethernet pass-through

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Page 33

Passing
Passing through
through
third-party
third-party equipment
equipment

Passing
Passing through
through
Huawei
Huawei radio
radio equipment
equipment

DCN
DCN solutions
solutions to
to
typical
typical scenarios
scenarios

Scenario 1: Point to Point (Independent Channels)


Description of the scenario:
The protocol converter performs protocol conversion and point-to-point transmission.
In this scenario, protocol converters are used in pairs. That is, the number of protocol converters that are used in the NM center is equal
to the number of protocol converters that are used at the remote pass-through point.

NMS
LAN switch

E1_Converter

E1/64k/RS232
E1/64k/RS232
etc.
etc.
E1_Converter

NM
center

E1_Converter

E1/64k/RS232
E1/64k/RS232
etc.
etc.

E1_Converter

E1/64K/RS232 etc
ETH

Advantages and disadvantages of the solution:


The advantage of this solution is simplicity. The disadvantage is that, in the case of multiple pass-through points, the number of protocol
converters in the NM center is large and many transmission channels are occupied. Therefore, this solution is applicable to the scenario
wherein only a few pass-through points exist.

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Passing
Passing through
through
third-party
third-party equipment
equipment

Passing
Passing through
through
Huawei
Huawei radio
radio equipment
equipment

DCN
DCN solutions
solutions to
to
typical
typical scenarios
scenarios

Scenario 2: Point to Multipoint (Independent Channels)


Description of the scenario:
When multiple pass-through points exist, adopt the C-Converter that supports multiple inputs to reduce the number of converters in the
NM center.

NMS
E1_MUX_Converter

E1 network
E1 network
E1_C_Converter

E1_MUX_Converter

LAN switch
E1_Converter

NM center

E1/64k/RS232
E1/64k/RS232

E1_Converter

E1/64K/RS232 etc
ETH

Advantages and disadvantages of the solution:


One E1_C_Converter is used with multiple E1_Converters. Multiple E1 channels, however, are occupied. Therefore, this solution is
applicable to a network wherein E1 channels are sufficient.

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Passing
Passing through
through
third-party
third-party equipment
equipment

Passing
Passing through
through
Huawei
Huawei radio
radio equipment
equipment

DCN
DCN solutions
solutions to
to
typical
typical scenarios
scenarios

Scenario 3: Cascading Converters (Shared Channels)


Description of the scenario:
In practice, as E1 bandwidths are valuable, multiple protocol converters may share one E1; that is, each converter occupies one or
several 64 kbit/s timeslots of the E1. As a result, the converters are cascaded.

NMS

E1_MUX_Converter

E1 network
E1 network

E1 network
E1 network

E1_MUX_Converter

E1 network
E1 network

E1_MUX_Converter

LAN switch
E1_C_Converter

NM center

E1 (nx64 kbit/s) NM signal


ETH NM signal

Advantages and disadvantages of the solution:


DCN communication on the entire chain is implemented over one E1, and the E1_MUX_Converters consume fewer E1 bandwidths. This
solution is applicable to a complex network.
Note: Currently, only the E1 protocol converter supports the cascading.
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Passing
Passing through
through
third-party
third-party equipment
equipment

Passing
Passing through
through
Huawei
Huawei radio
radio equipment
equipment

DCN
DCN solutions
solutions to
to
typical
typical scenarios
scenarios

Scenario 4: E1 Convergence (Shared Channels)


Description of the scenario:
In actual operations, multiple E1 channels may be converged into one E1 channel. Specifically, the 64 kbit/s timeslots in use in the E1
channels are converged into one E1 channel. Similar to the NM center, the convergence point converges multiple directions into one
direction. In this case, an E1_C_Converter is required.

E1 network
E1 network

NMS

E1 (nx64
kbit/s)
E1

E1 network
E1 network

E1 (nx64
kbit/s)

E1_MUX_Converter

E1 network
E1 network

E1 (nx64
kbit/s)

E1_MUX_Converter

E1_CConverter
E1
E1_MUX_Converter

LAN switch

(nx64
kbit/s)
E1 network
E1 network

E1_C_Converter

NM center

E1_MUX_Converter

E1 (nx64 kbit/s) NMS signal


ETH NMS signal

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Passing
Passing through
through
third-party
third-party equipment
equipment

Passing
Passing through
through
Huawei
Huawei radio
radio equipment
equipment

DCN
DCN solutions
solutions to
to
typical
typical scenarios
scenarios

Scenario 5: Passing Through a Live IP Network


Description of the scenario:
An IP network is available between an OptiX RTN NE and the NM center. In this case, no protocol conversion is required. In addition, the
live IP network and the OptiX RTN NE are located in different network segments in most cases. Therefore, it is recommended that you
configure one router at each pass-through point and in the NM center for data transfer between the network segments.

NMS

NM center
IP network
IP network

Router

LAN switch
Router

IP network
IP network

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Router

Page 38

Contents

DCN Concepts and DCN Specifications


Multi-Scenario DCN Solutions
DCN Cases
FAQs

Case 1: Sharing E1 Channels


Description of the scenario:
See the following figure. There are eight pass-through points and one E1 convergence point. The pass-through points form a tree
topology and each pass-through point needs to transmit NM information to the NM center. The chains on which NM information is
transmitted share one E1. On the chains, each interconnected point occupies one to several 64 kbit/s timeslots in the E1.
E1 convergence
point E1

NMS

NM center

E1-MUX_converter

E1_MUX_converter

E1_C-Converter
E1
E1
networ
networ
k
k

LAN switch

E1_MUX_
Converter

E1_C_converter

E1
E1
networ
networ
k
k

E1
other
other

E1 network
E1 network

E1 network
E1 network
E1_MUX_converter

E1

E1

E1 network
E1 network E1

E1_MUX_converter
E1_MUX_converter

E1

E1
E1
network
network

E1_MUX_Converter

E1
E1
network
network

E1_MUX_converter
E1

E1_MUX_Conv
erter

ETH

Acces
s point

DCN solution:
Configure one converter for each pass-through point, one C-Converter for the E1 convergence point, and one C-Converter and one LAN
switch for the NM center.
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Case 2: Large-Scale Network Comprising Only Huawei


Radio Equipment
Description of the scenario:
In the case of a large-scale network comprising only Huawei radio equipment, divide the network into subnets and set a gateway
NE for each subnet. Group a maximum of 60 adjacent NEs into one subnet. See the following figure. The network is divided into
five subnets.
Note: If the HWECC protocol is adopted, one gateway NE can support a maximum of 100 non-gateway NEs.

NMS
LAN
switch
NM center

60 NEs

E1
E1
networ
E1_C-Converter networ
k
k
E1_MUX_Conve
rter

60 NEs

E1_MUX_
Converter

60 NEs
E1_MUX_Converte
r

60 NEs

E1_MUX_Conv
erter

E1_MUX_Conve
rter

50 NEs

E1
ETH

DCN solution:
Configure one LAN switch and one E1_C-Converter for the NM center, and one E1_Converter for each subnet.
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Contents

DCN Concepts and DCN Specifications


Multi-Scenario DCN Solutions
DCN Cases
FAQs

FAQs
Q: How to obtain documents about protocol converters?
A: Visit The description of Protocol Converter on website 3ms.
Q:Why hybrid network with a third party recommended protocol converter?
A: If possible, you can also use the Ethernet transparent transmission DCN information.but in the existing TDM
microwave network, Ethernet ports are scarce, generally no Ethernet interface, in most cases need to use protocol
converters for conversion information transmit DCN. If you are using the Ethernet network to allow transmission
through the DCN information, will be a very good program.
Q: Where are documents about DCN solutions available, except for this slide?
A: Download documents about DCN solutions from website 3MS.
Document Name

Link

OptiX RTN 600 NMS Transparent Transmission Solutions via Third Party

3MS

Huawei RTN DCN Mix 3rd Party Solution V1.0 (20090828)

3MS

OptiX RTN DCN documentation Hardware Interfaces and Solutions V1.0


(20090814)

3MS

Microwave DCN White Paper 1.1

3ms

OptiX RTN Pre-Sales and After-Sales DCN Pass-Through Planning Guide


V1.02

3ms

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Page 43

Thank You
www.huawei.com