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Demography of the USA

26 March

The USA has a total population of 317.8


million
It is the 3rd -most populous country in the
world
It is very urbanized, with 82% residing in
cities and suburbs
California and Texas are the most
populous states
NY City is the most populous city in the
US

The fertility rate is 2 children per


woman
The most densely populated state is
New Jersey (433 persons/km2).
While in NY there are 26.000 people /
km2
Alaska 1person/km2

Race and Ethnicity


Ethnic Categories:
Hispanic or Latino: Cuban, Mexican, Puerto
Rican, or Spanish origin
Not Hispanic or Latino
Racial Categories:
American Indian or Alaska Native
Asian.
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander
White: A person having origins from Europe,
the Middle East, or North Africa.

Race and Ethnicity


African Americans, until 2001, were the largest
racial-ethnic minority in the USA (12,6%)
Hispanic American Families (16,3%). It
includes people of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto
Rican, Spanish Origin. This population is the
fastest growing ethnic minority in the USA
Asian American Families (4,8%): Chinese,
Filipino, Japanese, Hawaiian, Cambodian

Native American Families


0,9% from the US population
There are Hundreds of Distinct Tribes or Nations
Over Half Live on Tribal Designated Areas,
Reservations, or Trust Lands
Increased Numbers of Native Americans
Because of:
Rising Birth Rates
Reduced Infant Mortality

Caucasian (non-Hispanic) 72, 4%


Make up a large percentage of the US
population (64% are white non-Hispanic)
Includes immigrants of Europe, Middle East, and
Northern Africa
Largest ancestry groups:
German Americans (16.5%), Irish Americans
(11.9%), English Americans (9.0%), Italian
Americans (5.8%), Polish Americans (3.3%)
Of all ethnic/racial groups, Caucasians have the
largest gender inequality in median income

Other groups

22 million veterans
11 million illegal immigrants in the country
2 million people in prison
4.1% of Americans aged 1845 identify as
gay, lesbian

Religion
Great diversity of religions
Many immigrants with different religions
Churches and states are separated from
each other
The vast majority of Americans believe in
God, the national motto, printed on the US
currency is In God we trust

Christians- 78, 5%:


Evangelical Protestants, Catholic, Black
Church, Jehovah's Witness
Unaffiliated- 16,1%
Atheist- 1,6%
Non-Christian religions 4,6%
Jewish- 1,7%
Buddhist-0,7%
Muslim- 0,6%
Hindu- 0,4%

Other types of religions


Creationism (young development, reject the
theory of evolution, the Bible is an academic
source)
Electronic church (the Proclamation of the
Christian message through TV channels,
Internet, radio stations)
Latter Day Saints Family (Mormons) (They
consider themselves the only true and living
church in the world, argue that Christianity
degenerated over time into a corrupt society )

Social Class
Capitalist 1% (Top-level executives, high-rank
politicians, heirs. )
Upper middle class (15%) (Highly-educated )
Lower middle class (30%) (Semi-professionals
and craftsmen )
Working class (30%) (Clerical and most bluecollar workers whose work is highly routinized. )
Working poor (13%)(Service, low-rank clerical
and some blue-collar workers. )
Underclass (12%) (Those with limited or no
participation in the labor force )

Health
The average man weighs 88.3 kg; the
average woman 74.7 kg
26% of the population is obese, 21%
smoke, and 11% have diabetes
19.5% of teens, aged 1219, have
developed "slight" hearing loss.
1.2 million people are living with HIV/AIDS
in the United States.

Birth, growth, and death rates


The birth rate is 13 births/1,000
population
In 2009, Time magazine reported that
40% of births were to unmarried women.
Death rate. It was estimated that there
were 8 deaths/1,000 population
Life expectancy
total population: 78 years
male: 76 years
female: 80 years

Immigrants to the USA


1885-1910: Most immigrants were from central,
southern, and eastern Europe
Italians and Sicilians came in large numbers because
they needed to leave a poor economy and
overpopulation.
New immigrants typically flock to cities because of
more jobs, housing, and services.
They formed ethnic neighborhoods where they often
live together in areas (Little Italy, Chinatown, etc.)

Languages
English (American English) is the de facto national
language. Although there is no official language at the
federal level. About 80% of the population aged five years
and older, spoke only English at home. Spanish, spoken
by 12% of the population at home, is the second most
common language and the most widely taught second
language.
Both Hawaiian and English are official languages in
Hawaii.
New Mexico has laws providing for the use of both English
and Spanish
Louisiana does for English and French.
California, mandate the publication of Spanish versions of
certain government documents including court forms.
Many jurisdictions with large numbers of non-English
speakers produce government materials, especially voting
information, in the most commonly spoken languages in
those jurisdictions.

Family structure
58% of Americans age 18 and over are
married, 6% widowed, 10% divorced, and
25% had never been married.
Same-sex marriage is currently legal in
Illinois for same-sex couples in which at
least one of them is terminally ill.
Polygamy is illegal in all 50 states.

Students to answer (5 mins)

Tidva Corina Native American Families


Gritac Ana- African Americans
Popusoi Dumitru- Mormons
Marga Liuba- Electronic Church in the USA
Martiniuc Eugeniu- Baby Boom in the USA
Tcacenco Cristina- Ellis Island
Davidova Maria- Crime in the USA
Simcova Elena- Families in the USA