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T.V.

MUHAMMED ASHARAF

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTS


FOR FLOW METERING

FLOW TYPES

LAMINAR (< Re - 2000)


STREAMLINES WILL PRESERVE THEIR CONFIGURATION
UNCHANGED AT ALL INSTANCES AND WILL SHOW THE
PATH OF INDIVUIDCUAL PARTICLES OF THE FLUID.

TURBULANT (> Re 4000)

Poiseuille Equation

The
Poiseuille
Equation
quantifies
the
relationship between pressure drop and flow as:

Q = (P1 - P2) r4 / 8L

Where:
Q = Volumetric Flow Rate
P1 = Static pressure at the inlet
P2 = Static pressure at the outlet
r = Hydraulic Radius of the restriction
= (eta) absolute viscosity of the fluid
L = Length of the restriction

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTS

Practically, you transform a large tube


into a a number of small tubes and in
those tubes in the right pressure and
flow conditions, the flow will be
laminar.

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTS

The advantage of a laminar flow is that the


pressure drop across this flow element is
directly proportional to the flow.

So by measuring a tiny pressure drop with


the right differential pressure sensor, we
have a linear flow meter.

Simple and repeatable if not clogged.

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTS

The laminar flowmeter is by design


linear, so one calibration point is
sufficient to recalibrate it properly.

The laminar flowmeter is more resistant


to contamination that heat exchange
based flowmeters are having.

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTS

The laminar flowmeter is directional, it


knows by principle which way the flow
goes unlike heat exchange based flow
measurement

No warm up time.

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTS

The larger the flow,the larger the


laminar flow element has to be so it
can become quite bulky.

The flow measuring element is a


repeatable assembly of precisely
machined parts so it is expensive to
manufacture.

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTS

The measurement of air or gas flow is


sensitive
to
temperature
variations.
Temperature affects the volume of air,
temperature affects the gas viscosity,

The measurement creates a pressure drop


so to be fast and accurate, you need to
measure a very small differential pressure
very accurately. It is expensive.

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTS


with compensation.

COMPENSATION FOR
PRESSURE

TEMPERATURE

VISCOSITY

LAMINAR FLOW
ELEMENTS-USAGE AREA

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTSUSAGE AREA (Automotive)


Ball bearing
Bellows seal
Brake caliper
Brake pipes
Catalytic exhaust pipe
Clutch casting
Cylinder block
Cylinder head
Cylinder head
Cylinder sleeve
Delco
Differencial gear
transmission
Engine block
Engine rubber seals
Exhaust manifold
Exhaust pipe
Fuel cap
Fuel filter
Fuel float
Fuel tank
Fuel tank cap

Automotive Leak Testing


Gas tank
Petrol tank
Gear box
Pneumatic jack
Gear box manifold
Pneumatic spring
Head light
Pneumatic transmission
Head light ramp
Rocker arm cap
Heat exchanger
Rubber pipe
Heater core
Shock absorber hydraulic tank
High pressure fuel
Shock absorber valve
circuit
Silencer
Horn
Single switch gauge
Hydraulic transmission Speed controller
Injection ramp
Spiral wound gasket for camshaft
Inlet manifold
Spiral wound gasket for crankshaft
Inlet valve
Spiral wound gasket for cylinder
Inlet valve guide seal
head
Jerrycan
Spiral-wound gasket for engine
Lip seal
Steering wheel
Mecanical transmission Tank fuel circuit
Oil manifold
Turbo compressor
Oil gauge
Water circuit
Oil heater
Water float
Water pump

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTSUSAGE AREA (Medical)


Medical Leak Testing
Blisters
Catheters
Condoms
Glass pharmaceutical bottle
Hydraulic connector
Plastic bag
Plastic pharmaceutical bottle
Pneumatic connectors
Spray can for pharmaceuticals
Surgeon glove
Water sweetener

Leak & Flow Testing


Dialysis equipment
Intravenous drip
Inhaler
Fine spray generator
lexible pipes
Plastic valve
Pressure regulator

Leak & Flow & Volume Testing


Aerosol pump for pharmaceuticals
Aerosol valve for pharmaceuticals
Leak & Volume Testing
Syringe
Leak & Pressure Testing
Pressure switch
Thermal switch
Flow & Electrical & Pressure Testing
Ventilator

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTSUSAGE AREA (Appliances)

Leak & Electrical


Testing
Coffee machine
Dish washer
Iron
Kettle
Light bulb
Television set

Leak Testing
Computer screen
Water sweetener for
caravans
Leak & Flow & Multi
Testing
Refrigeration circuit

Electrcal
Flow & Electrical
Testing
Testing
Computer
Air dryer
Fan
Vacuum cleaner
Curling tongue
Flow Testing
Multi Testing
Pen
Boilers
Tumbul dryer
Fridge
Washing machine

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTSUSAGE AREA (Packaging)


Leak Testing
Aerosol pump
Aerosol valve
Complete aerosols
Deodorant stick
Plastic bag
Plastic bottle
Plastic cosmetic bottle
Spray can
Glass cosmetic bottle

Leak & Flow Testing


Fine spray generator

Leak & Volume Testing


Ink cartridges

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTSUSAGE AREA (Valve)


Aluminum connector
Float
Heater connector
Hydraulic connector
Hydraulic valve

Leak Testing
Pneumatic connectors
Pneumatic jack
Pneumatic spring
Pneumatic transmission
Pneumatic valve

Leak & Pressure


Leak & Flow & Pressure
Testing
Testing
Pressure contact switch Flexible pipes
Pressure reducing valve
Pressure regulator
Pressure valve
Regulator
Solenoid
Thermal switch
Master cylinder

Pump connector
Regulation valve
Thermal valve
Thermalstatic valve
Leak & Multi
Testing
Pressure switch

Multi Testing
Pressure
gauge

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTSUSAGE AREA (Gas)

Leak Testing
Gas Meter
Heat exchanger
for boilers
Regulator

Leak & Flow


Flow Testing
Testing
Burner
Ramp for boilers Injector
Ramp for cookers Lighter
Regulation valve
Tap/valve

Leak & Flow & Multi Testing


Electrical Testing Boilers (sanitory
Cooker
and central
heating circuits)

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTS

Commercial leaders in the Field

MERIAM, USA PATENTED DESIGN


ATEQ SYSTEMS, FRANCE
TELEDYNE HASTINGS

LAMINAR FLOW 7ELEMENTSCommercial Models

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTSCommercial Models

Manifold blocks used in medical ventilators produced by


Blease, these incorporate a customised MDE Laminar
Flow Element.

LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTSCommercial Models

Mimic breathing monitor designed and produced in


association with Allan-Moore Electronics for
Medic Aid Ltd a company producing drug delivery
systems for the healthcare sector.

LAMINAR FLOW
ELEMENTS