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# T.V.

MUHAMMED ASHARAF

## LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTS

FOR FLOW METERING

FLOW TYPES

## LAMINAR (< Re - 2000)

STREAMLINES WILL PRESERVE THEIR CONFIGURATION
UNCHANGED AT ALL INSTANCES AND WILL SHOW THE
PATH OF INDIVUIDCUAL PARTICLES OF THE FLUID.

## TURBULANT (> Re 4000)

Poiseuille Equation

The
Poiseuille
Equation
quantifies
the
relationship between pressure drop and flow as:

Q = (P1 - P2) r4 / 8L

Where:
Q = Volumetric Flow Rate
P1 = Static pressure at the inlet
P2 = Static pressure at the outlet
r = Hydraulic Radius of the restriction
= (eta) absolute viscosity of the fluid
L = Length of the restriction

## Practically, you transform a large tube

into a a number of small tubes and in
those tubes in the right pressure and
flow conditions, the flow will be
laminar.

## The advantage of a laminar flow is that the

pressure drop across this flow element is
directly proportional to the flow.

## So by measuring a tiny pressure drop with

the right differential pressure sensor, we
have a linear flow meter.

## The laminar flowmeter is by design

linear, so one calibration point is
sufficient to recalibrate it properly.

## The laminar flowmeter is more resistant

to contamination that heat exchange
based flowmeters are having.

## The laminar flowmeter is directional, it

knows by principle which way the flow
goes unlike heat exchange based flow
measurement

No warm up time.

## The larger the flow,the larger the

laminar flow element has to be so it
can become quite bulky.

## The flow measuring element is a

repeatable assembly of precisely
machined parts so it is expensive to
manufacture.

## The measurement of air or gas flow is

sensitive
to
temperature
variations.
Temperature affects the volume of air,
temperature affects the gas viscosity,

## The measurement creates a pressure drop

so to be fast and accurate, you need to
measure a very small differential pressure
very accurately. It is expensive.

## LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTS

with compensation.

COMPENSATION FOR
PRESSURE

TEMPERATURE

VISCOSITY

LAMINAR FLOW
ELEMENTS-USAGE AREA

## LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTSUSAGE AREA (Automotive)

Ball bearing
Bellows seal
Brake caliper
Brake pipes
Catalytic exhaust pipe
Clutch casting
Cylinder block
Cylinder sleeve
Delco
Differencial gear
transmission
Engine block
Engine rubber seals
Exhaust manifold
Exhaust pipe
Fuel cap
Fuel filter
Fuel float
Fuel tank
Fuel tank cap

## Automotive Leak Testing

Gas tank
Petrol tank
Gear box
Pneumatic jack
Gear box manifold
Pneumatic spring
Pneumatic transmission
Rocker arm cap
Heat exchanger
Rubber pipe
Heater core
Shock absorber hydraulic tank
High pressure fuel
Shock absorber valve
circuit
Silencer
Horn
Single switch gauge
Hydraulic transmission Speed controller
Injection ramp
Inlet manifold
Inlet valve
Inlet valve guide seal
Jerrycan
Lip seal
Steering wheel
Mecanical transmission Tank fuel circuit
Oil manifold
Turbo compressor
Oil gauge
Water circuit
Oil heater
Water float
Water pump

## LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTSUSAGE AREA (Medical)

Medical Leak Testing
Blisters
Catheters
Condoms
Glass pharmaceutical bottle
Hydraulic connector
Plastic bag
Plastic pharmaceutical bottle
Pneumatic connectors
Spray can for pharmaceuticals
Surgeon glove
Water sweetener

## Leak & Flow Testing

Dialysis equipment
Intravenous drip
Inhaler
Fine spray generator
lexible pipes
Plastic valve
Pressure regulator

## Leak & Flow & Volume Testing

Aerosol pump for pharmaceuticals
Aerosol valve for pharmaceuticals
Leak & Volume Testing
Syringe
Leak & Pressure Testing
Pressure switch
Thermal switch
Flow & Electrical & Pressure Testing
Ventilator

## Leak & Electrical

Testing
Coffee machine
Dish washer
Iron
Kettle
Light bulb
Television set

Leak Testing
Computer screen
Water sweetener for
caravans
Leak & Flow & Multi
Testing
Refrigeration circuit

Electrcal
Flow & Electrical
Testing
Testing
Computer
Air dryer
Fan
Vacuum cleaner
Curling tongue
Flow Testing
Multi Testing
Pen
Boilers
Tumbul dryer
Fridge
Washing machine

## LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTSUSAGE AREA (Packaging)

Leak Testing
Aerosol pump
Aerosol valve
Complete aerosols
Deodorant stick
Plastic bag
Plastic bottle
Plastic cosmetic bottle
Spray can
Glass cosmetic bottle

## Leak & Flow Testing

Fine spray generator

Ink cartridges

## LAMINAR FLOW ELEMENTSUSAGE AREA (Valve)

Aluminum connector
Float
Heater connector
Hydraulic connector
Hydraulic valve

Leak Testing
Pneumatic connectors
Pneumatic jack
Pneumatic spring
Pneumatic transmission
Pneumatic valve

## Leak & Pressure

Leak & Flow & Pressure
Testing
Testing
Pressure contact switch Flexible pipes
Pressure reducing valve
Pressure regulator
Pressure valve
Regulator
Solenoid
Thermal switch
Master cylinder

Pump connector
Regulation valve
Thermal valve
Thermalstatic valve
Leak & Multi
Testing
Pressure switch

Multi Testing
Pressure
gauge

Leak Testing
Gas Meter
Heat exchanger
for boilers
Regulator

## Leak & Flow

Flow Testing
Testing
Burner
Ramp for boilers Injector
Ramp for cookers Lighter
Regulation valve
Tap/valve

## Leak & Flow & Multi Testing

Electrical Testing Boilers (sanitory
Cooker
and central
heating circuits)

## MERIAM, USA PATENTED DESIGN

ATEQ SYSTEMS, FRANCE
TELEDYNE HASTINGS

## Manifold blocks used in medical ventilators produced by

Blease, these incorporate a customised MDE Laminar
Flow Element.

## Mimic breathing monitor designed and produced in

association with Allan-Moore Electronics for
Medic Aid Ltd a company producing drug delivery
systems for the healthcare sector.

LAMINAR FLOW
ELEMENTS