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THE SCIENCE UPSR

FORMAT 2008
BILLINGUAL
1. MALAY
2. ENGLISH

THE SCIENCE UPSR FORMAT 2007


SECTION

QUESTION
STRUCTURE

OBJECTIVE
1.

MULTIPLE
CHOICE

SUBJECTIVE

TOTAL
MARKS

NUMBER
OF
QUESTIONS

MARKS

PERCENT
AGE

30

30

60

4-5

20
50

40

100%

WHY THE PUPILS FAIL TO


EXCEL?
CANDIDATE WEAKNESSES
1. NOT ANSWERING ALL THE QUESTIONS IN SECTION
B
2. MEANINGLESS ANSWERS
3. THE FACTS ARE CORRECT BUT IRRELEVANT
4. NOT A COMPLETE ANSWER
5. JUST COPYING THE QUESTIONS

HOW TO GET A
PART A

Get at least 26 / 30
marks.

TECHNIQUE?

Prepare a MIND MAP.


Characteristics
of light
In a straight

Refract

line

Reflect

Phonemic
Style
Colour of rainbows :

Rose Of You Give By In Person


Name of the Planets
My Very Excellent Mother Just Serve
Us Nine Planets

ABOR :
Acid Blue To Red

ARRANGEMENT OF PLANETS
Name of the Planets
My Very Excellent Mother Just Serve
Us Nine Puddings

Identify the KEY


WORDS

Underline or Circle the KEY


WORDS
in
every
question
.
Example :
Million of grasshoppers attack the people in a small island .
The events below shows the effects of the attack.
R - Shortage of food to humans
S - All plants died
T - The carnivores died
U - Omnivores died
Which of the below shows the correct sequence of events ?
A

R,T,U,S

S,U,T,R

T,R,U,S

U,T,S,R

Crossing the error


EXAMPLE :
J

Boiling

Evaporation

Condensation

Steam

The information above shows the process in the changes


of materials .
Which of the below shows the changes from liquid to gas ?
A J and L
B J , K and M
C K , L and M
D J , K , L and M

Understand simple experiment / easy


for
every topic to be delivered .
More faster pedal ,
more faster to arrive.

HOW TO GETA
SECTION B

SUBJECTIVE
QUESTIONS

CAREFULLY READ EACH


INSTRUCTION AND
EXPLANATION.

KEY WORDS FROM QUESTION


ESPECIALLY
VARIABLES
Obtained from where ?
Statements
Diagrams
Tables
Graphs
Other information given .

BEGIN ANSWERING
QUESTIONS :

Observation + Inferences
Hypothesis
Variable
Pattern / Trends
Prediction
Other stimulus with the
same skills.

Science Process Skills

OBSERVATION
INFERENCE
CONTROLLING VARIABLES :* What to change
* What to observe / measure
* What to keep the same
Hypothesis
INTERPRETING DATA :* Trend of change
* Relationship
* What is the evident about ..
* Reason
*Conclusion
PREDICTING
APLICATION QUESTIONS

OBSERVATION
USING THE FIVE SENSES .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

WHAT IS HEARD
WHAT IS FELT
WHAT IS SMELL
WHAT IS TOUCHED
WHAT IS SEEN

Night time

Day time

State the observation above ?

OBSERVATION

INFERENCE
EARLY CONCLUSION BASED ON
OBSERVATION.
OBSERVATION = WHAT HAPPEN /
OBSERVATION

+ REASON

CONNECTING THE OBSERVATION WITH


THE REASON
THE REASON HAVE TO BE LOGICAL

In short , Inference is :Explanation on observation or


the reason why it happens
Steps to answer on INFERENCES :1. Observe carefully
2. State why it happens

It can be answered as follows :1 :- Observation and the reason


2 : With reason and stating which
observation is writtern as inference if there
are more than one observation .

GUIDES IN ANSWERING
Question :- Write an inference for
your observation in Diagram 1 .
How to answer :1. State your observation :The window glass broken
2. Give a logic reason :Because a boy catapult the
window
The complete answer :1. The window glass broken because
the boy catapult it .
( OBSERVATION + REASON ) OR
2. Because the boy catapult it .
( REASON ONLY)

Rajah 1

INFERENCE

2. CONTROLLING VARIABLES:Naming the :


i . Things to be changed (WTC)
ii. Things to be observe ( WTO)
iii. Things to be kept the same
(WTS)
The things to be observed is the result of
the things that to be changed. At the same
time , the things to be kept the same are
kept constant or the same .
Reminder! Every variables have to state :Measurement / characteristic
Weight
+ Materials
Example :Measurement / characteristic
Weight
+ Materials = ball
Example on variables = Weight of ball

VARIABLES
WHAT TO KEEP THE SAME VARIABLE
FIX / SAME / DOES NOT EFFECT THE FAIR TEST

WHAT TO CHANGE VARIABLE


THINGS THAT CHANGES / THINGS THAT AFFECT THE FAIR
TEST

WHAT TO OBSERVE / MEASURE VARIABLE


RESULT OF THE FAIR TEST / INVESTIGATION

Exercise 1 :-

Measurement
/
characteristic
s
Length
Temperature
Types
Size
Shape
Time

Things/
Matter
pillar
Water
Surface
Tin
Container
Ice melts

VARIABLES

Latihan pembolehubah :1.

Bekas A

Bekas B

Bekas C

PU (BEZA) :PM(SAMA):2.

Tin J
PU (BEZA:PM(SAMA):-

Tin K

Tin L

3.
Tali Q

Tali R

Tali S

PU (BEZA):4.

PM(SAMA):-

Cuka
PU (BEZA):PM(SAMA):-

Minyak

Air

5.

Kotak A
PU (BEZA:6.

Kotak B

Kotak C

PM(SAMA):-

Magnet X
PU (BEZA:PM(SAMA):-

Magnet Y

Magnet Z

7.
Termometer

50 0 C

60 0 C

350 ml
minyak

70 0 C
350 ml
minyak

PU (BEZA:PM(SAMA):8.

Bola 20 g
PU (BEZA:PM(SAMA):- :

Bola 30 g

Bola 40 g

Mengenalpasti Pembolehubah
Variable can be known through the
information shown below:
1. X Axis - ( Horizontal) : WTC
Y Axis - ( Vertical ) : WTO
2. Column and Row in a Table .

suhu

Contoh Graf palang

Masa

Contoh: Jadual
Baris pertama: PU

Masa
(minit)
Suhu
(C)

Baris kedua : PM

12

28

32

36

40

Contoh: Jadual menegak


PU
Kuantiti baja
( gram)

Ketinggian
pokok
( cm )

3.0

10

3.5

15

4.0

20

4.5

PB

Hypothesis :Making a general statement about the


relationship between a manipulated variable
and a responding variable to explain an
observation or event . The statement can be
Steps in answering Hypothesis :tested to determine its validity .
.
1. Identify What to Change ( WTC )
2. Identify What to Observe / Measure (WTO)
3. Use the links below to make the hypothesis :* more wtc more wto
* nearer wtc bigger/smaller wto
* any other acceptable answer

Example on Hypothesis :-

2 liter of
water

2 liter of
water

Container R

Container S

The same kind of fishes are placed in container R


and S .After a week , the average weight of the
fishes are recorded .

Guide in answering the Hypothesis


question :-

1. WTC : Number of fish


2. WTO : Average weight of fish
3. The relation of WTC and WTO.
Example of answer :*More fish less average weight of
fish .
*Less fish more average weight of
fish.

INTERPRETING :Giving rational explanations about an object ,


event or pattern derived from collected
data . The data collected are in various form
like tables , drawings ,graphs .
Example questions :-

1. What can be stated about


2. State the relation between the two
variables ?
3. State the changes in pattern / trend ?
4. Write the aim of the fair test /
investigation ..
5. Write a conclusion from the information.

Example on Interpreting Data :-

900
ml
water
Black Tin

900
ml
water
White Tin

900
ml
water
Blue Tin

Diagram 3 shows an investigation done on


three different coloured Tins with the same
volume of water. All the tins are placed under
the sunlight . The volume of water is recorded
after 10 minutes as shown in Table 2 .

PERUBAHAN CORAK
1.

20 , 40 , 60 , 80 , 100

JAWAPAN:
2.

200 , 150 , 100 , 50 , 0

JAWAPAN:
3.

100 , 100 , 100 , 100 , 100

JAWAPAN:

CUBA NYATAKAN CORAK PERUBAHAN .


1.

20 , 23 , 20, 23 , 20 , 23
JAWAPAN :
2.

10 , 20 , 30 , 30 , 20 , 20 ,
30 , 40 , 30 , 20 .

JAWAPAN:

PREDICTION :Making a forecast about what will


happen in the future based on prior
knowledge gained through experience
and collected data .
Guided answer :i) Form numbers if the data are in numbers
can be read based on the changes in
reading .
ii) Form words if the information are in
words / diagrams / pictures that cannot
be read or counted in numbers .

3. Predict the time taken fro the water to boil using six candles ?

15 minutes

Container
P

Container
R

Container
Q

Container

Time water boils/ minutes

55

45

35

DIAGRAM 5
Layer of oil
Tadpole

AIM OF INVESTIGATION / FAIR TEST


1. STATING THE OBJECTIVE OR AIM THE FAIR TEST OR
INVESTIGATION IS DONE .
2. THERE ARE STATEMENTS , INVESTIGATION , FAIR TEST ,
OR IDENTIFYING .
3. STATEMENTS SHOWIN RELATION , CAUSE AND
EFFECTS .
4. RELATING BETWEEN TWO VARIABLES .
EXAMPLE:

To find out the relationship between (WTC)

and (WTO)
To find out if (WTC) has an effect on (WTO)
To find out what will happen to (WTO) if
(WTC) is increased.

3. What is the aim of the fair test below ?


To show the relationship between the types of surface and the distances
traveled by the toy car after 3 meter .

Types of surfaces
Time taken by the toy car for the
distance traveled of 3 meter
(in seconds )

J
10

K
13

L
9

The diagram below shows the apparatus used in an investigation .The


same amount of water is poured on the muddy soil , the misxture of
muddy soil and sandy soil .The volume of water collected is then
recorded ..
1. Write the purpose or aim of the
investigation .
To show the relationship between types of
soil and the volume of water collected .

Muddy
soil

Sandy
soil.

Mixture of
sand and
muddy soil.

6. APPLICATION
QUESTIONS :Using the result of a fair test and
investigation to solve problem in the daily
lives .

Examples of APPLICATION:Thermometer

Black Tin

Cardboar
d

White Tin
Yellow Tin
Diagram 4

Red Tin

Diagram 4 shows 4 tins of different colours


placed under the sun . The beginning
temperature of all the tins is 30 C .The
temperature is recorded after 15 minutes .

Example on APPLICATION :Cardboard

Thermometer

Black Tin
Tin

White tin

Yellow Tin

Temperature in tins after 15 mins. / 0 C

Yellow

35
30
32

Red

33

Black
White

Red Tin

THANK YOU