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NET Framework
.NET Training Program
Ashutosh Pandey
Student Incharge - Software Incubator
Computer Science and Engineering
Ajay Kumar Garg Engineering College, Ghaziabad
Email: meatashu@gmail.com, Phone: 9990687407

Software Incubator .NET Training Program

Tuesday, May 12, 2015

Overview

What is .NET? - Technology


.NET Framework - collection
Visual Studio - IDE
C# and VB common languages
2 tier architecture
3 tier architecture
N tier architecture

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Why .Net?

Why C..brainstorming
Why Java ..Brainstorming
Now why .net ???
Fast application development
No new concept
Fastest emerging technology in IT Market
Job Oriented
Has a wide range of applications
Object Oriented(close to real world)

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What is Microsoft .NET?

.NET is a Framework that provides a common


platform for many languages.
44 languages in the beginning..so can u
guess what is the no now ???
The .NET Framework is an environment for
building, deploying, and running Web
applications and Web Services

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Advantages of .NET
Direct Support for Security
Consistent Programming Model
Windows Presentation Format Support with XAML
Intelli-sense
Debugging
Greatly simplifies language interoperability.
Supports strongly typed languages
Calling from and to any other .NET language becomes simple
It uses industry-standard protocols such as TCP/IP, XML, SOAP and HTTP
Easy Application Deployment and Maintenance
Simplified Development Efforts

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.NET Framework

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.NET Framework

.NET Framework consists of 3 main parts:

Common Language Runtime


MSIL
Framework Classes/Libraries

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The .NET Framework


VB

C++

C#

JScript

Common Language Specification

ADO.NET: Data and XML


Base Class Library

Visual Studio.NET

Windows
Windows
Forms
Forms

ASP.NET: Web Services


and Web Forms

Common Language Runtime

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Common Language
Runtime (CLR)

A common runtime for all .NET languages

Common type system


Common metadata
Intermediate Language (IL) to native code compilers
Memory allocation and garbage collection
Code execution and security

Over 44 languages supported today

C#, VB, Jscript, Visual C++ from Microsoft


Perl, Python, Smalltalk, Cobol, Haskell, Mercury, Eiffel, Oberon,
Oz, Pascal, APL, CAML, Scheme, etc.

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Common Language
Runtime (CLR)
CLR

works like a virtual machine in executing


all languages.
All .NET languages must obey the rules and
standards imposed by CLR. Examples:

Object declaration, creation and use


Data types,language libraries
Error and exception handling
Interactive Development Environment (IDE)

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Intermediate Language (IL)

.NET languages are not compiled to machine code.


They are compiled to an Intermediate Language (IL).

CLR accepts the IL code and recompiles it to machine


code. The recompilation is just-in-time (JIT) meaning it
is done as soon as a function or subroutine is called.

The JIT code stays in memory for subsequent calls. In


cases where there is not enough memory it is discarded
thus making JIT process interpretive.

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Compilation in .NET
Code in VB.NET

Code in C#

Code in another
.NET Language

VB.NET compiler

C# compiler

Appropriate
Compiler

IL(Intermediate
Language) code

CLR just-in-time
execution

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Common Language Runtime

Multiple Language Support


CTS is a rich type system built into the CLR
Implements various types (int, double, etc)
And operations on those types
CLS is a set of specifications that language and library designers need to
follow
This will ensure interoperability between languages

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Common Language Runtime


(CLR)

Enables cross-language interoperability

Language/Hardware/OS Independent

Common Language Specification describes interoperability


requirements
Compact framework for small devices

Industrial strength Garbage collector

Designed for multi-processor servers

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CLR: Execution Model


Source
code
Managed
code

VB

C#

C++

Compiler

Compiler

Compiler

Assembly
IL Code

Assembly
IL Code

Assembly
IL Code

Unmanaged
Component

Common Language Runtime


JIT Compiler
Native Code

Operating System Services

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.NET Framework Libraries

Single consistent set of object oriented class


libraries to enable building distributed web
applications (Unified Classes)

Built using classes arranged across logical


hierarchical namespaces

For example: System.Data.SQL

Work with all CLR languages

No more VBRun or MFC divide

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.NET Framework
Libraries
Unified Classes
Web Classes (ASP.NET)
Controls, Caching, Security, Session, Configuration etc

Data (ADO.NET)

Windows Forms

ADO, SQL,Types etc

Design, Cmpnt Model etc

XML Classes

Drawing Classes

XSLT, Path, Serialization etc Drawing, Imaging, Text, etc

System Classes
Collections, Diagnostics, Globalization, IO, Security,
Threading Serialization, Reflection, Messaging etc

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ASP.NET

ASP.NET is a new programming framework designed to


make web apps easier to:

Build, Deploy, Run

Radical advancement of todays ASP

Broader programming language support

Easier page programming model

Visual Basic.NET, Jscript.NET, C#


Namespaces

Richer XML features and integration


XCopy/FTP deployment
Better reliability and recovery
Excellent Visual Studio designer support

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ASP.NET

ASP.NET is compiled, not interpreted


Better performance
Early binding, strong typing, JIT compiling to native code
Configuration settings in XML-based files
Session state can now be shared across a web farm of ASP.NET
servers
.NET State Server Process manages state
Application state is still single sever
ASP.NET detects and recovers from problems
Access violations, memory leaks, deadlocks
ASP.NET supports pre-emptive cycling of apps
Time and request based settings

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ASP.NET
ASP.NET,the

platform services that allow to program Web


Applications and Web Services in any .NET language
ASP.NET

Uses .NET languages to generate HTML pages.


HTML page is targeted to the capabilities of the requesting
Browser
ASP.NET

Program is compiled into a .NET class and


cached the first time it is called. All subsequent calls use the
cached version.

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ASP.NET
Logical Evolution of ASP

Supports multiple languages


Improved performance
Control-based, event-driven execution model
More productive
Cleanly encapsulated functionality

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ASP.NET Web Services

A technical definition

A programmable application component accessible


via standard Web protocols

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Web Services
It is just an application
that exposes its features and capabilities over
the network
using XML
to allow for the creation of powerful new
applications that are more than the sum of their
parts

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ASP.NET Server Controls

Server controls are tags that are understood by


the server.
There are three kinds of server controls:

HTML Server Controls - Traditional HTML tags


Web Server Controls - New ASP.NET tags
Validation Server Controls - For input validation

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ASP.NET Web Forms

Allows clean cut code

Code-behind Web Forms

Easier for tools to generate


Code within is compiled then executed
Improved handling of state information
Support for ASP.NET server controls

Data validation
Data bound grids

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ADO.NET (Data and XML)

New objects (e.g., DataSets)


Separates connected / disconnected issues
Language neutral data access
Uses same types as CLR
Great support for XML

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Visual Studio.NET

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Visual Studio.NET

Development tool that contains a rich set of


productivity and debugging features

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Visual Studio.NET

Integrated Development Environment

Visual Basic.NET

Visual C++

Integration with .NET Framework with managed extensions (classes)

C#

Many language enhancements


Inheritance,Overloading, Free Threading

New development language


Based on C/C++ with Garbage Collection/Memory Management

JUMP (Java User Migration Path) to .NET (1/25/01)

Visual J++ has been removed from the Visual Studio suite currently but it was a part of the earlier versions.

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VS.NET Features

Single IDE for all Languages


Server Explorer

Event Viewer, Message Queues, Services


SQL Databases, Data Connection, Etc.

Integrated IE Browser
HTML/XML Editors
Macros/Macro Explorer
Solution Explorer
Tabbed Documents
Dynamic Help
Common Forms Editor

VB.NET, C++, and C#

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C#

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Intro to C#

Design Goals of C#

Features

Component Orientated Language


Robust and Durable Software
Classes
Namespaces
No header files

VB.NET vs. C#

Ability to embed C++ code in C# code


Elegance of C/C++ language

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Design Goals C#

Component Oriented

Robust and Durable

Properties, methods, events


Garbage collection (No memory leaks and stray
pointers)
Exception Handling
Type-safety (No uninitialized variables)

Based on C++
Interoperability

Support for XML, SOAP

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IIS Internet Information


Services

Internet Information Service

IIS (Internet Information Services) is


Microsoft's Internet server

IIS comes as a free component with


Windows servers

IIS is also a part of Windows 2000 and XP


Professional

How to install

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How does ASP.NET work?


Requests

an HTML file, the server returns

the file
Requests

an ASP.NET file, IIS passes the


request to the ASP.NET engine on the server

The

ASP.NET engine reads the file, line by


line, and executes the scripts in the file

ASP.NET

file is returned to the browser as


plain HTML

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J2EE and .NET


Execution Engine
J2EE
Java source code compiles into machine-independent byte
code
Runtime Environment : JVM
.NET
Any compliant language compiles into MSIL
Runtime environment : CLR
Both JVM and CLR ,support services, such as code
verification, memory management via garbage collection,
and code security

J2EE and .NET


Cross Platform Portability

J2EE
Platform Independent
JDK should exist on target machine
.NET
Supports Windows platform
CLR should exist on target machine
Can support other platforms provided it has its own JIT
complier

J2EE and .NET


Language Support

J2EE
Tied to Java
Supports other languages via interface technology
.NET
Language independent
Supports any language if mapping exists from that
language to IL

J2EE and .NET


Tools Support

J2EE
Can employ any number of tools
Pro :Developer has a great deal of choice
Con :Difficulty in choosing a right tool for a given job

.NET
Visual Studio.NET, single IDE for building an
application

Questions/Queries ??

Visit us @ www.akgec.org/si
Course material available at
www.akgec.org/si/downloads

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