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HGM 30633 GEOGRAFI MALAYSIA

SUSTAINABILITY
TEACHING AND
RESEARCH

MUHAMAD AL MUIZZ
BIN OMAR
NUR HAFIZAH BINTI
MOHAMED
JULIA BINTI A. RAHIM
NURUL AFIQAH BINTI
RAMLI

D20121059092
D20121059120
D20121059096
D20121059101

INTRODUCTION

Sustainable development was introduced in 1968 in Paris at the


Bioshere Conference.
In Malaysia, the concept of sustainable development was introduced
in the Seventh Malaysia Plan (7MP) in 1996.
Sustainable development is important to ensure the holistic wellbeing of the community. This situation not only be implemented in
urban areas but must be practiced in the campus.
Sustainable development is a concept that focuses on the
conservation and preservation of natural resources in each activity.
Education for sustainability in general is a process to develop
concerns, abilities, attitudes, and values that exist in students.
Sustainability on campus is one of the most pristine in order
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris (UPSI) to achieve a campus that is
not only superior in terms of research and high quality graduates but
also offers a comfortable and convenient ecosystem.
The reason for making upsi a sustainable campus is to create and
maintain an environment that is healthy and clean. In addition, it is
also to reduce environmental pollution in the area around the
campus and lecture rooms.

DEFINITION
Sustainable means:
a) Fixed
b) Unchanged
c) Permanent

Sustainable development means:


) The development of the human needs
without compromising the capacity of natural
resources in the long run and the status of
environmental quality and social equity.

Campus sustainable:
An institution of higher education as a whole
or in part to minimize the negative effects of
the environment, economy, society and health
generated in the use of resources to meet the
teaching, research, outreach and partnership
and stewardship in a way to help people make
the transition towards a sustainable lifestyle.
Teaching and research sustainable:
The retention of a system related to the
aspects of teaching or the teaching and
preservation of its research in a particular field.

In terms of academic: Teaching and research


sustainability means maintaining the
characteristics of a sustainable campus through
the teaching faculty at a university that takes into
account the importance of environmental
preservation.
In terms of research: It should include the
environmental aspects and appropriate to maintain
the harmony of the environment, including in
terms of transport has always back and forth from
college to college students, in terms of vegetation
as shelter and other campus-related environment

HIGHER EDUCATION TOWARDS


SUSTAINABLE TEACHING & RESEARCH
According to Rohaty 2005, sustainability education refers to the
learning that is necessary to maintain and improve the quality of life for
future generations.
Environmental education and education for sustainable development in
teaching and research has shown the importance of equality in the
implementation of the environment through education. However, the
primary responsibility of an institution of higher education is to provide
students with the values of caring, knowledge, skills and the needs of
other values to create sustainability in themselves.
Universities have an important role in various disciplines to produce
graduates who have a deep understanding of the concept of
sustainability and has a high concern for the environment to produce
human capital that is useful to the state and religion.
Sustainable mind is the need to produce quality human capital and first
class mind. Therefore, the university should act towards sustainable
development in a variety of ways, including teaching, research,
management, planning, construction and other.

PROBLEMS AT UPSI
Transportation

Establishment of sustainable development at the campus


was made possible by encouraging citizens to adopt the
use of non-motorized modes of transportation on campus.
Use of motorized transport modes in the campus area more
vulnerable to gases such as carbon monoxide emissions
that pollute the environment.
According to Tan (2006) explained that the campus is
vulnerable to pollution emission has led to some hot spots
(hot spot area) and cold (cool spot area) as a result of
severe emissions by vehicles.
The use of vehicles such as buses, cars and motorcycles is
a contributor to air pollution in the vicinity of the campus.
It is thus able to emulate other universities to develop a
sustainable campus.

Landscape

Landscape in an area plays an important role in contributing to


the control of the temperature and the green itself.
Area with no trees will contribute to overheating. This incident
caused a lack of awareness among people about the
importance of preserving plants.
Structure also plays a role in the preservation of it. This is
because the combination of landscape elements to the
building is necessary because it can contribute to the green as
well as exploring the land for the construction of the campus.
No doubt the new campus is a new campus opened but is
irrelevant when we are not concerned with the preservation of
the environment.
Landscape in the classroom also plays a role of lecturers and
students. Comfort is also focused on classroom teaching and
learning process to be successful.
Maximizing sustainable concepts in the classroom seem dim
and concerns regarding the lack of a conducive environment
and save.

Timetable

This timetable aims to provide convenience to the lecturers


and students in teaching and learning to sit so as not to
overlap each other.
Provide facilities which are very important in imparting
knowledge on comfortable and perfect.
The problem arises when the increase college and fall
subject in college did not go so smoothly and
systematically.
This event occurs when students scrambling to add the
subject at a time and all students do so simultaneously.
This problem makes it difficult for students to add to the
subject than that required in the system.
Such registration hampers the students log in to the portal
registration.
Factors increasing the autumn subject also plays an
important role in the sustainability of road usage timetable
on campus. As a user table, sustainability should be

Research and Teaching


When applying the students with a sense of
environmental impact, which has courses in
ecology and sustainable energy is a must, but
the campus should also be used as a learning
laboratory.
Every student should be required to show at
least a general understanding of the ecology
and technology promoted on campus.
Using renewable energy, water conservation
systems, building design and advanced
technology or other sustainable on campus, not
only reduce environmental impact but also give
a good impression to the residences on
campus.

HOW TO OVERCOME THE


PROBLEM?
Change of mind is the mind that is sustainable lecturers
need to be positive in relation to the environment and
sustainable development in the teaching and learning
process. Lecturers themselves should have the
knowledge, concerns and awareness.
approach incorporating environmental and sustainable
development in each course that is not limited to only
the necessary curriculum.
This requires a serious discussion with the workshop to
be attended by lecturers from all departments in the
program.

Problem-based learning
Use of bicycles and pedestrian
mode to both campuses UPSI.
Improvements can be done by
taking students on each bus
stop provided in the campus.

SUSTAINABILITY TEACHING AND


RESEARCH
Sustainable Campus Model

University sustainability model represents a systematic


procedure how people responsible for sustainability initiatives in
the academic institutions that can provide the initial momentum
to start and continue a step further in the process of achieving
sustainable.
Involves the integration of sustainability in university activities of
teaching, research, operations and relationships with the external
community, thus creating a fully integrated system.
Advantage of the model is that it could potentially affect the
sustainability of conservation practices by those involved in the
institutions of higher education by recognizing, respecting,
studying, being critical and thus emulate.
Universities should make their own reforms in teaching, research,
faculty, appoint staff, development, operations, opportunities for
students, outreach, mission and structure of sound.
Integrating sustainability into all activities by adopting a holistic
and integrated approach.

Figure 1: Model of Higher Education


Sustainability as a Fully Integrated System
(Cortese, 2003)

Campus operations
Operations at the university campus will be the basis
to reduce the ecological footprint of institutions.
Refers to the environmental management system
Alshuwaikhat and Abubakar (2008), suggest three
strategies that can take the initiative to achieve
sustainability mission of the implementation of
environmental management systems (Environmental
Management System, EMS), public participation and
social responsibility, teaching and research on
sustainability.

Education

University of the moral responsibility to increase awareness,


knowledge, skills and values needed to create a fair and
sustainable future.
The main challenge in education is to identify, understand and
promote higher education initiatives towards sustainable
development.
universities should contribute to the transition towards a
sustainable society with a model of sustainable practices for
the community, to teach students the skills of integration,
synthesis and systems thinking and how to handle complex
issues necessary to meet the challenges of sustainability.
Wals and Corcoran (2006) provides recommendations for
integrating the principles of sustainable development in higher
education is a full implementation of the diversity of learning
styles, active participation, values, case study approach, the
social dimension of learning and learn to act.
Courses throughout the curriculum must show sustainability
topics such as globalization, ecology, social justice and

Research
Environmental issues, technological and
environmental innovations and alternatives to reduce
the negative impact on the ecology.
Universities should consider research for sustainable
development not just an academic exercise but also
rather as an important response to the crisis of
sustainability is growing rapidly and has become the
most important research agenda.
The study by Wass et al. (2010) has identified eight
characteristics of university research for sustainable
development.

Outreach
An effort by individuals in an organization or group to connect ideas or
practices to the efforts of other organizations, groups or the general public.
Alshuwaikhat and Abubakar (2008) suggested the campus community
outreach involving social justice and community service.
Social justice is concerned with promoting the dignity of justice, equality,
peace, security, human rights and the preservation of health
considerations.
Community service is concerned with the features and services awareness
community project, working with local communities to obtain the benefit of
the environment and to the campus as community centers to educate and
enlighten the community.
Calder and Clugston (2003) proposed an agreement between the
university and the institutions of government of the role and functions of
the university in relation to the sustainability of such an initiative is a
partnership in research and development.

SUSTAINABILITY TEACHING
AND RESEARCH ON UPSI
A comprehensive approach is capable to
optimize the role of the university as an
agent of change.
Perform on operations campus.
University research that will significantly
focus on sustainable development.
Disciplined, professional, liberal arts and
general education requirements at the
university should be applied to create a
sustainable campus.

PROPOSED GREEN CAMPUS


PROGRAM
UPSI itself must hold a teaching and research on
this issue so that all citizens UPSI understand
the concept of sustainability and apply to
become a cultural campus.
UPSI should have the Green Campus Program.
One of the core elements in the implementation
of the Green Campus Program is a human
being.
Teaching in the classroom and management of
the administration will be more systematic and
achieve sustainability on campus as desired.

Figure 3: Plan of the proposed Green Campus


Program in preserving the UPSI campus
through teaching and research

CONCLUSION
Sustainable university is an organization that has a
sustainability strategy that is flexible enough to take into
account the dynamics of internal and external environment,
proactive visionary management, strong organizational
culture, which is widely recognized prestige, enjoys the
support of the community.
Establishment of a sustainable campus is vital to ensure a
comfortable and healthy environment to the community.
Provision of proper facilities will further enhance the
students to preserve teaching and research and will
indirectly provide awareness to the university about the
importance of planning for a more sustainable campus and
harmony in order to protect the campus environment more
comfortable and harmonious.