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E-BOOK COLLECTION

DEVELOPMENT: FORMALIZING A
POLICY FOR SMALLER LIBRARIES
NASIG 30th Annual Conference
May 28, 2015
Ria Lukes
Technical Services Librarian
Indiana University Kokomo
rlukes@iuk.edu

Susanne Markgren
Digital Services Librarian
Purchase College, SUNY
susanne.markgren@purchase.ed
u

Angie Thorpe
Digital User Experience Librarian
Indiana University Kokomo
atthorpe@iuk.edu

Indiana University Kokomo


1 of 8 IU
Campuses
Technical
Services
Composition
IU Libraries
Sharing

Nursing, Business, Health Sciences


Baccalaureate General
FTE: 2,660

1 Technical Services Librarian


1 Digital User Experience Librarian
1 Technical Services Assistant
60% Electronic Resources Assistant

Separate acquisition budgets


1 ILS with shared records (server not
on-site)
Discovery services at 4 of 8 campuses

Source: Zawadzki, L. (2014). The laws of library science: As recorded and observed by the faculty and alumni of the Acme Upstairs library school.
[Slides]. Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/46144/the-laws-of-library-science-33574555

WHY?

PHILOSOPHY

IU Kokomo e-book philosophy

http://iuk.libguides.com/nasig

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Policy:
1 or 2?
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Own
vs.
PDA/DDA
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FINAL PRODUCT
Revised collection development policy with
Additions to general selection criteria
Revisions to selection criteria for digital collections
Added section on e-book specific criteria
Added section on DDA/PDA selection criteria

http://iuk.libguides.com/nasig

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Actions

DDA program through vendor using a

slip approval LC profile


PDA program totally mediated for
discovery selection and purchase

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MORAL OF THE STORY


Collection development policy still has
value in a digital world.
Collecting e-books may be fiscally advantageous, but the
ramifications on personnel and their responsibilities for all
of acquisition, cataloging, and access tasks have been
neglected.

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THEORY PRACTICE

Selection criteria for e-books


relevancy to the curriculum
appropriateness of the medium; suitability of form to content
strength of present holdings, in any format, in same or similar subject
timeliness of the material; lasting value of material
reputation of author, issuing body, and/or publisher
language; what foreign language materials are relevant to obtain?
expected demand; frequency of borrowed materials via ILL or request delivery; or suggested demand via a faculty request
price/relative cost of material in relation to the budget and other available materials
Cost in line with projected use
no textbooks, popular literature or fiction purchased as an e-book
accurate content
fills gaps in collection
vendor mandates no or reasonable restrictions
acceptable licensing agreements
reliable vendor with proven track record with e-books/customer support
vendor responsiveness to access problems
Annual hosting fees
Perpetual access rights with one-time purchase
customer support by vendor from purchase through continual access
ILL lending capabilities; electronic transfer of content permitted
Prompt invoicing; {weekly or monthly for DDA titles]
ADA compliant
provides Web access; ability to use medium with IP authentication or from off-campus via a proxy server
uses an intuitive& user-friendly interface
downloadable
easily accessible from multiple devices (both Apple and Android) as well as multiple browsers or apps
mobile friendly
offline use availability
offers value-added features such as keyword searching, browsing, highlighting, copy/paste, and printing
number of concurrent usersavailability to change a SUPO title to a MUPO title after initial purchase
How cumbersome is the requirement to create an account or to download required software
Conforms to developing interface standards
impact of open access models such as Knowledge Unlatched or Open Book Publishers
Subscribe or purchase?

CONTENT:

Implications: Now
78% of acquisitions budget
spent on electronic resources
E-preferred:
o Off-campus availability
o Usage statistics
o Perpetual access

DDA / PDA:
o Content with regular updates
o Flexibility
o Mediation
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Implications: Tomorrow (and beyond)

Unintended consequences:
New acquisition models
Who removes discovery records?
Who mediates acquisitions of
evidence-based purchases?

More coordination between


librarians
From where do MARC records come?
Where will discovery happen?
Floating responsibilities

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Is this what Tech Services will look like?


Technical
Services
Collections
Librarian
Print + e orders / Collection
development / Cataloging / Gov Docs

Systems
Librarian
Discovery service / Link resolver /
ERMS / Proxy server / Open repository

Collections
Support Staff

Systems
Support Staff

Order processing & receiving /


Cataloging support / Gov Docs support

Usage statistics / System


maintenance / Access troubleshooting

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Purchase College, SUNY


1 of 64
SUNY
Campuses
Technical
Services
Compositio
n
SUNY
Libraries
Sharing

The Arts: (dance, music, theatre arts, art +


design)
School of Liberal Arts & Sciences
FTE: 4,064

1
1
1
1

cataloger
acquisition assistant
part-time periodicals assistant
digital services librarian

Each campus has its own ILS instance,


servers hosted off site, no shared records
(yet)
Some consortial licensing of electronic
resources

Our Collection
75% of budget goes to
electronic resources
(databases, ejournals,
subscription-based
resources)
e-book subscriptions
(Credo, Gale, Oxford, etc.)
Photo Credit: zenobia_joy via Compfight cc

PDA Program - Pilot

Started in 2012
ebrary platform
Minimal curation
No short term loans
(STL)
Records not in
catalog
(unless purchased)
Photo Credit: Tobias Leeger via Compfight cc

PDA Program - Current


Implemented
STL
Edited
publishers
Lowered max
cost
Attempted to
add records to
EDS

105,000 avail. titles


222 triggers
60 purchases
(before STL)
3 purchases (after
STL)

E Curation
Promote e-books
for course reserves
Target faculty who
teach online courses
Alternative to
reference sources
Purchase any ebook requests (if $
feasible)
Photo Credit: El Bibliomata via Compfight cc

Time for a Policy

Photo Credit: Jonas Tana via


Compfight cc

(or Guidelines)

Why?
Change in
workflow
Assist selectors
Transparency
Succession
Evidence-based
(and data-driven)

Collection Development: Philosophy


The Purchase College Library evaluates, collects, and
provides access to materials that support the diverse and
changing nature of the curriculum (undergraduate and
graduate programs) and the research needs of the faculty,
students, and staff. Our goal is to provide materials that are
current, unique,and in-demand and to determine the best
format and platform for those materials to be delivered.
With a "just-in-time" rather than "just-in-case" approach to
collection development, we will do our best to meet the
needs of our primary constituents in a timely manner, and
to build a comprehensive, circulatingcollection of academic
resources in the visual/performing arts and the liberal arts
and sciences.

Collection Development: E-Books

E-books are preferred over print


versions when/if:
Requested by faculty/students/staff
For an online course
For course reserve
For an online student / commuter
student
A reference or multi-volume work
For high-demand items with a history of
theft
For textbook alternatives
To facilitate an immediate need

E-books are notpreferred over print


when/if:
Image-heavy books
Novels or popular titles
Graphic novels
Copies of faculty or staff publications
(library buys 2 print copies for collection)
We have the book in print (unless
requested to support an online course)
Cost-prohibitive ($150 +, unless
requested by faculty for a course; or a
reference work)

Collection Development: The Future


Use ILLiad as a
demand-driven,
data-driven
acquisitions
(mediated requests)
platform
Promote ebooks/ebrary to
faculty & students as
a get-it-now
service, or
undercover PDA

Photo Credit: AMsloan via Compfight cc

Questions

Ria Lukes
Technical Services Librarian
Indiana University Kokomo
rlukes@iuk.edu

Susanne Markgren
Digital Services Librarian
Purchase College Library, SUNY
susanne.markgren@purchase.edu

Angie Thorpe
Digital User Experience Librarian
Indiana University Kokomo
atthorpe@iuk.edu

Image credits
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