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2009 Uniform

Plumbing Code
Presentation

Purpose
To review the contents, exemptions,
exclusions and amendments
pertaining to the newly adopted
2009 Uniform Plumbing Code as the
Maine State Internal Plumbing Code.

Obtaining a 2009 Uniform


Plumbing Code
International Association of
Plumbing and Mechanical Officials
4755 E. Philadelphia Street
Ontario, CA 91761-2816
Telephone 909-472-4100 or 1-80085-IAPMO
www.iapmo.org

Web address to the


Plumbers Examining Board
www.maine.gov/professionallicensin
Rules
g

List of professions
Plumbers
Laws and rules
Rules chapter 4 Installation
Standards

Overview Statement
The Maine State Internal Plumbing
Code shall be the 2009 Uniform
Plumbing Code, with amendments
and exclusions.
Amendments and exclusions to the
Maine State Internal Plumbing Code
will be provided in Chapter 4 of the
Plumbers Examining Board Rules.

Overview continued
Chapter 1, 103.8.2. Wherever in this
code reference is made to an
appendix, the provisions in the
appendix shall not apply unless
specifically adopted.
The appendices are intended to
supplement the provisions of the
installation requirements of this code.

Chapter 1
Chapter One has been expanded and now
includes:
101.3 Plans Required
101.4 Scope
101.4.1.1 Repairs and Alterations
101.5 Application to Existing Plumbing Systems
102.2 Duties and Powers of the Authority
Having Jurisdiction
103.5 Inspections
103.5.3 Testing of Systems

Chapter 2
Definitions

a. The board does not adopt Chapter 205.0, Confined


Space.
b. The board does not adopt Chapter 207.0 Excess Flow
Valve (EFV).
c. The board does not adopt Chapter 208.0, Flammable
Vapor or Fumes.
d. The board amends Chapter 220.0, Roughing-In, as
follows:
(i) The installation of all parts of the plumbing system
that can be completed prior to the installation of
fixtures. This includes drainage, water supply, vent
piping, and the necessary fixture supports.
e. The board does not adopt Chapter 223.0,
Unconfined Space.

Chapter 2 additions
209.0 Gravity Grease Interceptors
Grease Interceptors
Grease Removal Devices
Hydromechanical Grease Interceptor
These definitions reflect changes
made to the grease interception
sections in Chapter 10.

New

Water Hammer
Arrestor

Chapter 3
General Regulations
a. The Board does not adopt section 313.12.3
Ratproofing
b. The board does not adopt 314.7 Hangers and
Supports for gas piping.
c. The board adopts Chapter 316.2.2, Unions, with
the following exception:

(i) Approved unions shall be permitted to be


used in drainage piping when accessibly located in
the trap seal or between a fixture and its trap in the
vent system, except underground or in wet vents,
and at any point in the water supply system, and in
gas piping as permitted by Section 1211.3.2(4).

d. The board does not adopt Chapter 320.0,


Medical Gas and Vacuum Systems.

Prohibite
d Fittings
and
Practices
311.1

Figure 3-15 Prohibited or Restricted Fittings

n 316.1.8 Pressure-Lock type


ction

Section 316.1.9 Pressed Fitting

Chapter 4
Plumbing Fixtures and
Fixture Fittings
Chapter 4 is adopted as written.

Changes from the 2000 Maine State Internal Plumbing


Code and the 2009 Uniform Plumbing Code include:
402.3.1 Non-Water Urinals-Waterless Urinals
402.4 Metered Faucets-Self Closing Faucets
407.5 Setting (Exceptions)
408.4 Closet rings moved from Chapter 7.
414.5 & 416.3 Limitation of hot water temperature for
public lavatories and bidets.
418.0 Shower and Tub-Shower Combination Control
Valves shall be of the anti-scald type.
Expansion of table 4-1 to include Retail or Wholesale
Stores and smaller-type Public or professional buildings.

402.3.1 Non-water
Urinals
Shall be listed and comply with the
applicable standards referenced in Table
14-1. Shall have a barrier liquid sealant
to maintain a trap seal.
Shall permit the uninhibited flow of waste
through the urinal to the sanitary
drainage system. Shall be cleaned and
maintained in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions after
installation.
Shall have a water distribution line

Prohibited Fixtures
405.0
No WC with invisible seal or walls that
are not thoroughly washed at each
discharge
Trough urinals and urinals with an
invisible seal shall be prohibited.
Exception: Non-water urinals.

Setting Water
Closet 407.5

15" to center from


side wall
30" center to center
Set level
24" space in front
Flush-o-meter
vacuum breaker 6"
above highest part
of fixture

408.2.2
WC for public use shall be
elongated:
For children shall be of suitable
size:
Seats:
Smooth non-absorbent
All seats must be open
front except within

Setting
Urinals
407.5
12" from side
wall
24" center to
center
Flushometer
vacuum breaker
critical level
minimum 6"
above the

Excepti
on:

The installation of paper


dispensers or
accessibility grab
bars
:
shall not be considered
obstructions

411.7 Minimum size shower 1024


square inches
Exception No. 1:
Showers that are
designed to
comply with ICC A117.1
Exception No. 2:
The minimum required area and
dimension shall not apply where
an existing bathtub is replaced by
a shower receptor having
minimum overall dimensions of 30
inches (750 mm) in width and 60

Hot Water Temperature for Public


Lavatories
Hot413.1
water delivered from
public use lavatories shall be
limited to a maximum
temperature of 120F by a
device that conforms to ASSE
1070 or CSA B125.3.
The water heater thermostat
shall not be considered a
control for meeting this
provision:

Hot Water Temperature

Average shower
=
100 F
Cold shower
= 95 F
Hot shower
= 105 F
Very hot shower
=
110 F
Normal threshold of pain =

Chapter 5
Water Heaters
Chapter 5, Water Heaters
a. The board only adopts the following two
sections of Chapter 5. All other sections of
Chapter 5 the board does not adopt.
(i) Chapter 506.4, Indirect-Fired Water
Heaters, which includes 506.4.1 and
506.4.2.
(ii)
Chapter 508.0, Other Water Heater
Installation Requirements, which includes
508.1, 508.2, 508.3, 508.4 and 508.5.

Chapter 6
Water Supply and
Chapter 6 is
adopted as written.
Distribution

Changes between the 2000 Maine State


Internal Plumbing Code and the 2009
Uniform Plumbing Code include.
Expansion of Tables 6-2 & 6-3, backflow
prevention devices and 6-4, materials.
605.5 Control valves on parallel water
distribution systems.
608.7 Vacuum Relief Valves
Tables 6-7 and 6-8

601.0 Hot and Cold Water Required.

In occupancies where plumbing


fixtures are
installed for private use, hot water
shall be required
for bathing, washing, laundry,
cooking purposes,
dishwashing or maintenance. In
occupancies where
plumbing fixtures are installed for
public use, hot
water shall be required for bathing

TABLE 6-2
Has been expanded to
include a new format and
additional information:
1.Device, assembly. Or
method
2.Applicable standards
3.Pollution (low hazard)
4.Contamination (high
hazard)

TABLE 6-4
Has been expanded to include
a new format and additional
information:
1.Material
2.Building supply and fittings
3.Water distribution pipe and
fittings
4.Referenced Standards

605.5 A control valve shall be


installed immediately ahead of each
water-supplied appliance and
immediately ahead of each slip joint
or appliance supply. Parallel water
distribution systems shall provide
a control valve either
immediately ahead of each
fixture being supplied or installed
at the manifold and shall be
identified with the fixture being
supplied.

Section 608.2 Excessive Water


Pressure
(new portion of)

An approved expansion tank shall


installed
in the cold water distribution piping
downstream of each such regulato
prevent
excessive pressure from developing
thermal expansion and to maintain
pressure

608.7 Vacuum Relief


Valves. Where a hot-water
storage tank or an indirect
water heater is located at
an elevation above the
fixture outlets in the hot
water system, a vacuum
relief valve shall be
installed on the storage
tank or heater.

609.10 Water Hammer.

Building water supply systems whe


quickacting valves are installed shall be
provided
with water hammer arrester(s) to a
high
pressures resulting from the quick
of
these valves. Water hammer arrest
be

TABLE 6-8
Sizing of Residential Water
Softeners
Required Size of
Number of Bathroom
Softener Connection
Groups Served1
3/4 in.
up to 2 (#2)
1 in.
up to 4 (#3)
1 Installation of a kitchen sink and
dishwasher, laundry
tray, and automatic clothes washer
permitted without
additional size increase.

Chapter 7
Sanitary Drainage
Chapter 7 is adopted as written.
Changes between the 2000 Maine
State Internal Plumbing Code and the
2009 Uniform Plumbing Code include.
Table 7-1 Materials for Drain, Waste,
Vent Piping and Fittings.
712.0 Testing Media. Plastic pipe shall
not be tested with air.
Policy Statement:

Plumbers Examining Board


March 9, 2011
Policy Statement
The Plumbers Examining Board will allow the
testing of plastic schedule 40 (DWV) (drainage,
waste, vent) piping systems with 5 psi maximum
of air. For safety purposes, when testing with
air, an approved 6 psi relief valve is required.
Co-extruded ABS and PVC schedule 40 (cellular
core) piping systems with referenced standards
ASTM F1488 and ASTMF 891 shall not be tested
with air.

TABLE 7-1
Materials for Drains, Waste, Vent
pipe and Fittings. New format
and Additional information:
1.Underground DWV
2.Aboveground DWV
3.Building Sewer
4.Referenced Standards (pipe)
5.Referenced Standards (fittings)
Page 126 of the 2009 UPC.

Sumps and
Receiving Tanks
710.9
Dual
pumps in public use
occupancies shall have an
audio and visual alarm,
readily accessible, that
signals pump failure or an
overload.

712.0 Testing.
712.1 Media. The piping of the
plumbing, drainage, and venting
systems shall be tested with water or
air. The Authority Having Jurisdiction
shall be permitted to require the
removal of any cleanouts, etc., to
ascertain
whether the pressure has reached all
parts of the system. After the
plumbing fixtures have been set and
their traps filled with water, they shall

Chapter 8
Indirect Wastes
Chapter 8 can be adopted as written.
There are no major changes between
the 2000 Maine State Internal
Plumbing Code and the 2009
Uniform Plumbing Code.
Point of concern:
814.0 Condensate waste and
disposal

811.2 Each waste pipe receiving or


intended to
receive the discharge of any fixture
into which acid or corrosive chemical
is placed, and each vent pipe
connected thereto, shall be
constructed of Chlorinated Poly(vinylchloride) (CPVC), Polypropylene (PP),
Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF),
chemical-resistant glass, high-silicon
iron pipe, or lead pipe with a wall
thickness of not less than one-eighth

Chapter 9
Vents
a. The board adopts Chapter 906.0, Vent
Terminations, with the following amendments:

(i) 906.1. Each vent pipe or stack shall extend


through its flashing and shall terminate vertically not
less than six (6) inches (152 mm) two (2) feet above the
roof nor less than one (1) foot (305 mm) from any
vertical surface.

(ii) 906.3. Vent pipes shall be extended separately


or combined, of full required size, not less than six (6)
inches (152mm) two (2) feet above the roof or fire wall.
Flagpoling of vents shall be prohibited except where
the roof is used for purposes other than weather
protection. Vents within ten (10) feet (3,048 mm) of any
part of the roof that is used for such other purposes
shall extend not less than seven (7) feet (2,134 mm)
above such roof and shall be securely stayed.

Chapter 9
Vents
(iii)
906.7. Frost or Snow Closure. Where
frost or snow closure is likely to occur in
locations having minimum design temperature
below 0F (-17.8C), vent terminals shall be not
less than two (2) inches (50 mm) in diameters,
but in no event small than the required vent
pipe. The change in diameter shall be made
inside the building not less than one (1) foot
(305 mm) below the roof in an insulated space
and terminate not less than ten (10) inches
(254 mm) two (2) feet above the roof, or as
required by the Authority Having Jurisdiction.

Chapter 9 Changes
901.2 Trap Seal Protection
908.2 Horizontal Wet Venting for
Bathroom Groups
908.2.2 Vent Connection
908.2.3 Size of the wet vent
911.0 Engineered Vent System
911.2 Minimum Requirements of an
engineered vent system.

901.2 Trap Seal


Protection.
The vent system shall be
designed to prevent a trap
seal from being exposed
to a pressure differential
that exceeds one (1) inch
of a water column (249
Pa) on the outlet side of

908.2 Horizontal Wet Venting for Bathroom


Groups.
908.2.1 Where Permitted. Water closets,
bathtubs, showers and floor drains within one (1)
or two (2) bathroom groups located on the same
floor level and for private use shall be permitted
to be vented by a wet vent. The wet vent shall be
considered the vent for the fixtures and shall extend
from the connection of the dry vent along the direction
of the flow in the drain pipe to the most downstream
fixture drain or trap arm connection to the horizontal
branch drain. Each wet-vented fixture drain or trap
arm shall connect independently to the wetvented horizontal branch drain. Each individual
fixture drain or trap arm shall connect horizontally to
the wet-vented horizontal branch drain or shall be
provided with a dry vent. The trap to vent distance
shall be in accordance with Table 10-1. Only the
fixtures within the bathroom groups shall connect to
the wet-vented horizontal branch drain. The water
closet fixture drain or trap arm connection to the wet

908.2.2 Vent Connection. The dry


vent connection to the wet vent
shall be an individual vent or
common vent for the lavatory,
urinal, bidet, shower, or bathtub.
Only one (1) wet-vented fixture
drain or trap arm shall discharge
upstream of the dry-vented fixture
drain connection.
908.2.3 Size. The wet vent shall be
sized based on the fixture unit
discharge into the wet vent. The wet
vent shall be not less than two (2)
inches (50 mm) in diameter for four
(4) dfu or less, and not less than
three (3) inches (80 mm) in

Chapter 10
Traps and Interceptors
Chapter 10 can be adopted as written.
Changes between the 2000 Maine State Internal
Plumbing Code and the 2009 Uniform Plumbing
Code include.
Table 10-1
1004.1 Prohibited traps
1014.0 through 1014.3.7 Grease Interceptors and
Hydromechanical Grease Interceptors. Including
tables
10-2 & 10-3
1015.0 FOG (Fats, Oils, and Greases) Disposal
System.

Traps vs. Interceptors

Nomenclature Clarification
Recent
changes in codes and standards to clarify
mixed terms.
Trap has been eliminated in ASME
Standards,
Uniform plumbing Code (UPC), and
Canadian Standards Association
(CSA).
The International Plumbing Code (IPC)
Interceptor is deemed to be a more
inclusive term
Interceptor allows for a more precise
distinction between devices.

The Hydromechanical Grease


Interceptor design type incorporates air
entrapment, the buoyancy of grease in
water and hydro mechanical separation
with interior baffling for grease, FOG (fats,
oils and grease) separation .
Hydromechanical Grease
Interceptors continuously separate
the FOG (fats, oils and grease) at the
velocity it enters the interceptor.
The size of Hydromechanical Grease
Interceptor is expressed in the
gallons per minute flow (GPM) that
the grease interceptor can accept and
still remove 90 % plus, of the Fog

SIZING OF HYDROMECHANICAL
GREASE INTERCEPTORS:

The Uniform Plumbing Code


(UPC) has two methods.
1. Using Gravity Flow Rates
(Table 10-2
2. Using Fixture Capacity
(Table 10-2)

TABLE 102
Hydro-mechanical Interceptor Sizing Using Gravity Flow Rates 1
Size of Grease Interceptor
Diameter of
Grease
Waste Pipe

Maximum Full
Pipe
Flow (gpm)2

One-Minute
Drainage
Period (gpm)

Two-Minute
Drainage
Period (gpm)

20

20

10

60

75

35

125

150

75

230

250

125

375

500

250

For interceptor sizing by fixture capacity see the example below.


2
1/4 (.240) slope per foot based on Mannings formula with friction
factor N = .012
1

The Gravity Grease Interceptor design


type
incorporates two or more compartments in
series, a
minimum volume of 500 gallons and uses
its larger
volume of water to slow the flow velocity
down
allowing the time required for simple
buoyancy of
grease, FOG (fats, oils and grease) in water
to cause
separation. That is why the physical size of
the
Gravity Grease Interceptor is so much
greater than
the physical size of the Hydromechanical

The discharge from food grinders


(garbage disposals) is almost
universally required to bypass the
grease interceptor.
The food grinder (and the associated
pre-rinse station at the dishwasher )
is one of the single greatest sources
of FOG. Yet despite that fact, most
codes forbid food grinders discharge
from passing through a grease
interceptor.

Chapter 11
Storm Drainage
Chapter 11, Storm Drainage
a. The board does not adopt Chapter 1101.5, Subsoil Drains.
b. The board does not adopt Chapter 1101.6, Building
Subdrains..
c. The board does not adopt Chapter 1101.7, Areaway
Drains.
d. The board does not adopt Chapter 1101.8, Window
Areaway Drains.
e. The board does not adopt Chapter 1101.9, Filling Stations
and Motor
Vehicle Washing Establishments.
f. The board does not adopt Chapter 1101.10, Paved Areas.
g. The board does not adopt Chapter 1102.5, Subsoil Drains.
h. The board does not adopt Chapter 1106.3, Size of Roof
Gutters.
i. The board does not adopt Table 11-3, Size of Gutters.

Chapter 12
Fuel Piping
Chapter 12, Fuel Piping. The board
does not adopt Chapter 12, Fuel
Piping.

Chapter 13
Health Care facilities and
Medical
Gas
and
Vacuum
Chapter 13, Health Care Facilities
and MedicalSystems
Gas and Vacuum

Systems. The board does not adopt


Chapter 13, Health Care Facilities
and Medical Gas and Vacuum
Systems.

Chapter 14
Referenced Standards Table
Chapter 14 is adopted
14-1 as written.
Changes between the 2000 Maine
State Internal Plumbing Code and
the 2009 Uniform Plumbing Code
include.
Expanded listings and listing agency
references.

Chapter 15
Firestop Protection
Chapter 15 is adopted in its entirety.

Chapter 16
Nonpotable Water Reuse
Systems
(9) Chapter
16, Nonpotable

Water Reuse Systems.


a. The board does not adopt Part I,
Gray Water Systems, in its entirety.

Chapter 16
Nonpotable Water Reuse
Systems
The board adopts reclaimed water
Part II
system in its entirety.
Reclaimed Water Systems

Part II
1613.0 Reclaimed Water Systems
General.
(A) The provisions of Part II of this
chapter shall apply to the
installation, construction,
alteration, and repair of reclaimed
water systems intended to supply
uses such as water closets, urinals,
trap primers for floor drains, floor
sinks, irrigation, industrial
processes, water features and
other uses approved by the
Authority Having Jurisdiction.
Potable water supplied as makeup

D) A reclaimed water system


shall be designed by a person
registered or licensed to perform
plumbing design work.
(

1614.0 Definitions.
Reclaimed Water - Nonpotable
water the meets or as a result
of treatment, meets federal
requirements for its intended
uses. The level of treatment

1617.0 Pipe Material/Pipe


Identification.
Reclaimed water systems
shall comply with Sections
1617.1 and 1617.2.
1617.1 Pipe Materials.
Reclaimed water pipe, valves
and fittings shall conform to
the requirements of Sections

1617.2 Color and Information.


Reclaimed water
systems shall have a purple background
with black
uppercase lettering with the words
CAUTION:
1618.0 Installation
RECLAIMEDWATER, DO NOT DRINK.
1619.0 Signs.
(A) Commercial, Industrial and
Institutional Room
Entrance
Signs. All rooms in commercial,
industrial, and institutional occupancies
using reclaimed water for water closets

Appendix A-L
The provisions in the appendices
shall not apply and shall be used
only as a reference or guideline.

Addresses

dana.c.tuttle@maine.go
v
bruce.a.greeley@maine.
gov
Physical Address:
78 Northern Avenue
Gardiner, Maine 04345
Mailing address:
#35 State House
Station