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VLSI Education in India

Dr. Partha Pratim Das


Interra Systems (India) Pvt. Ltd.

May 13, 2005

India does not need a fabrication facility, but it does need a


training program for chip design.

Jaswinder S. Ahuja, Corporate VP & MD, Cadence India.


EETimes, Nov 03, 2004

Agenda

VLSI Chronology
India Advantage
Government Initiatives
Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Education
Actors for Change

13-May

VLSI Education and R&D A


Chronology
1979-80
Introduction to VLSI System Design by
Mead and Conway in 1980
VLSI Design courses based on MC by some
IITs.
Adoption of the books methodology by TIFR
and CEERI for their design R&D work.
Concurrently, MOS technology development
related R&D work was being pursued at TIFR,
CEERI and IITs.
13-May

VLSI Education in India - Cha

VLSI Chronology
1980-81
Setting up of SCL and the VLSI Task Force by
GoI.

1981-82
First commercial interactive layout design system
(among academic and R&D institutes) installed at
CEERIs Delhi Centre under UNDP support.

Mid 1980s
Evolution of focused integrated electronics and circuits
oriented ME/MTech degree programmes at IITs.
13-May

VLSI Education in India - Cha

VLSI Chronology
1985-86
First multinational company, TI, sets up its R&D
Centre in India (for EDA tool development and
software verification).

1986-87
First real application of Mead-Conway methodology to
design a full custom LSI processor the PWM
processor for variable frequency AC drives at CEERI,
Pilani together with UCL, Belgium (under UNDP
support).
13-May

VLSI Education in India - Cha

VLSI Chronology
1987-88
Setting up of Academic and R&D VLSI Design Centres
at IITs and CEERI under an initiative of DoE.
Academic Centres equipped with
Sun workstations
VTI tools (an integrated tool-set for full-custom and semicustom logic, circuit and layout design and verification)
Semi-custom design tool Vinyas developed by ITI that ran
on a particular brand of PC (the OMC PC-286 and PC-386).

10 industrial VLSI Design Centres were also set up by


DoE 5 under the charge of SCL and 5 under the
charge of ITI.
13-May

VLSI Education in India - Cha

VLSI Chronology
1987-88
Start of VLSI Design Workshop and
International Conference.

1989
VSI Formed to foster education and research in
VLSI

13-May

VLSI Education in India - Cha

VLSI Chronology
Early 1990s
Successful chip design-developments by
academic-R&D design centers :
CEERI (for C-DoT) using VTI tools and VTI
foundry.
IIT-Kharagpur and Jadavpur University using
Vinyas tools and ITI foundry.

1994
Introduction of VHDL in the Indian academia
and R&D.
13-May

VLSI Education in India - Cha

VLSI Chronology
1997
Start of the first industry-sponsored MTech
programme VLSI Design, Tools and
Technologies (VDTT) programme at IIT-Delhi
sponsored by Philips and co-sponsored by a
number of other industries.
Subsequently, TCS supports a MTech degree
programme at IIT-Bombay.

13-May

VLSI Education in India - Cha

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VLSI Chronology
1998
DoE/MIT project Special Manpower
Development for VLSI Design and Related
Software (SMDP): 9th plan.
Start of VLSI Design & Test Workshop
(VDAT).

Around 2000 & Beyond


Boom in Design Industry with every major
setting up or trying to set up shops in India
13-May

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VLSI Chronology
2002
Advanced VLSI Laboratory at IIT Kharagpur in
collaboration with Natsem, Intel, Synopsys.

2004
ISA Launched

2005
Ganapati VLSI Laboratory at BESU, Kolkata
VLSI Mtech Program at Radio Physics, CU,
Kolkata
13-May

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VLSI Challenges Evolution of


VLSI Design Scenario
Year

1985

Team
Size (At
Peak)

2-3

Effort
(ManYears)

Nature of
Product

MDI*

3-5

ASICs for

0.2
0.4

1990

10-12

10-15

Glue Logic
ASP, Chip-sets

1995

30-50

30-50

ASP, Analog,

0.7

Mixed-Signal
RF, MEMS, SoC

0.9

2000

100-200

100-200

2005+

200

500

13-May

Mix of all into a


Complex SoC

VLSI Education in India - Cha

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1.0

13

Where are we today?


Many major design companies (count the
subsidiary industry as well) have an India
Center
Many more are working on a plan to setup
Every India Center has a very aggressive
growth plan

13-May

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Why India?
India Operations were fuelled by
Cost Advantages
Availability of an English speaking, electronaware technical community

India Operations have been supported by


Positive Policy adoption
Improving service attitude

13-May

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Why not India?


India Operations are being deterred by
Spiraling Costs
Weakening Infrastructure
Aggressive poaching

India is failing to deliver in


Quality Man-Power
Quantity Man-Power

13-May

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Government Initiatives

SMDP: Phase I
Started 1998
Goals

Market share for VLSI design from 0.5%


to 5%

13-May

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SMDP: Phase I
Salient Characteristics

19 Participating Institutes

7 Resource Center (RC), 12 Participating Institutes


(PI)

Rs. 15 Crores budget for 5 years


Training of Faculty at PIs
Setting up VLSI Labs
Development of learning material
Teaching courses
13-May

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SMDP I: Man-Power
Type-I:
PhD in Microelectronics.

Type-II:
MTech (VLSI Design / Microelectronics) graduate from PIs
250-300 / yr.

Type-III:
MTech graduate of other electronics disciplines
(communications, control, . . . ) with at least two relevant
VLSI courses.

Type-IV:
BTech of EE/ECE/CS exposed to two basic VLSI design
courses.

13-May

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SMDP I: RC & PI

IIT, Chennai
IIT, Delhi
IIT, Kanpur
IIT, Kharagpur
IIT, Bombay
IISc, Bangalore
CEERI, Pilani

13-May

North
BHU-IT, Varanasi
IIT, Roorki
Thapar Institute of Tech. Patiala
South
KREC, Surathkal
REC, Warangal
PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore
West
MREC, Jaipur
VREC, Nagpur
Shri G.S. Inst. Of Tech. & Sc., Indore
East
Bengal Engineering College, Howrah
Jadavpur University, Kolkata
REC, Rourkela
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SMDP: Phase II
Report prepared by TCS & IIT Bombay
Promoting Microelectronic Education
The Indian Imperative
32 Institutes Identified in report
7 RC
25 PI

Budget: Rs. 50 Crores / 5 Years


13-May

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SMDP: Phase II
Resource Centers (7)

IIT Chennai, Delhi, Kharagpur, Mumbai & Kanpur,


IISc Bangalore, CEERI Pilani

Participating Institutes (25)

IIT Roorkee & Guwahati, Warangal, Surathkal,


Tiruchirapalli, Rourkela, Motilal Nehru REC,
Allahabad, B.R. Ambedkar REC, Jalandhar, Surat
Nagpur, Hamirpur, Silchar, Kurukshetra, Calicut,
Jaipur, Durgapur, Bhopal, Srinagar, Jamshedpur
BEC, Jadavpur, G.S. I.T.S, Indore, Thapar,
Patiala BHU-IT, PSG, Coimbatore

13-May

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SMDP: Phase II
Salient Characteristics

Continued VLSI Lab setup support (EDA SW,


HW)
Support for hiring 2 faculty members / institute
Travel support for presenting papers
Leverage SCL India Chip program
Model Course Curriculum
Access to IEEE Explore
Plan for national website for public domain EDA
software

13-May

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Academic Estimates
Institutes offering ME/MTech degree in VLSI /
Microelectronics discipline
6 (IITs and IISc)
10 (NITs and Other) Institutes.

Estimated Man-Power

Total Core Faculty Pool Size : 60-70


Type-I Manpower/year : 8-12
Type-II Manpower/year : 250-300
Type-III Manpower/year : 150-200
Type-IV Manpower/year : 1,000-1,200

13-May

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Widening Gap

VSI Opinion Polls


How many B.Tech/B.E. students with
specialization in Semiconductors/VLSI do
you think will be needed on an annual basis
by 2010?

Less than 5000


5000 7500
7500 10000
10,000 or more

13-May

VDAT yahoogroups.com. As on

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VSI Opinion Polls


How many B.Tech/B.E. students with
specialization in Semiconductors/VLSI do
you think will be needed on an annual basis
by 2010?

Less than 5000: 23%


5000 7500: 35%
7500 10000: 16%
10,000 or more: 24%

13-May

VDAT yahoogroups.com. As on

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VSI Opinion Polls


How many PG students with specialization
in Semiconductors/VLSI do you think will
be needed (annually) by 2010?

Less than 500


500 1000
1000 2000
2000 3000
More than 3000

13-May

VDAT yahoogroups.com. As on

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VSI Opinion Polls


How many PG students with specialization
in Semiconductors/VLSI do you think will
be needed (annually) by 2010?

Less than 500: 1%


500 1000: 12%
1000 2000: 26%
2000 3000: 16%
More than 3000: 43%

13-May

VDAT yahoogroups.com. As on

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VSI Opinion Polls


What is the number of B.Tech students
graduating today with some specialization
in Semiconductors/VLSI to take up a
profession in the VLSI area?

Less than 1000


1000 2000
2000 3000
3000 4000
More than 4000

13-May

VDAT yahoogroups.com. As on

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VSI Opinion Polls


What is the number of B.Tech students
graduating today with some specialization
in Semiconductors/VLSI to take up a
profession in the VLSI area?

Less than 1000: 52%


1000 2000: 13%
2000 3000: 23%
3000 4000: 2%
More than 4000: 7%

13-May

VDAT yahoogroups.com. As on

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VSI Opinion Polls


What is the number of M.Tech students
graduating today with specialization in
Semiconductors/VLSI to take up a
profession in VLSI?
Less than 500
500 1000
More than 1000

13-May

VDAT yahoogroups.com. As on

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VSI Opinion Polls


What is the number of M.Tech students
graduating today with specialization in
Semiconductors/VLSI to take up a
profession in VLSI?
Less than 500: 66%
500 1000: 27%
More than 1000: 6%

13-May

VDAT yahoogroups.com. As on

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Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Education


March 12, 2005

Compiled by: Dr. C P Ravikumar, TI & Secy, VSI

What constitutes Talent in


VLSI ?

Device Physics, VLSI Technology, Fabrication


Transistor-level Circuit Knowledge
Analog and mixed signal design, RF
Design Digital Design (HDL)
Synthesis
Verification (Simulation, Formal Verification, )
EDA
DFT
Applications
Signal Processing
Networks
Embedded Systems

13-May

Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Educat

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Goals of University Industry


Interaction
Talent Pool Generation growing the right
kind of talent
VLSI is a fast growing field and curriculum
updates cannot keep pace

Research Collaboration

Funded projects
Start-ups
Papers
Patents

13-May

Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Educat

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What is Industry saying?


Insufficient talent pool quality is lacking

Graduating students are not industry-ready


Productivity Issue
Related to attrition
Hiring experienced persons from outside India
Motivation factor
Should we rework the curriculum?

13-May

Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Educat

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What is Industry saying?


Public-domain tools are enough
Emphasize small projects and assignments
in the course
Placement is disorganized students
interested in electronics are getting placed
in software jobs
Target M.Tech and Ph.D. programs?
Students graduating from M.Tech programs are
not industry ready
13-May

Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Educat

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VSI Surveys
Numbers where are we today and where
are we headed?
Electronics and Communications
Computer Science/Engineering

Both B.Tech level and Specialized man


power (M.Tech)
Quality of man power
Survey results available from vdat
yahoogroups
13-May

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Projected Requirements
3000 persons required in 2006
500 experienced
2500 fresh engineers (100 companies)
150 M.Techs from IIT
150 B.Techs from IIT

13-May

Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Educat

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Whats Industry Ready?


Fundamentals
Frequently not answered questions: setup and
hold delay, RC circuit operation,

Ability to grasp concepts


If the student has understood what was taught
in the curriculum, (s)he can be trained
Training is different from education
Industry does not expect VHDL and Verilog
knowledge from students! That would be a
bonus.
13-May

Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Educat

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Whats Industry Ready?


Applying concepts
Basic computer skills
At least one programming language, OS skills,

Bonus: Exposure to TCL/TK, Perl, etc.

Soft skills (team work, )

13-May

Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Educat

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What should be emphasized,


what should not
To be emphasized

CMOS circuit design


Electronic Design Flow
Effect of Interconnects
Design Timing
Test and Verification

Emphasize less
BJT can be emphasized less

Electives
13-May

Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Educat

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Debate Talent that is coming out of


the Universities is not industry-ready
Strongly Disagree
The curriculum is already strong on
fundamentals

13-May

Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Educat

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Debate Talent that is coming out of


the Universities is not industry-ready
Strongly Agree
Curriculum cannot be changed too often
Less resources are available for faculty recruitment, lab
infrastructure, tools
Exposure to circuit design and semiconductors lacking
(both students and faculty)
Students see more glamour in software/There are more
opportunities in software
Readymade kits
Less industry interaction (visits from industry and
faculty internship programs)
Lack of motivation (device physics is less attractive)
Exams give little choice of learning

13-May

Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Educat

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Academias Concerns
If industry wants high quality, let them pay for it
Indian semiconductor/VLSI industries are not
coming forward for Project training, ideas, data,
guidance
Take faculty for deputation
Need long-term projects
Does any Indian semiconductor industry even
want anything from the academia (other than
students?)
Make this a win-win situation for all concerned
(students, industry AND faculty)
13-May

Jaipur Workshop on VLSI Educat

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Actors for Change

Actors for Change

Government
Industry
Academia
VSI VLSI Society of India
ISA India Semiconductor Association

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. G

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IT WB
VLSI Design Park

Near Kharagpur IIT Campus, Kolkata


100 to 150 acres of land
20 to 30 million dollar in investment.
To house companies in development, manufacturing and assembly
line.
Directly linked with R&D at IIT
Joint Proposer - Mr. Deb Gupta, CTO of APSTL advanced Packaging
& System Technology Laboratories, USA and an IIT Alumni.
The state government is facilitating for
Funds - Meetings with Consul General of Japan, Kolkata and Embassy
of Japan, Delhi (by APSTL, US, IIT, Kharagpur and IT WB) have been
held.
Land considering favorably

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. G

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Academia-Industry JV
BITS-RIT APEX (Applied research and professional
Excellence):

BITS Pilani
New York based Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT)
Indian Semiconductor Association (ISA).
Applied research lab in Bangalore
Focus on cutting edge semi-conductor research and would also
have basic and advanced courses.
BITS is investing around Rs 1.5 crore into the center
Come up in July.

Indicative Several other initiatives coming up


13-May

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VSI VLSI Society of India

VSI: VLSI Society of India


The purpose of VSI is to contribute and promote the advancement of all
aspects of VLSI technology, primarily in India:
To promote all areas relating to VLSI field - materials, technology, process,
design, application CAD/Design Automation, VLSI architectures,
education, policies, etc.
To bring wide class of professionals from process technologies to
specialists in VLSI architectures on one platform.
To provide impetus to infrastructural growth for technology development.
To provide impetus to human resources development.
Conduct periodic seminars/conferences/workshops in this area.
To bring out quality publications.
To continually formulate national goals for a sustained and vibrant VLSI
industry.
To evolve standards and frameworks for achieving effective synergy.
To establish relations with other similar associations, national or
international.

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VSI Activities
Regular Activities
VLSI Design Conference (every Jan)
VLSI Design and Test Symposium (every Aug)
VLSI Education Day (every Aug)

Other Activities
Curriculum Discussions, Surveys
Focused workshops (Low Power, Memory, DFT, ...)
VLSI Education Workshops

Publications
VSI Newsletter
Journal of the VSI

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ISA India Semiconductor Association

ISA: India Semiconductor


Association
Setup in Nov. 2004 at IT.com at Bangalore
ISA is the premier national-level body for the
semiconductor technology-driven industry in
India. Its a new entity and truly a global body
with the active participation of semiconductor
companies from the leading markets, including the
US, EU and Asia.
Vision
To establish India as the preferred global hub for
excellence in creation of semiconductor products
through technology leadership
13-May

ISA Website - http://www.isaonl

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ISA: Mission & Objectives


The primary objective of ISA is to act as a catalyst for the growth
of the semiconductor industry in India. Other objectives include:
Create global awareness for Indian semiconductor industry outside of
the generic IT umbrella
Create a win-win interaction amongst Semiconductor product and
services companies, Government, Academia, VCs and Industry
bodies
Create an enabling ecosystem that catalyzes industrys growth and
leadership
Enhance Operational Efficiency
Identification of Investment opportunities
Foster active collaboration between Industry and Universities to
further expand the available world-class Semiconductor talent pool
Drive technology vision for the Semiconductor industry

13-May

ISA Website - http://www.isaonl

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ISA: University Gateway


Initiative (UGI)
Objectives

Invigorate research in semiconductors


Technology Leadership

Create sustainable tread-mill for talent


generation
Growth of India Semiconductor Industry

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Focus


Focus Areas

Research
Design Support & Fab access
Student projects
Faculty training, support, exchange
Placement
Curriculum / Course ware development
VSI, MCIT collaboration

Membership
Mentorship
Other Items
13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Research


Research papers in international conferences
An award system to create incentives
Travel grants for international conferences

Create a SRC like forum

Participation from Industry & Universities


Identify key thrust areas of research
Invite & fund research proposals

Publish a list of interesting research problems

Similar to top 10 problems in Physical Design from ISPD

Arrange visits / talks from leading researchers

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Research


Technnovation Initiative
ISA-Technnovation Shield
Awarded every year to an Academic Institution that excels in
Technology Innovations in semiconductors and related areas

ISA-Technnomentor of the Year


Awarded every year to a faculty member for outstanding
contribution in Technology Innovations in semiconductors and
related areas

ISA-Technnovators of the Year


Awarded every year to top 5 students in the country with
outstanding performance in technology innovation in
semiconductors and related areas

Patents and Research Publications as the yard sticks


for technology innovation

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Research


Technnovation Initiative
ISA-Technnowhizkids of the Year

Semiconductor Industry aims to emerge as future for our nation


and so are the young children in the school
The idea is to catch them young
ISA will partner with leading assessment institutions to create a
nationwide contest on innovative thinking
Top 5 school children will be awarded ISA Technnowhizkids of the
Year Award

ISA PhD Fellowships

An incentive program to support top talent to pursue research in


India
Will help fund the core research and provide financial
scholarships to PhD students and their guides
Will facilitate research collaboration with other nations in the world

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Research


Technnovation Initiative
Life Time Achievement Award for
Technnovation
Awarded to a distinguished academician / researcher for
significant contribution to Technology Innovations in India
in the field of semiconductors and related areas

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Design Activity


Support

EDA Software

Leverage Infrastructure created by SMDP/MCIT


Work with MCIT to create a web portal for public domain tools
ISA Facilitate EDA software acquisition for members
(60+ universities already have access to EDA tools)

Design kits

Cell Libraries, I/Os, memory compilers, process models


Fabs (SCL, TSMC), I/P (Artisan, Virage)

Design flows & Methodology


Training to use the infrastructure
Quarterly reviews

Fab Access

SCL, India Chip Program


TSMC Shuttle

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Academic Interaction


Student Projects

One of the Most frequent request


Create a database of student projects topics

13-May

Cover wide variety of topics of interest


Solicit Ideas from member companies / Universities
Short duration projects to support course curriculum
Long duration projects used for practical training
Need mentoring from industry (Technical, Financial)
Active participation from faculty
Background material for the projects

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Academic Interaction


Faculty & Student exchange

Internship programs for students


Faculty exchange programs

Sponsored Sabbatical for summer in industry


Visiting faculty from industry for short duration (1 week)

Placement

Major key incentive for the universities


Lack of information about activities in universities
Advanced placement (1 year ahead)
Facilitate placement activities for member
universities

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Academic Interaction


Curriculum / Courseware

SMDP/VSI/Univ. have put together a good curriculum


Need to support curriculum with courseware
Augment with practical & Projects

Courseware available electronically for wider usage

MCIT / VSI

MCIT & VSI have been doing a lot of work in this area
Create partnership with MCIT to leverage
infrastructure
Partner & support VSI for conferences / workshops

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Membership for


Universities

Awareness / Value Proposition

Create awareness for opportunities in


semiconductors
Publicize benefits for ISA membership
Create criteria for becoming ISA member

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Membership for


Universities

Membership Category-B

Membership Fee Rs. 10,000 / year

Access to Design kits


Support for student projects
Possible mentoring relationship with ISA companies

Membership Category-A

Membership Fee Rs. 25,000 / year


Additional Benefits

Technovation Initiative
Possible access to Fab-Shuttle program (Future)
Summer Sabbatical program for faculty

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Mentorship


Facilitate Mentor Relationship

Enlist ISA Industry members with


commitment for

Faculty hosting at their site


Support & guidance of student projects
Providing expert visiting faculty (Short-term)
Help with course-work & curriculum
Providing placement support for eligible
universities

ISA Plays a role of Facilitator based on needs


13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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ISA: UGI: Other Items


Create & Maintain database of university
activities in India
Survey to project talent generation
requirements over next 5 years
Work with MCIT on

Hiring & Supporting additional faculty under


SMDP-II program (2 per institutes)
Extend IEEE-Explore facility to member
universities
Work with publishers to provide Indian edition of
books

13-May

Private Communication - Dr. Um

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Summary
We have a strategic position that happened
to us
The opportunity is immense
We are ahead - yet, competition is fast
catching up
We need to deliver through the production
of abundant quality man power
We need to build a momentum around VSI
and ISA to scale up to the required level
13-May

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Contributors
Dr. C P Ravikumar, TI
As Secy, VSI

Dr. G D Gautama, IT Secretary, WB Govt.


Dr. Pradip Dutta, Synopsys
Ms. Reena Mishra, Interra Systems
Dr. Uma Mahesh, Insilica
As Secy, ISA

13-May

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Thank You

13-May

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