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UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE LOJA

REA DE LA EDUCACIN, EL ARTE Y LA


COMUNICACIN
CARRERA DE IDIOMA INGLS
COMMUNICATIVE
APPROACH

NAMES:
DENNISE
ROBALINO
NATHALI CUENCA
CYCLE: III B
TEACHER: DTR.
MARIA AGUSTA
REYES
LOJA-ECUADOR

COMMUNICATIVE
APPROACH

Emerge
d in the
1960s.
It focuses on
learning
language
through and
for
communicatio
n

It assumes that
language
production
contains
an
infinitive number
of
possible
language
Memorizing
combination.
patterns
and
rules does little to
prepare language
learner
for
authentic
language use.

TEACHERS
ROLE
To provide a
contex for
authentic
communication
.

Language
acquisition is
not a linear,
sequential
progression.

Language development occurs as:


A
language
learner
receives
comprehensible input and creates or
tests hypotheses regarding language
use a she or he inter-acts in authentic.
Language-rich
Low-anxiety
language
acquisition
environments.
(Blair, 1982; Terrell, 1991)

COMMUNICATIVE APPROACH:
HISTORY AND EVOLUTION

CERTAI
N
PREMIS
ES

APPLICATI
ONS
DERIVED

COMMUNICA
TIVE
APPROACH

The Renaissance,
and the last half
of the 19 century.
It was not widely
adopted until the
last half of the 20
century (Kelly,
1976)

Date back to the


fourth
century
and
enjoyed
some popularity
during
the
height of Greek
and Roma world
influences.

C
O
M
U
N
I
C
A
T
I
V
E
A
P
P
O
A
C
H

It
was
used
primarily as a basis
for
modern
language teaching,
with an emphasis
on using
target
language
for
authentic purposes.
It served as an
approach
that
fostered
L2
acquisition methods
and strategies that
more
closely
emulated the way
in which children
learn their L1.

It emerged as the
foundation for a
more natural way
to learn language
1960s-1970s

As researchers and
educators began to
realice
that
the
primary
communicative
environment
for
CLD student was
the classroom.

COMMUNICATIVE
APPROACH:
PHILOSOPHICAL
FOUNDATIONS

It represents a revolution
in thought regarding
language teaching. Insted
of the more traditional
viewpoint of behaviorism,
constructivism serves as
the theoretical foundation
of the communicative
approach.

Constructivism
represent a
theoretical body of
literature that views
the human brain as
having certain
fundamental
structures of
understanding that
enable it to draw
meaning from
experience (Kukla,
2000; Searle, 1995).

Vygotsky (1978)
started
The mastering of
nature
and
the
mastering
of
behavior
are
mutually
linked,
just
as
mans
alteration of nature
alters mans own
nature.
He claimed that the
interaction between
thought and
language leads to
higher-order
thinking.

Social constructivists
believe that
interpersonal
interaction leads to
language and
cognitive development
and that all learning is
socially constructed

(Derry, 1999;

Hacking, 2000;
Vygotsky, 1978.)

VYGOTSKY
1978
Optimal learning occurs
in a zone of proximal
development, the gap
between what a learner
already knows and the
upper limit of what a
learner can accomplish
with expert assistance

THE CONSTUCTIVISM AS THE


THEORETICAL FOUNDATION OF
THE COMMUNICATIVE
APPROACH
Constructivism
represent
a
theorical body.
People are born
with
capacity
to
acquire
specific
abilities
such
as
language
comprehension
and production.

Behaviorist
believe
that
learning
accurs
through
enviromental
stimuli
and
a
learners
responses
to
those stimuli.

The
social
constructivists
believe
that
learning occurs
as a result of
interactions
between
the
environment and
the
learners
mind.

SOCIAL
CONSTRUCTI
VIST
BELIEVE:
learning
occurs as a
result of
interactions
between the
environment
and the
learners
mind.

Vigotsky: The mastering of nature and the


mastering of behavior are mutually linked,
just as a mans alteratipn of nature aters
mans own nature.
That interpersonal interaction leads to
language and cognitive development and that
all learning is socially constructed (Derry,
1999; Hacking, 2000; Kukla, 2000; Vigotsky,
1978)
Vigotsky 1978: Optimal learning occurs in a
zone of proximal development, the grap
between what a learner already knows and
the upper limit of what a learner accomplish
with expert assistance.

CHOMSKY
(1986)
People are born with a
genetically predetermined
capacity to learn language also
contributed to the foundation
of the communicative
approach.
Chomsky proposed that all
people are born with a
language acquisition device
(LAD) that serves as an
inherent
mental
system
specifically
devoted
to
language development.

Signs and
posted
directions
Synonym
,
antonym
bubbies
Visual
cues
supportin
g
language
productio
n
Sentence
strips and
Word
wails

Providing a
LanguageRich
Environmen
t.

Books,
magazines,
newspapers
and comic
books

Music
lyrics and
rhymes
Multilingu
al
content
vocabular
y chart

Object
labels and
labeled
diagrams