You are on page 1of 21

SUMMER TRAINING

NTPC DADRI

ABOUT NTPC
NTPC is the largest power generating company in india,

was set up in 1975 to accelerate power development in


the country.

NTPC has installed capacity of (29,394MW).


NTPC has 15 coal based power stations (23,395MW).
NTPC has 7 gas based power stations (3,955MW).
NTPC has 4 power stations in joint ventures (1,794MW).
Today NTPC

contributes more than 3/5th of the total


power generation in india.

In 1997 , Government of india granted NTPC status of


Navratna.

ABOUT NTPC, DADRI


It has energy generating capacity by

-coal based thermal plant is 1820MW .


-gas based thermal plant is 817 MW.

It has 6 units of coal based thermal plant .

-4 units are of 210 MW & 2 units are of 490 MW


capacity.

It has 6 units of gas based thermal plant .

-4 units are of 130 MW & 2 units are of 154 MW

Grand Total capacity is2637 MW.

SOURCES

COAL SOURCE
- Piparwara mines , Jharkhand

WATER SOURCE
- Upper Ganga Canal, Mat Branch

GAS SOURCE
- HBJ Pipe line

OPERATION OF
THERMALPOWER PLANT

OPERATION MECHANISM

The coal is brought and crushed to powder. This is feed to boiler for
producing heat .
In Boiler the water is converted to steam.
In super heater the moisture content is removed from the steam and
that steam is called super heated steam.
The superheated steam rotates the shaft of the High pressure turbine.
The exhausted steam is sent to preheater and the steam then rotates
the intermediate pressure (IP) turbine.
The steam from the IP Turbine is then feed to low pressure turbine.
The turbine shaft is connected to the Generator, which
produceselectric Power.

MAIN AND AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT


Coal handling plant
Pulverizing plant
Boiler
Superheater
Turbine
Generator
Condenser
Cooling tower and pounds
Feed water heater
Economizer and Reheater
Air preheater
Switchyard
Ash handling plant

COAL HANDLING PLANT


The function of coal handling
plant is automatic feeding of
coal to the boiler furnace.
A thermal power plant burns
enormous amounts of coal.
A 200MW plant may require
around 2000 tons of coal daily
following are the process of
plant-:
1. Unloading process
2. Feeding process
3. Screening process
4. Crushing process
5. Stacking process
6. Reclaiming process
7. Bunkering process

BOILER
A boiler or steam

generator is a closed
vessel to which water
under pressure, is
converted into steam.

It is one of the major

components of a thermal
power plant.

Always designed to

absorb maximum amount


of heat released in the
process of combustion.

SUPER HEATER
A device which moves last
traces of moisture.

It helps in reduction in
requirement of steam
quantity.

Steam being dry reduces


the mechanical resistance
of turbine.

No corrosion at the Turbine


blades.

TURBINE
A steam turbine converts heat

energy of steam into mechanical


energy and drives the generator.
It uses the principle that steam
when issuing from a small
opening attains a high velocity.

This velocity attained during

expansion depends on the initial


and final heat content of the
steam.

This difference b/w initial and

final heat content represents the


heat energy converted into
kinetic energy.

These are of two types :1. Impulse turbine

GENERATOR

The Synchronus Generator is used to generate power by

connecting the shaft of the Turbine to the shaft of the generator


which create the magnetic flux producing Emf.

The generated voltage will generally 33 KV to 11 KV max.


the generated Voltage is stepped up by connecting Step up
transformer and is also used for auxilliary purpose.

CONDENSER
Which condenses the
steam at the exhaust of
turbine.

It creates a very low


pressure at the exhaust of
turbine, this helps in
converting heat energy of
steam into mechanical
energy in the prime mover.

The condensed steam can


be used as feed water to the
boiler.

COOLING TOWER

Remove heat from the water


discharged from the condenser
so that the water can be
discharged to the river or re
circulated and reused.

Air can be circulated in the


cooling towers through natural
draft and mechanical draft.

SWITCHYARD

A switchyard is a part of an
electrical generation,
transmission system.

Switchyard transform
voltage from high to low or
the reverse, or perform any
of several other important
functions

EQUIPMENTS IN
SWITCHYARD
OUTDOOR EQUIPMENTS

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

BUS BAR
LIGHTENING ARRESTER
BREAKER
CAPACITIVE VOLTAGE TRANSFORMER
EARTHING ROD
CURRENT TRANSFORMER
POTENTIAL TRANSFORMER

.INDOOR EQUIPMENTS
1. RELAYS
2. CONTROL PANNEL
3. CIRCUIT BREAKERS

ASH HANDLING PLANT


The percentage of ash in coal

varies
from 5% in good quality coal to
about
40% in poor quality coal Power
plants generally use poor quality
of coal .

thus amount of ash produced by


it is pretty large .

A modern 2000MW plant

produces
about 5000 tons of ash daily.

The stations use some conveyor


arrangement to carry ash to
dump

UTILISATION OF SECONDARY
RAW MATERIAL (ASH)

Construction of embankments and fills

Construction of road in sub-base

Manufacture of cement

Manufacture of bricks/blocks

Filling as flowable fill material

Agriculture as soil amendment/source of essential plant


nutrients

ADVANTAGES
The fuel used is quite cheap.
Less initial cost as compared to other generating
plants.

It can be installed at any place irrespective of the


existence of coal.

The coal can be easily transported to the site


It require less space as compared to Hydro power
plants.

Cost of generation is less than that of diesel

DISADVANTAGES

It pollutes the atmosphere due to production of large


amount of smoke and fumes.

It is costlier in running cost as compared to Hydro


electric plants.

Maintenance cost is more.