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PHILIPPINE

GOVERNMENT AND
CONSTITUTION

POLITICAL SCIENCE
Branch of social
sciences that deals
with the systematic
study of the
government and the

POLITICS

Polis (greek)- city


Laws
Government
Management/administration
Sovereignty
Constitution
Power

SCOPES OF
POLITICAL SCIENCE

POLITICAL
THEORY
How political
science began/
history

PUBLIC LAW
The (a) organizations of
governments, (b) the limitations
upon government authority, (c)
the powers and duties
ofgovernmental offices and
officers, and (d) the obligations of

PUBLIC
ADMINISTRATION
methods and techniques
used in the actual
management of state affairs
by executive, legislative,
and judicial branches of

POLITICAL SCIENCE
VS OTHER SOCIAL
SCIENCES

HISTORY
Past events/ analysis
Politics is present
history

GEOGRAPHY
Physical features of a
place
Territorial jurisdiction

ECONOMICS
Production, distribution,
conservation and
consumption of wealth
Wealth is important part of
governance

Theory of Economic
Determinism
a theory
thateconomicrelationships
are the foundation on which
all other social and political
arrangements are built

SOCIOLOGY AND
ANTHROPOLOGY

Study of society as a
whole
State is run by people

PSYCHOLOGY
Study of human
behavior
We behave in every
political issue

PHILOSOPHY
Ethics-morally upright
Morality- forming of
constitutions and laws

JURISPRUDENCE
Branch of public law that
deals with the analysis of
existing legal systems,
precedents of court used

STATISTICS AND
LOGIC
Makes use of surveys
A political scientist must
see the surveys in gathering
and evaluating data and

IMPORTANCE OF
STUDYING THE
PHILIPPINE
CONTITUTION

STATE
Community of persons, more or
less numerous, permanently
occupying a definite portion of
territory, having a governance of
their own to which the great body
of inhabitants render obedience

ELEMENTS OF
STATE

People
Mass population living within the
state
Without people, there can be no
functionaries to govern and no
subjects to be governed

People
Population
Characteristics of the people
Nationalism of the people
Homogenous and heterogenous

Territory
Fixed portion
Terrestrial- land
Fluvial- water
Maritime- sea
Aerial- air

Increase and decrease of


Territorial boundaries
Discovery and occupation of new
lands
conquest
Accretion- natural and artificial
causes

Territorial Richness and


Greatness of the State

Geography
Resources and
Climate

Government
Agency through which the
will of the state is
formulated, expressed and
carried out
You can see a state

STATE
GOVERNMENT
Territorial area or the Ruling body of the
entire community of
state
Political machinery
the people
Permanent and
by which the state
continuing entity
exercises jurisdiction
and control over its
people
Temporary and
changeable
Italy- constitutional

Government

Sovereignty
The supreme power of the state
to command and enforce
obedience to its will from people
Freedom from external control
Internal and external

Characteristics of
Sovereignty
Perpetuity- perpetual and lasting
Comprehensiveness- all
embracing
Exclusiveness- people in
democracy

Characteristics of
Sovereignty
Inalienability- non-transferable
Unity- stands alone

ORIGIN OF STATE

Divine Right Theory


State is of divine
creation and the ruler
is ordained by God to
govern the people

Necessity or Force
Theory
States are created
through force by some
great warriors who
imposed their will upon

Paternalistic Theory
Attributes the origin of
state to the enlargement
of the family which
remained under the

Social Contract
Theory
Asserts that the early states
must have been formed by
deliberate and voluntary
compact among the people to
form a society and organize

STATE
NATION
Political conceptGroup of people
PTGS
occupying definite
Group of people in portion of territory and
its legal and
having a common
political concept
language and literature,
All states are
customs and traditions,
nations
etc.
Racial and Traditional
concept
Not all nations are

Government

FORMS OF
GOVERNMENT