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SHOT PUT

Kai Millar 9D 24 March

SHOT PUT.. WHAT IS IT AND WHAT


ARE ITS DISCIPLINES?
General Information

Shot put is a sport in which


competitors (men and women) are
given a metal ball of 7.260kg (for men)
and 4kg (for women). The objective is
to throw the ball as far as possible
using shot-put specific techniques. The
first recorded shot put competitions
were in the 19th century. The shot-put
outdoor record for men is 23.12 meters
set by Randy Barnes. The indoor record
is 22.66m also set by Randy Barnes.
The women's records go as follows:
Outdoor: 22.63 meters set by Natalya
Lisovskaya. Indoor: Helena Fibingerov.

Disciplines and rules

You have to throw 60 seconds from


being called
No gloves
The ball must be close to the neck and
thrown above the shoulder with one
hand.
You may touch but not go past the toe
board
The throw must be in 34.92 of the
throwing space
You must leave the circle at the back
end.
If you do not adhere to these rules it is
a foul throw.

SHOT PUT TYPES OF MOVEMENT


1. CURVE- LINEAR MOTION
WHEN THE SUBJECT MOVES IN A CURVED OR SLANTING MOTION IT IS A CURVE-LINEAR MOTION. A GOOD EXAMPLE
OF THIS IS THE SHOT-PUT PATH IN THE AIR, HOWEVER A PROJECTILE MOVEMENT ALSO APPLIES.
THE AMOUNT OF LINEAR MOVEMENT IS CALLED LINEAR DISPLACEMENT.
2. ROTATION OR ANGULAR MOTION
THERE IS A MASSIVE AMOUNT OF ROTATION IN THE THROWERS MOTION BEFORE RELEASING THE BALL AS HE IS
SPINNING AS QUICKLY AS HE CAN TO HAVE A STRONG RELEASE. THERE IS ALSO A LOT OF ANGULAR MOTION WHEN
THE BALL IS RELEASED AS THE BALL IS PUSHED UP ABOVE THE SHOULDER
3. MOVEMENT OF FREE FALLING BODIES
THE BALL FALLING IN MID AIR IS THE FREE FALLING BODY IN SHOT-PUT
4. PROJECTILE MOVEMENTS
THE BALL IN SHOT-PUT IS A PROJECTILE. IT IS IN FREE FALL BUT ONLY AFFECTED BY GRAVITY AND THE AIR
PRESSURE/RESISTANCE. THE SHOT-PUT FOLLOWS A PARABOLA WHICH MAKES IT A PROJECTILE.

Progress of movement in shot-put


For the curve-linear motion

For the rotation/angular movement

at first you approach the circle in a linear


motion walking straight to it. Once you
arrive you will turn slightly making it a
linear movement and choose where in
the circle you would like to start
Your centre of balance will be central and
close to the waist, and your balance and
equilibrium should be in a very stable,
secure position. Newtons third law
applies in that when you walk you push
off the ground and get forward motion.
Newtons second and first laws also apply
as at first you are in a state of inertia
and then you accelerate up to your
desired walking speed.

Once you have arrived at the circle you will then


start to spin rapidly as you attempt to add more
power to the shot. The spin is crucial. You will
then release the ball with your arm when you
push outwards with it, and this is your angular
movement.
Your centre of gravity will be pitched forward as
you lean into the spin as you rotate. When you
throw however you will lean back and this will
push your centre of gravity further back. Your
should focus on staying balanced because due
to your centre of gravity being off balance it is
easy to fall. Newtons second and first laws apply
as at first you are in a state of inertia and then
you start to spin rapidly before eventually

Progress of movement in shot-put


For the movement of free falling
bodies
Once you have thrown the ball it will not
become a completely free falling body until
gravity takes over at the top of its parabola.
When this happens to the ball however there will
only be gravity and other external factors
affecting how it falls. Law three can be applied
as any actions will cause a reaction to the balls
path. The ball will move down before eventually
stopping.

For projectile movement.


Once the ball has been released it is purely
subjected to gravity and air
pressure/resistance. The ball will move into
the air and form a perfect parabola before
falling back to the ground at the top of its
path where it finally succumbs to gravity.