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Ericsson

2G KPI formulae and their description

STS
StatisticsandTrafficMeasurementSubsystem(STS)isimplementedin
theBSC(andMSC).Itgivesstatisticsabouteventsindifferentpartsofthe
systemsuchascellsandequipment.Bycontinuouslysupervisingthe
resultsfromSTStheoperatorcanobtainaverygoodoverviewoftheradio
networkperformancewhichcanhelptodetectproblemsearly.
DifferenteventsoccurringinanEricssonGSMnetworkarecountedand
collectedbyasubsystemcalledStatisticsandTrafficMeasurement
Subsystem(STS).

STSisavailableintwodifferentversions,STSonAPGandSTSonSP.
STSonSPisavailableonIOGequippedBSCsandSTSonAPGis
availableonAPG40equippedBSCs

ThecentralpartinSTSistheMeasurementDatabase(MDB)whereall
measurementsarecollectedfromdifferentblocksintheCentral
Processor(CP).ThecontentsoftheMDBarewrittentoSTSreportfiles
definedbytheuser.TheseSTSfilesarethenfetchedfromtheBSCand
processedbyOSSorauserdefinedexternaltool.
Bycombiningandcomparingdifferentcountersageneral
understandingoftheradionetworkbehaviorcanbeobtained.

Duringacallseveralcountersareaffected.TheallocationofaStandaloneDedicatedControlChannel(SDCCH)canbesuccessfulorcanfail
duetocongestionortheSDCCHcouldlaterdropduetolowsignal
strength.Eacheventwillresultindifferentcounterstobestepped.
IntheBSCtheseeventscanbehandovers,callsetups,droppedcalls,
allocationofdifferentchannelsetc.Therearealsoanumberofstatus
counters,reportingthestatusofequipmentwithinthenetworksuchasthe
currentnumberofoccupiedchannels.
Someofthe2GKPIsareexplainednext.

T_TRAFF
Thefollowingformula,T_TRAFF,showstheaveragelevelofallTCH
trafficinacell(UL+OL)inErlangor,moreaccurate,themeannumber
ofallocatedTCHchannels.
Total (FR+HR) TCH Traffic Level in a Cell:

TFTRALACC Trafficlevelaccumulatorforfull-rateTCH.The
correspondingcounterforhalf-rateisTHTRALACC
TFNSCAN Numberofaccumulationsoftrafficlevelcounterfor
full-rateTCH.Thecorrespondingcounterforhalf-rateis
THNSCAN

T_AVAIL
Thechannelavailabilityisverydifficulttomeasuredespitecounterssuch
asTAVAACC,numberofavailableTCHs.Thisisduetothefactthat
TNUCHCNT,numberofdefinedTCHs,dependsonwhetherthenumberis
systemdefinedoroperatordefined.
SystemdefinedmeansthatthenumberofTCHsisbasedonthenumber
ofallocatedfrequenciesinsteadofthenumberofinstalledTRXs.
OperatordefinedmeansthatthenumberofdefinedTCHchannelsis
calculatedastherequirednumberofBasicPhysicalChannels(BPCs)
definedbycommand(parameterNUMREQBPC)forthecell/channelgroup
minusthenumberofBPCsusedforBCCHandSDCCHinthecell/channel
group.Thisisespeciallyusefulwhensynthesizerhoppingisused(more
frequenciesthanhardware).

Theequationbelowcanbeusedtocalculatethenumberofavailable
TCHsoftotalnumberofdefinedTCHsbuttheresultwillnotbecorrectif
thefeatureAdaptiveconfigurationoflogicalchannelsisused.IfAdaptive
configurationoflogicalchannelsisactivatedthenumberofTCHsmight
changeinthecelldependingontheSDCCHtrafficlevel.Ifthenumberof
TCHsareoperatordefinedorifsynthesizerhoppingisnotactivethe
followingformulacanbeused:

T_DR_S
TCHDrop.
Thetotalnumberofterminatedcallsinacellisthenexpressedas:
N_CALLS = I_CALLS + Inc(AB+AW) - Outg(AB+AW)
(Net Sum of Calls Terminated in Cell)
N_CALLS Numberofcallsterminatedinacell.
I_CALLS Numberofinitiatedcallsinacell,e.g.thesumofthe
fourCASSALLcountersforTCHorCMSESTABforSDCCH.
Inc : Sumofallincominghandoverstoacellfromallitsneighbors.
Outg:Sumofalloutgoinghandoversfromacelltoallitsneighbors.
AWNumberofsuccessfulassignmentstoworsecell,counter
HOSUCWCL.
ABNumberofsuccessfulassignmentstobettercell, counter
HOSUCBCL.

TN_DROP = TFNDROP + TFNDROPSUB + THNDROP +


THNDROPSUB
(Total Number of Drops on TCH)
TFNDROP Thetotalnumberofdroppedfull-rateTCHinunderlaid
subcell.Thecounterisalsoavailableforhalf-rateand
foroverlaidsubcells,e.g.THNDROPSUB.

S_DR
TheformulafordroponSDCCH,dropduetoTCHcongestion
excluded,is:

CNDROP : ThetotalnumberofdroppedSDCCHchannelsinacell.
CNRELCONG : NumberofreleasedconnectiononSDCCHduetoTCH
andtranscodercongestioninunderlaidandoverlaidsubcell.The
subsetforoverlaidsubcellsisCNRELCONGSUB .Thetwocountersare
locatedinCLSDCCHandCLSDCCHOrespectively.CNDROPisstepped
atthesametime.
CMSESTAB : SuccessfulMSchannelestablishmentsonSDCCH

Thereare6differentstatsavailableinEricssonsystemwhichgive
theindividualpercentagecontributionofeachpossiblefactorthat
cancontributetowardsthenetSDCCHDrop:
DropReason,LowSignalStrengthUplink(%).
DropReason,LowSignalStrengthDownlink(%).
DropReason,BadQualityUplink(%).
DropReason,BadQualityDownlink(%).
DropReason,ExcessTA(%).
DropReason,Other(%).

CSSR
CallSetupSuccessRate.
CSSR = [(CCALLS-CCONGS)/(CCALLS)] * [(CMESTAB-(CNDROPCNRELCONG))/(CMESTAB)]* (TCASSALL/TASSALL)* 100
CCALLS:Callattemptcounter(onSDCCH).
CCONGS:Congestioncounterforunderlaidsubcell.Steppedper
congestedallocationattempt.
CMESTAB:SuccessfulMSestablishmentonSDCCH.Thiscounterisa
sumofbothoverlaidandunderlaid.
CNDROP:ThetotalnumberofdroppedSDCCHchannelsinacell.
CNRELCONG:NumberofreleasedconnectionsonSDCCHduetoTCH-
orTranscoder(TRA)congestioninbothunderlaidandoverlaidsubcell.

TASSAL:NumberoffirstassignmentattemptsonTCHforallMSpower
classes.Successfulattemptsarecountedinthetargetcellandfailed
attemptsarecountedintheservingcell.Theservingcellisthecellwhere
themobilestationwastunedtoanSDCCHorTCH
TCASSALL:'Assignmentcomplete'counter(TCASSALL)is
incrementedforthesameconditionsasthe'Assignmentattempt'counter
(TASSALL)iftheattemptwassuccessful.The'Assignmentcomplete'
counterisincrementedforthetargetcell.AsTCASSALLisfetchedby
STSfromthesameobjecttypeasTASSALLtheyarealways
synchronized.

Ericsson formula for CSSR


CSSR =100 * ([TCASSALL + TFCASSALLSUB + THCASSALL +
THCASSALLSUB]/ TASSALL) * (1 - ([RAOREQ + RAAPAG +
RACALRE]/CNROCNT) * (CCALLS-CMSESTAB)/CCALLS) * (1 ([RAOREQ + RAAPAG + RACALRE]/CNROCNT)* (CNDROP CNRELCONG)/CMSESTAB)
Ingeneral,
CSSR=TCHAssignment*(1-SDEstablishmentforTCHCalls)*(1-SD
DropsforTCHCalls)
Successfulattemptsarecountedinthetargetcellandfailedattemptsare
countedintheservingcell.

CNROCNT:Numberofacceptedrandomaccesses
RAACCFA :Failedrandomaccess.
RAANPAG:Numberofrandomaccesses,answertopaging.The
counterwillbesteppedforcausevalue100xxxxx.
RACALRE:Callre-establishment.Thecounterwillbesteppedforcause
value110xxxxx,Callreestablishment,TCH/Fisneeded,ororiginating
callandNECIbitnotsetto1,orproceduresthatcanbecompletedwith
anSDCCHandNECIbitnotsetto1.
TFCASSALLSUB:Numberofassignmentcompletemessagesforall
MSpowerclassesinunderlaidsubcell,full-rate.
THCASSALLSUB :Numberofassignmentcompletemessagesforall
MSpowerclassesinunderlaidsubcell,half-rate.

HOT_SUC
ThisKPIdoesnotonlycoverTCHhandoverbutalsohandoversduring
assignmentandSDCCHhandovers.
HOT_SUC = 100 * ( SUMOHOSUCC + SUMEOHSUCC ) / ( SUMOHOATT
+ SUMEOHATT )
SUMEOHOSUCC:SumofSuccessfulExternalHandovers(Outgoing
Handover)
SUMOHOSUCC:SumofSuccessfulInternalHandovers(Outgoing
Handover)
SUMOHOATT:SumofInternalHandoverAttempts(OutgoingHandover)
SUMEOHOATT:SumofExternalhandoverAttempts(Outgoing
Handover)

Thehandoversthatarenotsuccessfulornotreverttotheoldcell.Ahigh
rateofrevertedHandoverscouldindicatethatthereexiststwocellswiththe
sameBSIC-BCCHcombination,andbothofthemaredefinedasneighbors
Otherreasonsarethatthehandoverisattemptedbeforetheuplinkinthe
newcellworks,andtheoldcellissufficientlygoodforallowingareversion.
ThefailureinthenewcellcanbeduetotooaggressivesettingsforHO,or
anindicationofafaultyRXinthetargetcellwithlowersensitivity.
Handoverreversionsdooccurinanynetworkevenatgoodconditions-
normallytherateisaround1%.Thereasonforthisislikelytemporarydips,
collisionsintheairinterfaceetc.TheHandoverfailureisnotperceivedby
the
subscriber,butcouldleadtoasubsequentdropduetopenaltiesinlocating
andhandoverstoothercellsthatarenotgoodcandidates