Sie sind auf Seite 1von 24

Imran Ahmad Sajid

Institute of Social Development Studies (Social Work)
University of Peshawar
 Politics:
The use of tactics and
strategies to gain power in a group.
 Over: Beyond a particular limit.
 Overpopulation is a relative term.
 Over with respect to what? Food? Resources?
Or living space?
 Food: from 1900 to 2000 the world population
increased from 1.6 billion to 6.1 billion. But the
world Real GDP per capita increased 20 to 40
times. (UN Population Division Report 2001)
 1990 another UN report stated, with the
current technologies fully developed the world
can feed 30-35 billion people.
 There is a little fixed about
resources. Who knows what will be a
resource in the future.
 Ocean, Coal, Uranium, Wind, and
now the sun has become a big
resource for energy.
The fact is the industrialized West is consuming 81% of what is
manufactured in the world (, 2008). Energy consumption
of one US citizen is equal to 60 Indians, 191 Nigerians, and 351 *: Barrel
Ethiopians (Israr, 2008).
 Dueto overpopulation the world is
going out of living space for the
 Everyone in the world could have their
own living space on a landmass the
size of Pakistan.
 If everyone lived separately, they'd each
have 1,239.70 sq. ft. (approximately 35 ft x
35 ft, or 4.5 Marla
space to build a townhouse)
 If everyone lived in families of four, each
family would have 4,958.81 sq. ft.
(approximately 70 ft x 70 ft (One Kanal
App.), or space for a single family home
with a yard)
 According to the U.N. Population
Database, the world's population in
2010 will be 6,908,688,000.

 Pakistan has a land area of
7,96,096 sq Km (8,564,719,206,400sq ft.)

0 0
, 2
1 9
6 4
, 5 t
8 q f

 Divide the landmass by the number of people to see how
much land there is per person.

1,239.70 sq

hat's approximately a 35' x 35' plot of land (or 4.5 Marla) for every
person on the planet, enough space for a town house. Given an
average four person family, every family would have a 70' x 70'
plot of land (or 1 Kanal), which would comfortably provide a single
family home and yard—and all of them fit on a landmass the size

While this setup would amount to a
Pakistan-sized subdivision, Pakistan is a
tiny portion of the inhabitable Earth.

 Increasing population is eating up all the
growth of the economy and impeding
development and creating poverty.
 It is the one and only reason for the poverty
of the third world.
 The fact is some of the most populous places
in the world e.g. Karachi, Tokyo, New York,
are wealthy, healthy and happy. While some
of the most sparsely places e.g. Balochistan
remain poor and largely dependent on other
parts of the country.
 Internal Causes
 Poor political and economic administration,
 Widespread corruption,
 Excessive military budget,
 Inadequate spending on health and education,
 Fratricidal wars (‫)خانہ جنگی‬
 Defective markets,
 Unjust distribution of land, etc.
 External Causes
 International trade and financial arrangement
 Foreign debt,
 Lack of access to technology,
 IMF and World Bank etc.
 Malthus theory is in reverse here in
 Literacy rate in 1980-81 was 26.2%
 In 2008-09 it rose to 54%
Year Est: No.of Enrol Doctor Hydro
Pop in Univer ment : Power
Million sities in Patien Gener
s Univer t ation
sities (GWh)
2001- 145.28 74 276274 1466 19056
2002- 148.21 96 331745 1404 22350
2003- 151.09 106 423236 1359 27477
2004- 153.96 108 471964 1310 25671
2005- 156.77 111 521473 1254 30855
2006- 159.57 120 640061 1245 31942
Source: Economic Survey of Pakistan-2008-09.
2007- 162.37 124 741092 1212 28667
Source: Economic Survey of Pakistan-2008-09.
 The total installed capacity of WAPDA and KESC totals
around 19,500 megawatts. Almost two third of this power
comes from thermal power plants (fossil fuels), one third is
generated by water and about 2% comes from nuclear
power plants.
 The demand for electricity in Pakistan during the winter
months actually goes down and this winter has not been an
 Throughout the month of December, the electricity
consumption in Pakistan hovered around 11,000 MW,
down from the peak levels of17,500 MW seen in summer.
This demand was well within the installed capacity of
WAPDA & KESC yet they were only generating a meager
one third (6500MW) of their maximum capacity during this
period leaving a huge gap between supply and demand.
Source: Johar Ismail. (Jan, 2009). Electricity Crisis in Pakistan. Retrieved on 18 Feb, 2010 from
 When there is unplanned
urbanization and industrialization.
 Karachi is overpopulated so is
Mombey but Tokyo, the Largest city
of the world, is not overpopulated,
New York is not overpopulated.
 Its all about how you manage your
urbanization. Not the number of
 Various Theories
 1. White population of the world is
rapidly Shrinking. The future will be
in favour the societies with large
number of people.
Source: Wikipedia
 2. Population Control
 The world has become a global
village and there is a global
economy. But there is no global
 Reduce the number of people so that
they can easily be governed by a
single global government in the
 We have proved logically and with the help
of statistical data and historical support
that the idea of overpopulation is not a
reality. The birth of another human being is
not only an addition of another mouth to
feed but another brain to think and another
pair of hands to work.
 It is time we challenge this illogical and
poisonous idea of overpopulation
 Videos about Overpopulation Myth.

By: Imran Ahmad SAjid 24