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Feature 121085

-UL Power Saving with EDCH OLPC-

STC Deep Dive


September, 2013

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2013

Agenda
Introduction
Uplink outer loop power control principle
Fast decrease mechanism
Feature Overview
Activation strategy
KPI results
Conclusion
Future Steps
2 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Agenda
Introduction
Uplink outer loop power control principle
Fast decrease mechanism
Feature Overview
Activation strategy
KPI results
Conclusion
Future Steps
3 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Introduction
PS traffic has increased over the past years. User need for high uplink throughput has
pushed a lot of operators to request for HSUPA.
HSUPA uses an uplink enhanced dedicated channel (E-DCH) on which it employs link
adaptation methods similar to those employed by High-Speed Downlink Packet Access
HSDPA, namely:
shorter Transmission Time Interval enabling faster link adaptation;
HARQ (hybrid ARQ) with incremental redundancy making retransmissions more effective.
Similarly to HSDPA, HSUPA uses a packet scheduler, but it operates on a request-grant
principle where the UEs request a permission to send data and the scheduler decides
when and how many UEs will be allowed to do so.
A request for transmission contains data about the state of the transmission buffer and
the queue at the UE and its available power margin. However, unlike HSDPA, uplink
transmissions are not orthogonal to each other

4 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Introduction
At the Physical Layer, HSUPA introduces new channels E-AGCH (Absolute Grant Channel),
E-RGCH (Relative Grant Channel), F-DPCH (Fractional-DPCH), E-HICH (E-DCH Hybrid ARQ
Indicator Channel), E-DPCCH (E-DCH Dedicated Physical Control Channel) and E-DPDCH (EDCH Dedicated Physical Data Channel).
E-DPDCH is used to carry the E-DCH Transport Channel; and E-DPCCH is used to carry the
control information associated with the E-DCH.
In order to maintain Ue call from being dropped, power control on channels is performed.
The objective of power control is to maintain service SIR almost equal to SIR target
defined for each service.
The objective of the following feature is to decrease UL EDCH SIR for non active users,
therefore enhancing Ue battery lifetime and enhancing a little UL RSSI.

5 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Agenda
Introduction
Uplink outer loop power control principle
Fast decrease mechanism
Feature Overview
Activation strategy
KPI results
Conclusion
Future Steps
6 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Outer loop power control principle


The general principle of UL OLPC for E-DCH with Alcatel-Lucent implementation is
summarized in the figure below.

7 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Outer loop power control principle


The UL OLPC algorithm takes into account the link quality of each UL transport channel
established (of DCH and/or E-DCH type) for the considered user, so that finally the link
quality of each UL transport channel fulfills a target link quality specified separately for
each channel. This algorithm is often referred to as multiple reference transport Channel
UL OLPC algorithm.
Regarding the DCH transport channels, for each channel, a target BLER is set to a value
tunable by the customer, and the BLER is monitored by an UL OLPC Machine dedicated to
this channel. The BLER of each DCH is derived by the RNC based on the CRC Indicator
(CRCI) of the selected UL DCH data frame (the NodeB computes a CRCI for each transport
block it receives from the air interface and sends it to the RNC through Iub-FP. In
addition, several data frames transporting the same user data can be sent by the
different NodeBs having a link with the mobile; hence the CRCI retained by the RNC is the
CRCI carried by the UL DCH data frame selected by the RNC).
A Partial UL SIR Target is derived each TTI (TTI period depends on the DCH channel
considered) by the UL OLPC Machine of each DCH channel, so that BLER on a DCH channel
would converge toward its target BLER if this Partial UL SIR Target were applied as the UL
SIR Target.

8 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Outer loop power control principle


The main difference with respect to UL OLPC for DCH transport channels is that, for the
E-DCH channel, the quantity monitored is not the BLER but the number of HARQ
retransmissions instead, and the link quality target is not a target BLER but a target
average number of HARQ retransmissions. This is possible since the information
concerning the number of HARQ retransmissions (for each MAC-e PDU correctly received
or at HARQ failure detection) is sent by the NodeB to the RNC through Iub FP, via the N of
HARQ Retransmissions IE enclosed in E-DCH UL Data Frames.

9 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Agenda
Introduction
Uplink outer loop power control principle
Fast decrease mechanism
Feature Overview
Activation strategy
KPI results
Conclusion
Future Steps
10 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Fast decrease mechanism


UA6 34249 introduces a Fast Decrease mechanism for Partial SIR Target(s) related to
MAC-d flow(s) carried on E-DCH. This mechanism allows a faster convergence of the UL SIR
Target when UE is in good radio conditions. The principle of this mechanism is as follows.
For the considered MAC-d flow carried on E-DCH, if more than
edchNrOfConsecutiveZeroHarqReTxThreshold MAC-es PDUs are received at the RNC
without any HARQ retransmission or HFI (HARQ Failure Indication), then the Fast
Decrease mechanism is triggered, i.e. the Partial SIR Target related to this MAC-d flow is
updated according to a specific formula

Once the triggering condition for Fast Decrease mechanism has been fulfilled, the
Partial SIR Target of the considered MAC-d flow is updated according to above specific
formula at each consecutive E-DCH Data Frame received without any HARQ retransmission
or HFI.
Fast Decrease mechanism is cancelled as soon as an E-DCH Data Frame is received with
at least one HARQ retransmission or with an HFI, and the Partial SIR Target is then
updated according to the usual formula

11 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Agenda
Introduction
Uplink outer loop power control principle
Fast decrease mechanism
Feature Overview
Activation strategy
KPI results
Conclusion
Future Steps
12 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Feature overview
The fast decrease mechanism didnt take into account updating inactive users UL SIR.
The improvement introduced by this feature is to make UL SIR decrease rapidly also for
non active users.
The introduction of a timer to manage the case where nothing is received by RNC was the
solution encountered to enhance the Fast Decrease mechanism.

After expiring the above mentioned timer, a new Fast Decrease mechanism is triggered
so the SIR target is reduced to the limit.

13 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Feature overview
The UL SIR Target values of all existing MAC-d flows shall be preserved to their latest values
from last activity period before triggering the new Fast Decrease process.
Traffic inactivity must persist for a configurable period of time before applying the fast
decreased power.
This can be configured using the parameter eDCHOlpcInactivityTimeThreshold.
The decrease of UL SIR Target due to inactivity is limited to an optimum value so that it does
not adversely impact the performance of UL physical control channels. This can be configured
using the parameter eDCHOlpcInactivitySIRDecreaseLimit.
If Partial_UL_SIR_Target >eDCHOlpcInactivitySIRDecreaseLimit:

Finally, the preserved UL SIR Target values of all existing MAC-d flows shall berestored following
detection of activity, i.e. receipt of MAC-d PDUs at RNC on any MAC-d flow. Initial power (saved
right before fast decrease process) is reinstated as soon as traffic resumes, on any of the RAB.

14 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Agenda
Introduction
Uplink outer loop power control principle
Fast decrease mechanism
Feature Overview
Activation strategy
KPI results
Conclusion
Future Steps
15 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Activation strategy
RNC 3RS07 selected as pilot RNC.
Feature activated at 11/27/2013 3:00 PM
eDCHOlpcInactivitySIRDecreaseLimit set to 4 db
eDCHOlpcInactivityTimeThreshold set to 500ms

16 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Agenda
Introduction
Uplink outer loop power control principle
Fast decrease mechanism
Feature Overview
Activation strategy
KPI results
Conclusion
Future Steps
17 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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KPI results
No change in HARQ behavior was observed after feature activation
121085 has NO obvious impact on HARQ retransmission when
eDCHOlpcInactivitySIRDecreaseLimit is 4 db.

18 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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KPI results
Uplink traffic didnt affect after feature activation, and so is missing PDUs

19 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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KPI results
Average SIR has enhanced a lot after feature activation

20 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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KPI results
Enhancement in SIR distribution, as number of samples with SIR distribution less than 7
has decreased on the other hand number of samples less than 5 has increased, so
achieving 2 Db gain in UL SIR

21 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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KPI results
Uplink load didnt affect after feature activation

22 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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KPI results
Number of EDCH active users didnt affect after feature activation

23 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2013

Agenda
Introduction
Uplink outer loop power control principle
Fast decrease mechanism
Feature Overview
Activation strategy
KPI results
Conclusion
Future Steps
24 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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Conclusion

Feature has been tested successfully

Feature benefits has been proven.

Uplink SIR distribution has enhanced, saving 2 dB for Ues and therefore enhancing
power saving for mobiles

Main KPIs didnt affect after feature activation

25 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2013

Agenda
Introduction
Uplink outer loop power control principle
Fast decrease mechanism
Feature Overview
Activation strategy
KPI results
Conclusion
Future Steps
26 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

All Rights Reserved Alcatel-Lucent 2013

Future steps

Roll out on the whole western region network is expected


Tuning for eDCHOlpcInactivitySIRDecreaseLimit and eDCHOlpcInactivityTimeThreshold in
order to see impact on RNC level (mainly SIR distribution)

27 | EDCH UL OLPC | September 2013

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At the speed of ideas

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www.alcatel-lucent.com

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