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WEBPAGE is a document or resource of

information that is suitable for the World Wide


Web and can be accessed through a web
browser on a monitor or mobile device.
Website is a collection of related webpages,
images, videos, or other digital assets that are
addressed relative to a common uniform
resource locator, often consisting of only the
domain or the IP address.
World Wide Web is a computer network
consisting of a collection of internet sites that
offer texts, graphics, sounds and animation
resources through the hypertext transfer
protocol.

Internet is an electronic communications


networks and organizational computer facilities
around the world.
Network is a wide variety of inter connected
components. An also pertains to the system of
computers, peripherals, terminals, and
databases connected by communication lines.
Web Browser is a software application that
enables a user to display and interact with
HTML documents hosted by web servers or
held in a file system.

Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is the


address of resource (as a document or a
website) on the Internet consists of a
communications protocol followed by the name
or address of a computer on the network and
that often includes additional locating
information (such as directory and filename).
http://www.example.com/index.html
Internet Protocol is a data-oriented protocol
used by source and destination hosts for
communicating data across a packet-switched
internetwork.

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is a


markup language (combination of texts and
extra information) designed for the creation of
webpages and other information viewable in
browsers.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the
primary method used to convey information on
the World Wide Web. The original purpose was
to provide a way to publish and receive HTML
pages.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE INTERNET


Internet is a worldwide collection of
interconnected computer networks that enables
business, organizations, governments, and
individuals to communicate in a variety of ways.
One of the most popular ways users
communicate on Internet is by publishing and
interacting with web pages.
You can also send E-mail, chat with other users,
and transfer files between computers.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE INTERNET


The Internet began as a military research
project in the late 1960s. In 2007, the number
of Internet users around the globe topped 1.2
billion.
In the late 1960s, ARPA (the Advanced
Research Projects Agency) rolled out
blueprints for networking the main computer
systems about a dozen ARPA-funded
universities and research institutions.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE INTERNET


They were to be connected with
communications lines operating at a thenstunning 56 Kbpsthis at a time when most
people (of the few who could) were connecting
over telephone lines to computers at a rate of
110 bits per second.
A bit (short for binary digit) is the smallest
data item in a computer; it can assume the
value 0 or 1.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE INTERNET


Researchers at Harvard talked about
communicating with the powerful UNIVAC
computer at the University of Utah to handle the
intensive calculations related to their computer
graphics research. Many other intriguing
possibilities were raised.
Academic research was about to take a giant
leap forward. ARPA proceeded
to implement the ARPANET, which eventually
evolved into todays Internet.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WEB


The World Wide Web allows computer users to
execute web-based applications and to
locate and view multimedia-based documents
on almost any subject over the Internet. The
web is a relatively recent creation.
Tim Berners-Lee called his invention the
HyperText Markup Language (HTML). He also
wrote communication protocols to form the
backbone of his new information system, which
he called the World Wide Web.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE WEB


In particular, he wrote the Hypertext Transfer
Protocol (HTTP)a communications protocol
used to send information over the web. The
URL (Uniform Resource Locator) specifies
the address or location of the web page
displayed in the browser window.
Each web page on the Internet is associated
with a unique URL.
URLs usually begin with http://.

FUNDAMENTALS OF HTML
HTML documents are made up of text content
and special codes known as tags that tell Web
browsers how to display the content.
HTML documents are identified by their .html or
.htm file extensions.
For the most part, HTML is platform
independent, which means you can view Web
pages on any computer operating system,
including Windows, Mac, and Linux.

HTML ELEMENT
HTML element indicates structure in an HTML
document. It generally consists of three parts:
An opening tag, which marks the beginning
of an element.
Most of the time, attributes with their
corresponding values are also included
inside opening tag.
Some amount of contents.
The closing tag, which closes the entire
HTML element.
<font face=Arial>Hello!</font>

HTML TAGS
HTML consists of text interspersed with special
instructions known as tags. Surrounded by
brackets, < >, HTML tags tell a browser how to
organize and present text, images, and other
Web page content.
Many tags are written using an opening tag and
a closing tag that surround content that appears
on the page. When writing HTML tags, you can
use upper- or lowercase letters.
To make the coding easy to distinguish from other text in the
page, you can type tag names in uppercase.

HTML BASIC STRUCTURE


<HTML> the first and last tags in a document
should be HTML tags. These are tags that
tell a web browser where the HTML part in
your document begins and end.
<HEAD> the head tags contain all of the
documents header information such a the
HTML document title in <TITLE> tags
<BODY> body comes after the head
structure. Between the body tags, you find all
of your stuff that gets displayed in the Web
browser window.

HTML BASIC STRUCTURE


HTML code

Web browser output