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Saturated, Unsaturated & Supersaturated

Saturated, Unsaturated & Supersaturated


A saturated solution is one in which no additional solute
can dissolve in the solvent at that temperature.
If more solute is stirred into a saturated solution, then
not dissolve and will settle to
the added solute will ____________________________
the bottom of the container
____________________________________________.
If a saturated solution is cooled, then the solution will
precipitate the excess solute needed to
most likely ____________________________________
bring the solution to its new saturation point
____________________________________________.
An unsaturated solution is one in which more solute
can dissolve in the solvent at that temperature.
If more solute is stirred into an unsaturated solution, the
dissolve completely or dissolve
added solute will _______________________________
only in part if the solution becomes saturated
____________________________________________.

Saturated, Unsaturated & Supersaturated


On the solubility curve for a solution, any point under
the curve represents a region in which the solution is
unsaturated
____________________.

On the solubility curve for a solution, any point found on


the curve represents the region in which the solution is
exactly saturated
________________________.

On the solubility curve for a solution, any point above


the curve represents the region in which the solution is
saturated with the excess solute undissolved
____________________________________________.

Saturated, Unsaturated & Supersaturated


A supersaturated solution is one in which the solvent
is holding has more solute than it should at that
temperature.
Supersaturated solutions are a rare occurrence.
It is not easy to make supersaturated solutions.
Supersaturated solutions are created by making a
saturated solution at a high temperature and then
slowly cooling the mixture without any disturbance.
If a tiny amount of solute is dropped into a supersaturated
the extra solute will immediately
solution, then _________________________________
precipitate out of solution
____________________________________________.

Saturated, Unsaturated & Supersaturated


Ex.1) If 10.0 g of KCl is dissolved in 100.0 g of water at
20.0oC, then would the solution be described as
unsaturated, saturated, or supersaturated?
unsaturated
________________________________________.
Ex.2) If 10.0 g of KClO3 is stirred into 100.0 g of water at
20.0oC, then would the solution be described as
unsaturated, saturated, or supersaturated?
saturated with about 1 g of undissolved KClO3
________________________________________.
Ex.3) If 10.0 g of KClO3 is dissolved in 100.0 g of water at
20.0oC, then would the solution be described as
unsaturated, saturated, or supersaturated?
supersaturated
________________________________________.

Saturated, Unsaturated & Supersaturated


Ex.4) If 100.0 g of KI is stirred into 100.0 g of water at
20.0oC, then would the solution be described
as unsaturated, saturated, or supersaturated?
unsaturated
______________________________________
Ex.5) If 100.0 g of KNO3 is stirred into 100.0 g of water
at 60.0oC, then would the solution be described
as unsaturated, saturated, or supersaturated?
unsaturated
______________________________________
Ex.6) How many grams of KNO3 will exactly saturate
70 g
200.0 g of H2O at 20.0oC? ______________