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GD PI SIP CV FP’09 Group Discussion-Tips and Techniques
GD
PI
SIP
CV
FP’09
Group Discussion-Tips and
Techniques
GD PI SIP CV FP’09 Communication is not all about what you say but ………………… what
GD
PI
SIP
CV
FP’09
Communication is not
all about what you say
but
………………… what
..
others understand
GD PI SIP Features CV FP’09 • Two or more people talk about a particular topic
GD
PI
SIP
Features
CV
FP’09
• Two or more people talk about a particular
topic in detail
• Exploring the various aspects of the topic
• Exchange ideas intelligently
GD PI SIP Qualities seen in CV FP’09 candidates: • Team building • leadership • Oral
GD
PI
SIP
Qualities seen in
CV
FP’09
candidates:
• Team building
• leadership
• Oral communication
• Body Language
• Initiative
• Clarity of thought
• Decision making ability
• Presence of mind
GD PI SIP Qualities seen in candidates: CV FP’09 • Managing situational stress • Listening skills
GD
PI
SIP
Qualities seen in
candidates:
CV
FP’09
• Managing situational stress
• Listening skills
• Flexibility
• Maturity
• Reasoning power
• Influencing/convincing power
• Problem solving skills
GD PI GDs can be topic-based or case-based. SIP CV FP’09 • A positive body language
GD
PI
GDs can be topic-based
or case-based.
SIP
CV
FP’09
• A positive body language
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Leaning forward
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Nodding in attention
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Listening attentively
A cheerful face
Patience and consistency
 Steady eye contact
Creative thought process
GD PI SIP CV FP’09 GDs can be topic-based or case-based.  Natural  give value-added
GD
PI
SIP
CV
FP’09
GDs can be topic-based
or case-based.
 Natural
 give value-added points instead of
repetitions
Adopt “Yes-but “ philosophy
Swift and alert
Cool and calm
Be vocal, support points with facts, figures
 Intervene if decision is turning hostile
GD PI SIP Don’ts CV FP’09 • Excessive aggression • Misinterpretation of the topic • Whisper
GD
PI
SIP
Don’ts
CV
FP’09
• Excessive aggression
• Misinterpretation of the topic
• Whisper to your neighbour near you or
make gestures to anyone at the table
• Be sarcastic, mocking
• Praise others, shout or interrupt
• Change your stand
• Display negative body language
• Go overboard with enthusiasm if it is a
familiar topic
GD PI SIP Types of GD CV FP’09 • GDs can be topic-based or case-based. Topic
GD
PI
SIP
Types of GD
CV
FP’09
• GDs can be topic-based or case-based.
Topic based Gds can be classified into
three types :-
1. Factual Topics
2. Controversial Topics
3. Abstract Topics
GD PI SIP CV FP’09 Factual Topics:- • about practical things • about socio-economic topics •
GD
PI
SIP
CV
FP’09
Factual Topics:-
• about practical things
• about socio-economic topics
• A factual topic for discussion gives a
candidate a chance to prove that he is
aware of and sensitive to his environment.
E.g. The education policy of India, Tourism
in India, State of the aged in the nation.
GD PI SIP Controversial CV FP’09 Topics:- • Controversial topics are the ones that are argumentative
GD
PI
SIP
Controversial
CV
FP’09
Topics:-
• Controversial topics are the ones that are
argumentative in nature. They are meant to generate
controversy
• In GDs where these topics are given for discussion,
the noise level is usually high, there may be tempers
flying.
• The idea behind giving a topic like this is to see how
much maturity the candidate is displaying by keeping
his temper in check, by rationally and logically
arguing his point of view without getting personal and
emotional.
• E.g. Reservations should be removed, Women make
better managers
GD PI SIP Abstract Topics:- CV FP’09 • Abstract topics are about intangible things. • These
GD
PI
SIP
Abstract Topics:-
CV
FP’09
• Abstract topics are about intangible things.
• These topics are not given often for
discussion, but their possibility cannot be
ruled out.
• E.g existence of God,
GD PI SIP CV FP’09 Case-based Gd:- • the use of a case instead of a
GD
PI
SIP
CV
FP’09
Case-based Gd:-
the use of a case instead of a topic.
• The case study tries to simulate a real-life
situation. Information about the situation will be
given to you and you would be asked as a group
to resolve the situation.
• there are no incorrect answers or perfect
solutions. The objective in the case study is to
get you to think about the situation from various
angles.
GD PI SIP CV FP’09 AN APPROACH TO GD TRAINING (FOR TRIM & ADVANCE MODULE) DO
GD
PI
SIP
CV
FP’09
AN APPROACH TO GD TRAINING
(FOR TRIM & ADVANCE MODULE)
DO A MIND MAPPING OF
THE FOLLOWING TOPICS APPLYING
THE SIMPLE TOOL CALLED 'WH' QUESTIONS.
STEP 1
GENERAL READING TO IMPROVE OVERALL
CURRENT NEWS AWARENESS AND SECTOR-
SPECIFIC NEWS AWARENESS TARGETING 2 SECTORS
SPECIFIC NEWS AWARENESS TARGETING 2
SECTORS
GD PI SIP CV FP’09 STEP 2 THE MIND MAPPING GIVES SOME ANSWERS, BUT THROWS OPEN
GD
PI
SIP
CV
FP’09
STEP 2
THE MIND MAPPING GIVES SOME
ANSWERS, BUT THROWS OPEN
SEVERAL UNANSWERED QUESTIONS.
STEP 3
THE UNANSWERED QUESTIONS MAKE
SPECIFIC READING RELEVANT AND
RESULT-ORIENTED
STEP 4
INITIAL READING LEADING TO MIND MAPPING
AND SUBSEQUENT READING GIVES THE
GROUND FOR JUST-A-MINUTE (JAM) OR J2M
EXERCISE.
GD PI SIP CV FP’09 STEP 5 A SERIES OF JAM EXERCISES ON A SINGLE TOPIC
GD
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SIP
CV
FP’09
STEP 5
A SERIES OF JAM EXERCISES ON A SINGLE TOPIC IS A GOOD
BEGINNING OF GD TRAINING
FOR EXAMPLE: 2 OR 3 CANDIDATES TO DO JAM EACH COVERING
HOW
TO INITIATE
3-5 CANDIDATES TO DO JAM EACH ON ONE
PARTICULAR ASPECT OF THE TOPIC TO DEVELOP
THE
TOPIC
2-3 CANDIDATES TO DO JAM EACH ON
CONSOLIDATING
THE POINTS COVERED BY THE EARLIER
PARTICIPANTS
2-3 CANDIDATES TO DO JAM EACH ON
SUMMARISING THE TOPIC
GD PI SIP CV FP’09 STEP 6 TRIAL GD: THE STUDENT WHO DID THE BEST JAM
GD
PI
SIP
CV
FP’09
STEP 6
TRIAL GD:
THE STUDENT WHO DID THE BEST JAM ON TOPIC
INITIATION
WILL INITIATE THE DISCUSSION
3-5 STUDENTS WILL CONTRIBUTE THE BEST POINT
THEY
DISCUSSED DURING THE RESPECTIVE JAMs
THE STUDENT WHO PRODUCED THE BEST JAM ON
CONSOLIDATING THE POINTS DISCUSSED, WILL TAKE
CARE OF
THE CONSOLIDATION PART IN THE TRIAL GD
THE STUDENT WHO DID THE BEST SUMMARISING JAM
WILL SUMMARISE THE TRIAL GD
GD PI SIP CV FP’09 STEP 7 AT THIS STAGE, FROM CONSICIOUSLY STRUCTURED TRIAL GD TO
GD
PI
SIP
CV
FP’09
STEP 7
AT THIS STAGE, FROM CONSICIOUSLY STRUCTURED
TRIAL GD
TO SIMULATED GD (MOCK GD) : FROM CONSCIOUSLY
SEQUENED JAM EXERCISES, STUDENS WILL DO A
MOCK GD INVOLVING ALL THE TEAM MEMBERS.
STEP 8
REPEAT THE CYCLE FROM STEP 1 - 8, 10 TIMES BASED
ON DIFFERENT TOPICS, ROTATING ROLES OF
INITIATION, DEVELOPMENT, CONSOLIDATION AND
SUMMARISATION.
GD.doc CLICK TO SEE PROPOSED TOPICS
GD PI SIP CV FP’09
GD
PI
SIP
CV
FP’09