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Effective

communication

Employment First
Fremont County
March 18, 2015

Presenter: Billie Wortham


B.S. Speech Pathology,
M.S. CCC-A, Audiology UW
Graduate , State License
A933
Educational Consultant,
Deaf & Hard of Hearing
Outreach

Objectives for today


Learn about hearing loss
Transitioning to the workplace
Learn about workplace challenges for HI

employees/employers

What is effective

communication?
What resources are available

Hearing vs.
Understanding

Guiding Documents
Accessibility
Civil Rights Act of 1964discrmination
Section 504 of Rehabilitation
Act of 1973
Americans with Disabilities
Act (& Amendments)
Specifically Title II

Identification of HL
In Wyoming 98% of

newborns screened-HA 6
months/CI 1 y.o
CDC screen
Schools screen
Hearing loss is as unique
as each person.

FAMILIAR SOUNDS
AUDIOGRAM
Frequency;

Pitch; Hertz (Hz)


Low frequency-

vowels
High frequencyconsonants
Power vs.
understanding
500-4000 Hz
most critical for
understanding
speech

Poor S/N
Good S/N

Signal Power to Noise Power


+15 to +20 decibel S/N is ideal

Brain-Hearing

Brain- Reading

Words Have Multiple Meanings


She is running to the store.
My nose is running.
The refrigerator is running.
Did you leave the computer program

running?
Amber is running four miles today.
I keep running into you!

500,000 Words in the


English Language
The child that begins kindergarten with 5,000
words should finish high school knowing
90,000-100,000 words

English Language

Learning to Read
vs
Reading to Learn

Spelling Test
Number your paper from 1 to 10.

1.

6.

2.

7.

3.

8.

4.

9.

5.

10.

Spelling Words through Simulated


Hearing Loss above 1000 Hz
125

250

500

1000

2000

4000

8000

0
HEARING LEVEL (dB HL)

z v

30
40
50
60

2.
3.

10
20

1.

j md
n
nb
geu
i

l
o ar

p
h
g
ch
sh

70

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

80
90
100
110
120

AUDIOGRAM OF FAMILIAR SOUNDS


FREQUENCY IN CYCLES PER SECOND (HZ)

10.
Click on Speaker to
Present Spelling
word.

125

250

500

1000

2000

4000

8000

1. Shoe
2. Tree

0
10

HEARING LEVEL (dB HL)

20

z v
p

30
40
50

j mdb
n
ng
e i
u

f th
s
h

ch
l
o ar

g
sh

60
70

3. Math
4. Desk
5. Snack
6. Miss
7. Test
8. Thumb
9. Fish

80
90
100
110

10. Spill

120

AUDIOGRAM OF FAMILIAR SOUNDS


FREQUENCY IN CYCLES PER SECOND (HZ)

Click on Speaker to
Present Spelling
word.

Signal Power to Noise Power


+15 to +20 decibel S/N is ideal

Expectations are
everything
Type of HL
Age of identification
Age at intervention
Language supports i.e.

AV, ASL etc.

Effective
Communication
Dependent on the history

of the person
Dependent on primary
mode of communication
Is as variable as each
individual person-HI
individual is the expert

Transitioning
Indicator 13
Mandatory IEP participation

at age 16
Student can start earlier
Invited agencies e.g. DVR
invited
Transition workshops with
DHH/WDE-have them write

From interview to hire


Not required to disclose HL
If accommodations are

needed should disclose in


their best interest
Person should know what is
needed
Clear job description

Employment

Why is it in their best


interest to disclos HL??????
HL can make the person
appear aloof, offputting
etc.
Need to be held
accountable for job
performance including
communication

Mismatch in the
workplace
Realistic performance
Liability for employer-e.g.

dispatcher
Spoken language
Co-workers
Effectiveness of HI employee
Safety of employee and others

My Wish List
Realistic discussion of job

performance
Access to technology i.e. HAs, CIs
and BAT
Advocacy taught early in life-IEP goals
Employers that understand hearing
loss
All people with disabilities find
successful employment not just HI

Miscellaneous
Wyoming Relay Handout
Funding for devices
Employers can inquire about the ability of the

applicant to perform essential functions


15 or more employees-known disabilityreasonable accommodations unless undue
hardship(difficulty or expense)
Tax credit may be available to offset cost of
compliance
Job Accommodation Network reports that 50%
of accommodations cost employers nothing

Thanks for being good


listeners!