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ARCHITECT

BERNARD
TSCHUMI

LABEED ABDURAHMAN MI

B120302 AR

HISTORY OF

LABEED ABDURAHMAN MI

B120302 AR

HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

Architecture always starts with an


idea, with the concept, not with a
form. Concept, not form, is what
distinguishes architecture from mere
building.
-Tschumi

CONTENTS

LIFE OF TSCHUMI.
EDUCATION AND CAREER.
PHILOSOPHIES.
DEVELOPMENT AS AN ARCHITECT.
IMPORTANT BUILDINGS.
KYOTO RAILWAY STATION, Kyoto 1990.
PARC DE LA VILLETE, Paris 1998.
ACROPOLIS MUSEUM, Athens 2009

LIFE
Born on January 25, 1944 in Lausanne,
Switzerland. Son of well known architect
Jean Tschumi.
Studied in Paris and at ETH in Zurich.
Famous as an Architect, Writer,
Philosopher and an Educator.
Associated with Deconstructivism.
Currently he works and lives in New York
and Paris.

EDUCATION AND CAREER


Bernard Tschumi studied primarily in
Paris and then moved to the ETH,
Zurich which is one of the leading
international universities for
technology and natural sciences.
Tschumi received his degree for
architecture from this university in
1969.

EDUCATION AND CAREER


Bernard Tschumi has many
accomplishments achieved with his
career.
Taught in many architectural universities
and schools including
Portsmouth Institute, UK.
The Institution for Architecture and urban
studies, NY
Princeton Uniersity.
Columbia University.

EDUCATION AND CAREER


Tschumi throughout his career has
re-evaluated architecture's role in the
practice of personal and political
freedom.
Red is not a color the book written
by Tschumi is referred as a marathon
of an architect struggling to define
what architecture fundamentally is or
should be.

PHILOSOPHIES
SIX CONCEPTS
1. Technologies of Defamiliarization: Tschumi advocates
that in architecture, defamiliarization is a clear tool to
move away from superficiality.
2. The Mediated Shock: In a mediatized world, we
communicate through shock. The increase in
change& superficiality weakens architecture as a form
of domination, power and authority.
3. De-Structuring: The relationship between structure
and image, structure and skin is used to examine
Structure versus ornament. Ornament is meant to be
additive: it must not challenge or weaken the
structure.

PHILOSOPHIES
4. Superimposition: superimposing deconstruction
which is anti-form, anti-hierarchy, anti-structure the
opposite of all that architecture stands for over
architecture to blur the distinction between genres.
5. Cross-Programming: Architecture is as much about
events that takes place in the space as about the
space itself. It needs an interchangeability of form
and function.
6. Events; The turning point: The hierarchical causeand-effect effect relationship between function and
form is one of the great certainties of architectural
thinking. He says, one cannot design
Deconstruction, but he can design the conditions.

DEVELOPMENT AS AN
ARCHITECT
After graduating, from 1968-1970, Tschumi
stopped designing so that he could think about
what architecture is.
He looked at literature, film, and other disciplines
in terms of what the could bring to architectural
thought.
In the 1970s, he was inclined towards recapturing
the spirit and concept of early 20th century.
Later, he taught at the Architectural Association
and did projects such as The Screenplays (1977)
and the Manhattan Transcripts (1981).

AS AN ARCHITECT
In the 1980s, Tschumi presented his work in
Deconstructivist Architecture opened at
Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) along with six
other offices.
He won the competition for Parc De La Villete,
which was his first major public work and an
implimentation of his design research.
In 1986 Tokyo National Theater and Opera
House project continued this design research.

IMPORTANT PROJECTS

Cultural Centre in the Palmer City Park proposes a


remarkable integration between performance and

IMPORTANT PROJECTS

IMPORTANT PROJECTS

IMPORTANT PROJECTS

IMPORTANT PROJECTS

Philharmonic hall and arts centre, Rolle, Switzerland

IMPORTANT PROJECTS

IMPORTANT PROJECTS

IMPORTANT PROJECTS

IMPORTANT PROJECTS

IMPORTANT PROJECTS

KYOTO RAILWAY STATION

Designer
Location
Year
Building
Construction
System
Architectural
Style

:Ar. Bernard
Tschumi
:Kyoto
:1988-1998
:Public
Infrastructure
:Metal Panel, Glass
:Modern

KYOTO RAILWAY STATION


SITE:
Site includes an undistinguished series of
plain office and commercial blocks.
SIGNIFICANCE
The new station is the gateway to a city that
is the repository of much of what the
Japanese admire in their culture.
The station was conceived to celebrate the
1200th anniversary, in 1994 of Kyotos having
become Japans capital.

KYOTO RAILWAY STATION


The main constituent
elements are aligned
along the Tokyo grid- one
block for cultural centre,
two for hotel and
convention centre, two
for parking & restaurants
keeping a 9m opening
between each block.
The block were subdivided into organizational strips
18m, 27m, 18m wide respectively, with a 3m gap
between them to allow natural light into the blocks.

ACROPOLIS MUSEUM
Located at the foot of the
Acropolis, the site
confronted with sensitive
archaeological
excavations, the presence
of the contemporary city
and its street grid, and the
Parthenon itself.

ACROPOLIS MUSEUM

Combined with a hot


climate in an earthquake
region, these conditions
moved us to design a
simple and precise museum
with the mathematical
andconceptual clarity of

ACROPOLIS MUSEUM

Acropolis museum- Plans

BIBILIOGRAPHY
http://www.tschumi.com/projects/17/
#
http://www.archdaily.com/61898/newacropolis-museum-bernard-tschumi-ar
chitects/
http://www.tschumi.com/projects/2/
http://www.tschumi.com/projects/3/
http://www.archdaily.com/92321/ad-cla
ssics-parc-de-la-villette-bernard-tsc
humi/