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Oymyakon

The coldest town on earth

Najhladniji grad na svetu.

If you get up in the morning and you see that the temperature
outside is -71C, for sure you live in Oymyakon.
(Although we should clarify, that this extreme temperature was
reached only once; in 1926.)
Ako se probudite ujutro a temperatura napolju je -71C,
sigurno ste u Ojmjakonu. (Mada treba rei da je ta temperatura
dostignuta samo jednom, 1926.godine.)

Memorial of the lowest temperature recorded in a populated area.


A lakott terleten elrt legalacsonyabb hmrsklet emlkmve.
Spomenik najnioj temperaturi na svetu u naseljenom mestu.

The town is located in the Russian republic of Yakutia in Siberia, on a


plateau 750 meters above sea level. The winter last for 9 months here.
The climate is extreme because the mountain ranges surrounding it
prevents the heavy cold air masses that cover the valley to escape.

Taj grad se nalazi u Rusiji u republici Jakutija u Sibiru na platou 750 m iznad
morske povrine. Zima traje 9 mesesci. Klima je ovako ekstremna jer planinski
lanci koji ga okruuju spreavaju da hladan vazduh napusti dolinu.

Its population of 2200


inhabitants lives far from the
amenities that usually cities
provide.
The students attend classes
only if the temperature does
not fall under -52C.

Njegova popupacija od samo


2200 stanovnika ivi daleko od
komfora koji inae pruaju
gradski uslovi.
aci pohaaju kolsku nastavu
samo ako temperatura ne
padne ispod -52C.

Oymyakon is a s frozen landscape, immersed in a snow for nine months.


Zaleeni pejzai Ojmjakona pokriveni snegom tokom 9 meseci.

During fishing, the fish is already covered with ice as it


leaves the water. Thirty seconds is enough for it to be
frozen hard as a rock.
Another curiosity of this place is; in a supermarket no
one can buy a carton of milk, there is no milk in liquid
form, but only frozen like a marble block.

Pri ribolovu riba je odmah prekrivena ledom im se izvadi iz


vode. Dovoljno je 30 sekundi da bude smrznuta i tvrda kao
kamen.
Jo jedan kuriozitet u ovom mestu se u samoposluzi ne
moe kupiti mleko u tenom stanju, nego samo smrznuto, kao
kocka mermera.

Freezing is free. Within 30 seconds of leaving the water, the fish


are hard as rocks.

Besplatno zamrzavanje riba je smrznuta nakon 30 sekundi.

In this picture, we can imagine what it's like a walk down town.
Na ovoj slici moe se videti kako izgleda etnja gradom.

Interestingly, the name Oymyakon means water that never freezes.


The government decided to build the city here because of the
presence of hot water springs. In addition, Oymyakon is in a valley
surrounded by high mountains that stop the wind. This makes it more
bearable, the extreme temperatures in winter, but during the brief
summer period, the temperature can reach +35 C.
(Can you imagine the great differences in temperature?)

Interesantno - Ojmjakon znai: voda koja se nikad ne


smrzava.
Vlada se odluila da izgradi ovaj grad zbog prisustva izvora tople vode. Pored
toga, Ojmjakon se nalazi u dolini okruen visokim planinama koje ne
dozvoljavaju prodor vetrova. Ovo doprinosi tome da se tokom zime ekstremno
niske temperature lake podnose, dok za vreme kratkog leta temperature zato
mogu dostii i +35C.
(Da li moete da zamislite ovakve temperaturne razlike?)

In the early twentieth century it was a place of reindeer


herding. Later in its heyday, the Soviet regime created a city
equipped with all necessities. It created an important
development as the mountains of the region are extremely rich
in gold, silver, platinum and other metals. However, most
residents of Oymyakon are barely above the poverty line.

Poetkom XX veka ovo je bila zemlja irvasa. Kasnije, na svom


vrhuncu, vlada SSSR je stvorila grad i opremila ga svim to je
potrebno. Poelo je obimno istraivanje jer su planine u tom
regionu veoma bogate rudama zlata, srebra, platine i dugih
metala. No, i pored toga, itelji Ojmjakona ive na ivici siromatva.

Now the city survives on local


resources (as before),
especially livestock, hunting
and fishing, and also of tourism
which is a destination for many
adventurers and eccentrics.

Danas grad preivljava (kao i pre)


samo na svojim resursima
gajenje stoke, ribolov, lov, a takoe
i od turizma, jer ga poseuju mnogi
avanturisti i ekscentrici.

About after 2 hours at -52 C


Posle 2 sata na -52C.

The mayor issues a certificate stating the visit of the coldest point, where
very few tourists come each year.

-56 C

Gradonaelnik izdaje potvrdu o poseti najhladnijem mestu malobrojnim


turistima koji ih posete tokom godine.

To reach Oymyakon one must take the Kolyma highway,


a road built by Stalins order, by convicts and political
prisoners. Many thousands of them died during the
tough construction and they were later buried under the
pavement, that is why the Kolyma highway is known as
the "road of bones."
Da biste stigli u Ojmjakon morate ii Koljma autoputem koji
je izgraen jo po Staljinovom nalogu od strane uglavnom
politikih zatvorenika. Na hiljade njih su pomrli za vreme
izgradnje. Pokopavali su ih ispod asvalta, pa je Koljma
autoput poznat i kao put kostiju.

As you can see in the image before, in winter snow


on the roads is so thick that many trucks end up
literally buried under the snow, and in summer the
route turns into a quagmire in which it is very often
bogged down.
Kao to moete videti na prethodnoj slici, zimi je sneg
na kolovozu tako debeo da mnogi kamioni zavre
zatrpani u njemu, a u leto se to pretvori u movare gde
se desi da zauvek potonu.

The vehicles arriving at


Oymyakon are equipped
with double glass to keep
out cold air from the cabin,
and the engine must
remain running for as long
as its fuel last, otherwise
it almost instantly freezes.

Vozila koja dolaze u Ojmjakon


opremljena su duplim staklima
da bi se kabine sauvale od
hladnoe, a motori se ne gase
doklegod ima goriva, jer bi se
inae momentalno zamrznuli.

The animals of the area have adapted to the rigors of time.


Oymyakon horses are very robust, short-legged and with
thick fur. They have been used in many polar expeditions.
They are semi-wild horses and rarely accept to be mounted.
They are used as beasts of burden and their meat is highly
valued by the villagers who eat very few vegetables, because
most fruits and vegetables are ruined at such low
temperatures.
ivotinje u okolini su se vremenom adaptirale na ovako
surove uslove. Ojmjakonski konji su robusni, kratkih nogu i
debelog krzna. Koristile su ih brojne polarne ekspedicije.
Poludivlji konji retko dozvole da budu jahani. Koriste se kao
tovarne ivotinje, a meso im je jako cenjeno kod lokalnog
stanovnitva, koji jedu veoma malo povra, jer voe i povre
uglavnom propadne na tako niskim temperaturama.

Water transporting

Transport vode