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TECHNICAL SEMINAR

TOPIC :

FUEL INJECTION AND


IGNITION

CONTENTS :

INTRODUCTION :

CONSTRUCTION AND WORKING :


A)FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM
B)FUEL IGNITION SYSTEM

TYPES :
C)FUEL INJECTION
D)FUEL IGNITION
MODERN DAY APPLICATIONS :
CONCLUSION :

INTRODUCTION :

A)FUEL INJECTION :

Fuel injection is a system for mixing fuel with air in


an Internal Combustion Engine.
It has become the primary fuel delivery system used
in gasoline automotive engines, having almost
completely replaced carburetors in the late 1980s.
With the advent of electronic fuel injection (EFI), the
diesel and gasoline hardware has become similar.

The primary difference between carburetors and fuel


injection is that fuel injection atomizes the fuel by
forcibly pumping it through a small nozzle under high
pressure, while a carburetor relies on low pressure
created by intake air rushing through it to add the
fuel to the airstream.
One of the first commercial fuel injection systems was
a mechanical system developed by Bosch and
introduced in 1955 on the Mercedes-Benz 300SL.

B)FUEL IGNITION :

Fuel ignition is one of the important feature in an


engine operating system.
The operation and efficiency of an internal
combustion (IC) engine is strongly linked to its
ignition timing.
It is mainly done by the usage of spark plugs in case
of petrol engine ,while in case of a diesel engine the
charge is compressed and ignited.

CONSTRUCTION AND WORKING :

A)FUEL INJECTION :
The fuel injector is only a nozzle and a valve: the
power to inject the fuel comes from a pump or a
pressure container farther back in the fuel supply.
The functional objectives for fuel injection systems
can vary.
All share the central task of supplying fuel to the
combustion process, but it is a design decision how a
particular system will be optimized.

FUEL INJECTOR

TYPES OF FUEL INJECTION :

Multi-point fuel injection:

Multi-point fuel
injection injects fuel
into the intake port just
upstream of the
cylinder's intake valve,
rather than at a central
point within an intake
manifold.

Turbocharged Direct Injection(TDI):

The engine uses direct injection where a fuel injector


sprays atomised fuel directly into the main
combustion chamber of each cylinder, rather than the
pre-combustion chamber prevalent in older diesels
which used indirect injection.
The engine is coupled with a turbocharger to increase
the amount of air going into the engine cylinders, and
an intercooler to lower the temperature (and therefore
increase the density) of the air from the turbo, thereby
increasing the amount of fuel that can be injected and
combusted.

ADVANTAGES:

These, in combination, allow for greater engine


performance.
It also decreases emissions.
Provides more torque than its petrol engined
counterpart.
The reduced material volume of the direct injection
diesel engine reduces heat losses.

A direct injection engine is also easier to start when


cold, due to more efficient placing and usage of
glowplugs.

Thereby increases engine efficiency, at the expense of


increased combustion noise.

B)TYPES OF FUEL IGNITION:

Digital Twin Spark Plug Ignition (DTS-i):

DTS-i was first introduced in the Pulsar 150/180


models in 2003.
DTS-i stands for Digital Twin Spark Plug Ignition.
In simple words it means that there are 2 spark plugs
in the single cylinder engine and the timing of
sparkplugs are controlled by a digital microprocessor.

ADVANTAGES:

The big difference between a conventional 4 stroke engines


and the DTS-i engine is the incorporation of 2 Spark Plugs.

The 2 spark plug set up leads to better burning of the air fuel
mixture, which results in delivering better fuel efficiency
without any compromise in power.

With a DTS-i engine, one gets the dual benefit of good fuel
coupled with good power as well.

The evidence of the


effectiveness of this
technology is clearly
demonstrated by the
eagerness of other
manufacturers like Royal
Enfield, which have
launched a model, the
Thunderbird Twin Spark.

Digital Twin Spark Swirl Induction (DTS-Si):

Like the DTS-i engine, the DTS-Si engine also has 2


Spark Plugs, the timing of which is controlled by a
Digital Microprocessor.
The difference between these two engines is the offset
position of the inlet and outlet ports of the DTS-Si
engine.

Effect of DTS-Si

This offset position creates


turbulence of the air-fuel
mixture inside the engine.

Benefits of DTS-Si
Technology: This enhances
the fuel efficiency of the
engine even further.

Conclusion:

As I have discussed the functions of fuel injection and


ignition and some of their types which are in common
use nowadays, these technologies have revolutionized
automobiles to a great extent.
We also have a need to fully utilize the resources
available without polluting the atmosphere.
These reasons have paved way for inventions like the
above mentioned ones.

Interesting facts

The Intel Chopper


This Intel-themed concept motorcycle was designed
and built by Orange County Choppers*
A rugged,detachable, ultra-mobile PC (UMPC)
drives the bike's technical and control systems.
This all-digital dashboard also functions like a
traditional PC, capable of supporting common
desktop applications like email, web browsing, etc.

Features:

Computerized features on the bike include:


Ignition system controlled by fingerprint recognition
software.
Sunlight-viewable, touch-screen digital dashboard.
USB camera in place of standard rear-view mirrors.
Electronically controlled hydraulic kickstand.
Integrated audio and video systems.
Wireless connectivity including Bluetooth*, Wi-Fi,
and GPS.

THANK YOU!!!