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# Polygons

Polygons
Definition: A closed figure formed by line segments so that each
segment intersects exactly two others, but only at their
endpoints.

## These figures are polygons

2

Classifications of a Polygon
Convex: No line containing a side of the polygon contains a point
in its interior

Concave:
A polygon for which there is a line
containing a side of the polygon and
a point in the interior of the polygon.
3

Classifications of a Polygon
Regular: A convex polygon in which all interior angles have the
same measure and all sides are the same length

Irregular:

congruent.

Polygon Names
3 sides

Triangle

4 sides

5 sides

Pentagon

6 sides

Hexagon

7 sides

Heptagon

8 sides

Octagon

9 sides

Nonagon

10 sides

Decagon

12 sides
n sides

Dodecago
n
n-gon 5

Regular Polygons

## Apothem of a polygon: the distance from the center to

any side of the polygon.

## We can now subdivide the polygon into triangles.

1
Area s a n
2
s side _ length
a apothem
n Number _ of _ sides
8

C
BC = 3.55 cm

cm

AB

. 15

=3

=3

.02

AC

cm

A
B
A

7
.4

cm A

3.

47

cm

BC = 5.16 cm

## Isosceles: A triangle in which at least 2 sides are equal.

A triangle in which all 3 sides are equal.

=
GI

Equilateral:

3.7

10

m
0c

GH = 3.70 cm
HI = 3.70 cm

Acute:

G
76
57
H

Obtuse:

## A triangle in which one and only one

angle is greater than 90& less than 180

47

44
28 108 C
11

## Classifying Triangles by Angles

Right: A triangle in which one and only one angle is 90
A
56
B

90

34

## Equiangular: A triangle in which all 3 angles are the same measure.

B

60

60

60
12

Classification by Sides
with Flow Charts & Venn Diagrams
polygons

Polygon

triangles

Triangle

scalene

Scalene

Isosceles

isosceles
equilateral

Equilateral

13

Classification by Angles
with Flow Charts & Venn Diagrams
Polygon

polygons
triangles

Triangle

right
acute

Right

Obtuse

Acute

Equiangular

equiangular

obtuse
14

All

sides.
They also have four angles.
The sum of the four angles
totals 360
These properties are what
but what makes them
different?

Parallelogram

## The angles that are opposite each other are

congruent (equal measure).

Rectangle

parallelogram

## A rectangle can be referred to as an

equiangular parallelogram because all
four of its angle are right, meaning
they are all 90 (four equal angles).

Rhombus

slanted square.

## A rhombus has all the properties of a

quadrilateral and all the properties of a
properties.

## A rhombus is often referred to as a

equilateral parallelogram, because it has four
sides that are congruent (each side length
has equal measure).

Square

## The square is the most specific member of

the family of quadrilaterals. The square has
the largest number of properties.

## Squares have all the properties of a

quadrilateral, all the properties of a
parallelogram, all the properties of a
rectangle, and all the properties of a
rhombus.

## A square can be called a rectangle,

rhombus, or a parallelogram because it has
all of the properties specific to those
figures.

Trapezoid

Unlike a parallelogram,
rectangle, rhombus, and
square who all have two sets
of parallel sides, a trapezoid
only has one set of parallel
sides. These parallel sides are
opposite one another. The
other set of sides are non
parallel.

Isosceles Trapezoid

## One can never assume a trapezoid is

isosceles unless they are given that the
trapezoid has specific properties of an
isosceles trapezoid.

## Isosceles is defined as having two equal

sides. Therefore, an isosceles trapezoid has
two equal sides. These equal sides are
called the legs of the trapezoid, which are
the non-parallel sides of the trapezoid.

## Both pair of base angles in an isosceles

trapezoid are also congruent.

Right Trapezoid

## A right trapezoid also has one set of

parallel sides, and one set of nonparallel sides.

## A right trapezoid has exactly two right

angles. This means that two angles
measure 90.

## There should be no problem

because its just like its name. When
you think of right trapezoid, think of
right angles!

Parallelogram

Rectangle

Square

## Its important to have a good understanding

of how each of the quadrilaterals relate to
one another.

Trapezoid

## Any quadrilateral that has two sets of

parallel sides can be considered a
parallelogram.
A rectangle and rhombus are both types of
parallelograms, and a square can be
considered a rectangle, rhombus, and a
parallelogram.

Rhombus

Isosceles

Right

Trapezoid

Trapezoid

## Any quadrilateral that has one set of

parallel sides is a trapezoid. Isosceles and
Right are two types of trapezoids.