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BUCK-BOOST CHOPPER TYPE AC VOLTAGE CONTROLLER

Presented By:
K. Bhagya Lakshmi,
ME(PED).

Introduction

AC voltage regulation is an important part of power


conversion.
A winding transformer is widely used in voltage regulation
fields such as power system, motor speed control and so on.
There are also other researches which use thyristor phase
controlled circuit to do voltage regulation.But they have some
disadvantages and those arise problems.
These problems can be solved by using high switching
frequency AC chopper i.e. Buck-Boost chopper type AC
voltage controller.

Purpose
This device is used to increase or decrease the
voltage levels according to requirement.
Best speed control is possible with this controller as it
has fast response speed.
To decrease the losses at conversion devices in ACAC systems itll well suitable i.e. transformer has
iron losses which effects on its efficiency.

Buck-Boost Chopper Type AC Voltage


Controller

Is there any devices doing the same job


as this controller?
There are two devices, can perform the AC Voltage
regulation:
1. Transformer
2. Phase Controlled Thyristor circuit
These devices has certain disadvantages and these
disadvantages are eliminated in our Buck-Boost
chopper type AC voltage controller.

1000MVA Transformer And 500KV &


20KA Thyristors

Transformer
Thyristor

Advantages over existing devices:

T/F

Phase
Controlled
Thyristor
circuit
BBCACV
C

Efficiency

Power
factor

Losses

Intial Maint.
Cost
Cost

Harmonic
Injection

Space
occupies

95-99% for
Tr.T/F
50% for
Disb. T/F

Low on
light
loads

More

High

High

Never

More

94-99%

Low

Less

Low

Low

More

Less

97-99% for
Both
Tr.,Disb

Always
high
(Unity)

Less

Low

Low

No
Harmonics

Very Less

ADVANTAGES
It can regulate the output voltage and can maintain
constant voltage at load terminals.
This can be achieved by giving feedback signal to our
Voltage Controller from load terminals through PI
controller.
Due to this feedback it can automatically regulates
the output voltage irrespective of Voltage sags &
swells.

Outstanding Application of Our


Converter

Automatic Regulation Of Output


Voltage At Load Terminals

Results with phase controlled thyristor


controller:

Results for Buck-Boost chopper type


voltage controller:

Conclusion

The Buck-Boost chopper type AC voltage regulator has many


advantages compared to the winding transformer and thyristor
phase controlled voltage regulator.
The Buck-Boost chopper type AC voltage regulator can
improve the PF and reduce the power loss caused by the
reactive and harmonic currents.