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L3 Q 14

A Submarine is traveling at 100 meters depth below water at velocity of


6m / sec. It locates enemy warship ahead on surface of water , It can fires
a torpedo at speed of 502 m/sec at 45 0 degree angle to horizontal.
Mass of torpedo is 2kg & volume 400cc. Find out horizontal distance H of
worship from submarine when torpedo should be fired such that it comes
out of water & hits the worship from top (ref figure below ).Neglect water
resistance, g =10m/sec2 (Ans = 476 meters)

H=?

T2
Vair

Torpedo
warship

T1
Submarine

45

502
0

Vh
6m/sec

Vv

T=time, b = buoyancy, a = accn, t =


torpedo
F = Force ,w = Water
Va

aw = Fw M

aw

Fb=4N

warship

45

Upward force in water = Mg - Buoyancy force Fb


Fw = - 210 + 0.4 10 = -16 N , F= mass Acc
. aw = 8.0m/sec2

H=?

Torpedo

Mg= -20N

. aw 2 = -16N

ve

6m/sec

2kg
400cc

T=time, b=buoyancy, A=accn, t=torpedo


. aw = 8.0m/sec2

H=?
Va

502

50
50

ve

Torpedo
warship

45

aw

Va2 = U2 - 2 aw s

Va2 = 2500 - 2 8100 = 900, Va = 30m/sec

6m/sec

t=time, b=buoyancy, A=accn, t=torpedo


. Va = 30m/sec

ve

H=?
Va
U

Torpedo
warship

45

aw

6m/sec

Va = U +aw tw , 30 = 50+(-8 tw ), tw =2.5 sec


V At top most point in air = 0, 0 = Va + ta g
For ta, 0 = 30 +(-10) ta, ta = 3 sec
Net air time = 2 ta= 2 3=6sec
Net travel time of torpado = 8.5 sec

ve
H=?
Va

Torpedo
warship

45

50m/sec
6m/sec
Horizontal V of torpedo = 50 + 6 = 56m/sec
This is constant during motion

Horizontal distance by torpedo = 56 8.5

= 476 m

L3 -- Q15 :A group of military soldiers ready for marching, make queue


1 km long They start marching ahead at constant speed. At the same
time a messenger starts from last solder, reaches first solider, gives
message & immediately walks back with return message .By the time
he reaches last solider the group has marched 1Km.Speed of
messenger is different but constant. Find distance traveled by
messenger

Vc m/sec

Starting B
Position
M

1km

A= first soldier,
B = last soldier,
C = messenger,,
Va m/sec

A group of military soldiers ready for marching, make queue 1 km long


They start marching ahead at constant speed. At the same time a
messenger starts from last solder, reaches first solider, gives message
& immediately walks back with return message .By the time he reaches
last solider the group has marched 1Km.Speed of messenger is
different but constant. Find distance traveled by messenger

Vc m/sec

Starting B
Position
M

1km

A= first soldier,
B = last soldier,
C = messenger,,
Va m/sec

A= first soldier,
B = last soldier,
C = messenger,,

Vc m/sec

Starting B
Position
M

1km

Va m/sec

1 + Y km
C meets A
B

1km

Y km
Y km

C meets B
1km

Time taken by
1Y
both to reach
point P is same
A point
Va P1Y

(Eq, 2)
Vc
Y
q

From Eq 1 & 2 ,
Y
1+Y

1Y
Y

2Y

Time taken by
both to reach
point P is same
point P
Va
Y

(Eq, 1)
Vc
1+Y

Y 1/2

Distance by C
= 1+2Y
= 1+ 2 1/2
=

1+ 2

A = first soldier,
B = last soldier,
C = messenger,,

Vc m/sec

Starting B
Position

1km

Va m/sec

Step 1: C meets A at point P after A travels y KM


1+Y

A travels Y km
C travels 1+y km

km

1km

Va
P

Y/T

Vc

(1+Y) / T

Y km

Time taken by both C & A to reach point


P is same

Va
Vc

Y
1+Y

(Eq, 1)

Vc m/sec

Starting B
Position

1km

A= first soldier,
B = last soldier,
C = messenger,,
Va m/sec

Step 2: C returns & meets B at point N. By that


time Ar B travels 1Km from start point
B travels 1-y
1-Y
C
1-Y
C travels y
C
A

B
1km

P
N

Va

Vc

(1-Y) / T
Y/T

Y km

Time taken by both C & B to reach point


N is same

Va
Vc

1-Y
Y

(Eq, 2)

From Eq 1 & 2 ,
Y

1+Y

2Y

1Y

1Y) (1+Y)
1Y2

Distance by C
= 1+2Y
= 1 + 2 1/2
= 1 + 2

1
1/2

A= first soldier,
B = last soldier,
C = messenger,,

Vc m/sec

Starting B
Position
M

1km

Va m/sec

1 + Y km
C meets A
B

1km

Y km
Y km

C meets B
1km

Time taken by
1Y
both to reach
point P is same
A point
Va P1Y

(Eq, 2)
Vc
Y
q

From Eq 1 & 2 ,
Y
1+Y

1Y
Y

2Y

Time taken by
both to reach
point P is same
point P
Va
Y

(Eq, 1)
Vc
1+Y

Y 1/2

Distance by C
= 1+2Y
= 1+ 2 1/2
=

1+ 2

A = first soldier,
B = last soldier,
C = messenger,,

Vc m/sec

Starting B
Position

1km

Va m/sec

Step 1: C meets A at point P after A travels y KM


1+Y

A travels Y km
C travels 1+y km

km

1km

Va
P

Y/T

Vc

(1+Y) / T

Y km

Time taken by both C & A to reach point


P is same

Va
Vc

Y
1+Y

(Eq, 1)

Vc m/sec

Starting B
Position

1km

A= first soldier,
B = last soldier,
C = messenger,,
Va m/sec

Step 2: C returns & meets B at point N. By that


time Ar B travels 1Km from start point
B travels 1-y
1-Y
C
1-Y
C travels y
C
A

B
1km

P
N

Va

Vc

(1-Y) / T
Y/T

Y km

Time taken by both C & B to reach point


N is same

Va
Vc

1-Y
Y

(Eq, 2)

From Eq 1 & 2 ,
Y

1+Y

2Y

1Y

1Y) (1+Y)
1Y2

Distance by C
= 1+2Y
= 1 + 2 1/2
= 1 + 2

1
1/2