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Cooperative Learning

Conceptual Approach

What Makes Teaching GO


caring

politeness
Knowledge
of Content

Classroom
Management Skills

enthusiasm
humor

Instructional
Strategies Instructional
skills

consideration
concern

Enthusiasm a strong feeling of interest and enjoyment about


something and eagerness to be involved in it.

Learning Together
Students work in small groups to
complete a single worksheet or task for
which the group receives praise and
recognition.
The Learning Together approach
emphasizes on training students to be good
group members and continuous evaluation
of group functioning by group members.

When CL is implemented effectively we can


expect..
Higher self-esteem
Higher achievement
Increase retention
( memory)
Greater social support
More on task behavior
Greater collaborative skills
Greater Intrinsic
Motivation

Better attitudes toward


school
Better attitudes toward
teachers
Greater use of Higher
Level Reasoning
More positive
psychological adjustment

Elements of Cooperative
Learning

Positive Interdependence
Individual Accountability
Face to face Interaction
Social Skills
Group Processing

Learning Environment- Students


Interaction
Competitive Situation me instead of you
I swim you sink, you sink, I swim

Individualistic Situation- me alone


We are each in this alone

Cooperative Situation- we as well as me


We sink and swim together

What Makes Teaching GO

Organising students Interaction


Basic elements of CL
Role of teachers
Strengthening Positive Interdependence
Promoting Individual Accountability
Teaching Social Skills
Evaluating Social and Academic Learning
CL structure

POSITIVE
INTERDEPENDENCE

Mutual ( same ) Goal


Join Reward
Share Resources
Assign Roles

Individual Accountability
Students performance is frequently
assessed.
(Will I be called on to answer for my
group)

Face-to-face Interaction
Cooperative Environment
(helping, sharing, encouraging)

Social Skills
Collaborative Skill:
Leadership, decision making, trust
building, communicating, conflict
management skills.

Group Processing
Discuss how well they are achieving
their goals.

Procedure of teaching Learning


Together cooperative learning :
18 steps

What are the steps?


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Specify instructional objective


Limit Group size
Group heterogeneity ( multi )
Arrange group in circle
Use instructional material to
promote interdependence
Arrange role to ensure
interdependence
Explain academic task
Structure positive goal
interdependence
Structure individual
accountability

10. Structure intergroup


cooperation
11. Explain criteria for success
12. Specify desired behaviours
13. Monitor students behaviour
continually for problems
14. Provide task assistance
15. Intervene ( to deal with the
probs) to teach collaborative
skills
16. Provide closure to the lesson
with summaries by students
17. Evaluate students work
18. Assess group function
through ongoing observation

Some commonly found problems in


CL groups

No participation
Not everyone accept others idea,
Sometimes it is difficult to listen to everybody in
the group,
No one compliments,
Group members might show rudeness,talk
loudly, not taking turns, always want the same
job, disagreements, lack of respect for materials,
etc

Roles of the Teacher


Making Decisions before the Lesson
begins
Setting the lesson
Monitoring and Intervening during
group work
Evaluating the product and process of
group work

CL Reflection

Do we take turn ?
Do we praise ?
Do we like to help ?
And so on ..

Are you helpful?

When I know the answer did I share with friends?


Do I encourage others in my group?
Do I use name?
Do I feel encouraged by other members?
If my answer is not the same as others, do I further
investigate?
If I do not know the answer, do I ask friends in the
group?
If my friends do not understand, do I help them?

Team-building through
What do you have in common?
Personal Storytelling
Interviews