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ARGUMENTATIVE

ESSAY

BODY OF ESSAY

INTRODUCTION
BODY / CONTENT
CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION

Introducing the topic that will be argued


State/ give short opinion about the reason
why the topic should be argued. Tell the
readers about what important things of the
topic
State your position (support or un-support
the issue), based on reasons that will be
explained in the body of the essay or
argument.

Some countries are serious about solving traffic


problems, they should tax private cars very heavily
and use the money to provide free or very cheap rail
travel.

Introduction 1

Many nations are facing massive traffic congestion


in their cities. This both makes travel difficult and
cause environmental damage. In order to solve this
problem it is necessary to establish alternative
transportation systems such as railways. In my
opinion the best way to finance the development of
public transport is to tax car drivers.

Some countries are serious about solving traffict


problems, they should tax private cars very heavily
and use the money to provide free or very cheap rail
travel.

Introduction 2

Motor cars were invented at the end of the last century and have
developed greatly over the last 100 years. In many countries
families have two cars and sometimes even three. As there are so
many cars on the road there are often traffict jams on major roads.
It can take many hours to complete a short journeynat peak times
in some major cities. Many attemps have been made to solve the
problems of bad traffict. These include limiting the times car are
allowed to drive in certain areas and making cars carry a certain
number of passengers. These schemes have met with varying
degrees of success.

Some countries are serious about solving traffict


problems, they should tax private cars very heavily
and use the money to provide free or very cheap rail
travel.

Introduction 3

Many people say that if countries are serious about


solving traffic problems, they should tax private
cars very heavily and use the money to provide
free rail travel

BODY/CONTENT
THE ARGUMENT

Give reasons that support your position


(agree/disagree).
Explain the reasons one by one.
Discuss any objections or other possible
opinions which might be different to
your opinion

Too much education is dangerous. If people receive more


education than they need to function in their job, it only
breeds dissatisfaction

FOR
Gives people unreal
expectations
Expensive
Not enough challenging
jobs to meet peoples
expectations
Students a major cause of
distruption, reject authority

AGAINST
How do you decide the level
of education a person
needs?
High level human resources
necessary for development
Uneducated people unable
to show initiative
People have the right to
attain self-fulfiment

Body/ the argument based on the plan


Some people may say that education gives people unrealistic
ambitions; the law of the market place decrees that not every one
can be a managing directors. In fact for every boss there must be
many more employees, so some countries believe there is very
little point in training people for a level of job that they can never
hope to achieve. What is more, education is expensive. Therefore
over-education is waste of time and money. Another argument
against education would be that students tend to be disruptive
influence in society. Once you encourage people to think for
themselves, it is difficult to control what they are thinking. It is
hardly surprising that students are often found at forefront of
radical organizations.

Body/ the argument cont.

In spite of the problems of over-education, most countries need a high


standard of human resources in order to compete in the world market.
Constantly changing technology means that the work-force has to be
flexible and receptive to new ideas in order to be of value to employers.
When a person is only trained to perform one job, it is not realistic to
expect him or her to adapt to a change in circumstances or an
unexpected problem. All this is not to mention the moral questions
involved in limiting education. Who has the right to say how much
education a person entitled to? What criteria could be used to decide a
level of schooling?
It may be true that a greater level education tends to make people more
radical. However, if society is not going to become static, it must be
prepared to accept new ideas. Therefore the degree of radicalism caused
by a high level of education can only serve to make the country more
adaptable aaaaand better able to whitstand social change in the long
run.

Some countries are serious about solving traffict problems,


they should tax private cars very heavily and use the money
to provide free or very cheap rail travel.

FOR
Encourage people to use
public transport
Reduce the number of cars
on the road
Cut down on traffic jams
and pollution
Save fossil fuels
Ore money to develop
infrastructure

AGAINST
Not door to door service
like cars
People like owning cars as a
symbol of prestige
Increased taxes are always
unpopular
Cheap railways would lose
money and state subsidies.

CONCLUSION

Summing up
State important reasons that support
your position/ opinion about the topic
being discussed
Give suggestions on the related topic

Some countries are serious about solving traffic problems,


they should tax private cars very heavily and use the money
to provide free or very cheap rail travel.

CONCLUSION

In order to solve the traffic congestion and


environmental damage it is necessary for a country
to establish alternative transportation systems such
as railways. However, the money used to build the
infrastructure should not be gathered from the high
tax of private cars.

Example of argumentative essay

TOPIC:
Some students in The US work while they are
earning their degrees in college; others receive
support from their families. How should a
students education be supported? Argue both
sides of the issue and defend your position.

Introduction
HOW SHOULD A STUDENTS EDUCATION BE
SUPPORTED?

Some students in the United States work while


they are earning their degrees; others received
support from their families. Both approaches
have advantages and disadvantages. In this
essay, I will name some of the advantages of
each approach, and I will argue in favor family
support.

BODY

In society where independence and individual


accomplishment are value, a student who
earned his degree by working would be greatly
admired. Friends would praise him for his
initiative and perseverance. Future employers
might be impressed by his work record. He
might derive greater satisfaction from his
personal investment on it.

On the other hand, in a society where cooperation and


family dependence are value, a student who received
support would be better understood. Friends would
praise him for his effort on behalf of his family.
Future employers would not expect a work record
from a student. He might feel greater responsibility
toward others in his family because the
accomplishment was shared. Thus not one but every
family member would be assured some opportunity
or benefit.

I or my part, I must argue in favor of family


support. While I study at an American
University, my older brother will send me
money every month. When I finish my degree
and find a job, I will send my younger sister to
a school or university. It may not be a better
way, but it is the way that my society rewards.

CONCLUSION

To sum up, I would like to suggest that both


approaches have their own advantages. Students
earning the degree by themselves is good, but
receiving support from family is not worse at all.
However, societys value should also be considered.
As student, when you receive money from family to
earn your degree, it doesnt mean that you dont need
to reach a good result of study. You have to work
harder than those who earn their degree by working.

FOR YOUR ASSIGNMENT


Online education is becoming more
popular, and many traditional
universities now offer online degree
courses. In the future students will
study online at home rather than at
university.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
you should support your idea, knowledge and experience to support
your argument with examples and relevant evidence.