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LTE/SAE Overview

LTE/SAE Fundamentals Course

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Module Objectives
After completing this module, the participant should be able to:

Understand the reasons driving to the LTE/SAE project.


List the LTE/SAE main requirements.
Discuss the future of wireless communications.
Compare LTE/SAE capabilities with other mobile technologies.
Review the 3GPP specification work concerning LTE/SAE.
Identify the major steps in the Network Architecture Evolution
towards an LTE/SAE network.
Underline the LTE/SAE key features.
Briefly explain the basics of the LTE Air Interface.
Name the Standardisation bodies around LTE/SAE.
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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Module Contents
Why LTE?
LTE main requirements
LTE versus other Mobile technologies
LTE Specification work done and scheduled
Network Architecture Evolution
LTE key features
Basics of the LTE Air Interface
Standardisation around LTE
LTE Summary

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Module Contents
Why LTE?
LTE main requirements
LTE versus other Mobile technologies
LTE Specification work done and scheduled
Network Architecture Evolution
LTE key features
Basics of the LTE Air Interface
Standardisation around LTE
LTE Summary

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

A little bit of History


New technologies developed in the last 15

years in telecommunication brought available


transmission rates to a total new level.
Two systems have affected the life of nearly
everyone:
mobile communication via 2G network
like GSM
Wired & wireless data connectivity
(xDSL & WLAN IEEE 802.11/a/b/g
standards)
3G networks the first step towards a
convergence between both networks

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

The way to LTE: 3 main 3G limitations


1.- The maximum bit rates still are factor of 20 and more
behind the current state of the art systems like 802.11n and
802.16e/m. Even the support for higher mobility levels is not an
excuse for this.
2.- The latency of user plane traffic (UMTS: >30 ms) and of
resource assignment procedures (UMTS: >100 ms) is too big
to handle traffic with high bit rate variance efficiently.
3.- The terminal complexity for WCDMA or MC-CDMA systems
is quite high, making equipment expensive, resulting in poor
performing implementations of receivers and inhibiting the
implementation of other performance enhancements.

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

The way to the Long-Term Evolution (LTE): a 3GPP


driven initiative
LTE is 3GPP system for the years 2010 to 2020 and
beyond.
It shall especially compete with WiMAX 802.16e/m
It must keep the support for high and highest
mobility users like in GSM/UMTS networks
The architectural changes are big compared to
UMTS
LTE shall be ready for commercial launch around
2010.

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

What are the LTE challenges?


The Users expectation

..leads to the operators challenges

Best price, transparent flat rate


Full Internet
Click-bang responsiveness

reduce cost per bit


provide high data rate
provide low latency

User experience will have an


impact on ARPU

Price per Mbyte has to be reduced


to remain profitable

Throughput

Latency

Fa
cto
r

2-3
or

10

ct
Fa

HSPA

Cost per MByte

LTE

HSPA

LTE

UMTS

HSPA

I-HSPA

LTE

LTE: lower cost per bit and improved end user experience
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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Reduction of network cost is necessary to remain


profitable

Traffic volume

Traffic

Revenues and Traffic


decoupled

Profitability

/bit

Revenue

Network
cost

Time

Voice
dominated

Data
dominated

Source: Light Reading (adapted)


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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Module Contents
Why LTE?
LTE main requirements
LTE versus other Mobile technologies
LTE Specification work done and scheduled
Network Architecture Evolution
LTE key features
Basics of the LTE Air Interface
Standardisation around LTE
LTE Summary

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

LTE = Long Term Evolution


Next step for

GSM/WCDMA/HSPA
and CDMA

A true global roaming technology

Peak data rates of 173


Mbps/58 Mbps

Enhanced consumer experience

Low latency 10-20 ms


Scalable bandwidth of
1.4 20 MHz

Easy to introduce on any


frequency band

OFDM technology
Flat, scalable IP based

Decreased cost / GB

architecture

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Schedule for 3GPP releases


Next step for

A true global roaming technology

GSM/WCDMA/HSPA
and cdma2000
Specification:
IMS
HSDPA
UMTS Rel 99/4
2000

UMTS Rel 5
2003

MBMS
WLAN IW
HSUPA

IMS Evolution
LTE Studies

LTE & EPC

UMTS Rel 6

UMTS Rel 7

UMTS Rel 8

2005

2007

2008

2009

year

LTE have been developed by the same standardization organization. The target has been
simple multimode implementation and backwards compatibility.
HSPA and LTE have in common:
Sampling rate using the same clocking frequency
Same kind of Turbo coding
The harmonization of these parameters is important as sampling and Turbo decoding are
typically done on hardware due to high processing requirements.
WiMAX and LTE do not have such harmonization.
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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Comparison of Throughput and Latency (1/2)


Enhanced consumer experience:

Peak data rates of

173 Mbps/58 Mbps

- drives subscriber uptake


- allow for new applications

Low latency 10-20

- provide additional revenue streams

ms

350
300

Mbps

250

Max. peak data rate


Downlink
Uplink

Latency (Rountrip delay)*

200
150

GSM/
EDGE

100

HSPA
Rel6

50
0
HSPA R6

Evolved HSPA
(Rel. 7/8, 2x2
MIMO)

LTE 2x20 MHz


(2x2 MIMO)

LTE 2x20
MHz (4x4
MIMO)

HSPAevo
(Rel8)
LTE

min max

20

40

* Server near RAN

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

60

80

100

120

140

160

180

DSL (~20-50 ms, depending on operator)

200 ms

Comparison of Throughput and Latency (2/2)


Enhanced consumer experience:

Control plane latency


<100 ms

- drives subscriber uptake


- allow for new applications
- provide additional revenue streams

ACTIVE

IDLE
(no resources)

Resource
Allocated

No resource

< 100 ms

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

< 50 ms

Scalable
Bandwidth
Scalable bandwidth

Easy to introduce on any


frequency band: Frequency
Refarming
(Cost efficient deployment on lower

Scalable bandwidth
of 1.4 20 MHz

frequency bands supported)


Urban
2.6 GHz

LTE
UMTS

2.1 GHz

or
2.6 GHz
2.1 GHz
2006

LTE
LTE

UMTS
2008

2010

2012

2014

2016

2018

2020

Rural
UMTS

900 MHz GSM

LTE

or

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2006

LTE

GSM

900 MHz

2008

2010

2012

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

2014

2016

2018

2020

Increased Spectral Efficiency


OFDMA technology
increases Spectral
efficiency

LTE efficiency is 3 x HSPA R6 in


downlink
HSPA R7 and WiMAX have Similar
Spectral Efficiency

All cases assume 2-antenna terminal reception


HSPA R7, WiMAX and LTE assume 2-antenna BTS transmission (2x2 MIMO)

ITU contribution from


WiMAX Forum shows
downlink 1.3 and uplink 0.8
bps/Hz/cell

Reference:
- HSPA R6 and LTE R8 from 3GPP R1-071960
- HSPA R6 equalizer from 3GPP R1-063335
- HSPA R7 and WiMAX from NSN/Nokia
simulations

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Reduced Network Complexity


Flat, scalable IP based
architecture

Flat Architecture: 2 nodes architecture


IP based Interfaces

Flat, IP based architecture


Access

Core

Control

MME

IMS

HLR/HSS

Internet
Evolved Node B
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GateWay

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

LTE/SAE Requirements Summary


1.- Simplify the RAN:
- Reduce the number of different types of RAN nodes, and their
complexity.
- Minimize the number of RAN interface types.
2.- Increase throughput.
3.- Reduce latency (which is a prerequisite for CS replacement).
4.- Improve spectrum efficiency.
5.- Provide greater flexibility with regard to the frequency bands in which the
system may be deployed (Frequency Refarming)
6.- Migrate to a PS only domain in the core network.
7.- Provide efficient support for a variety of different services. Traditional CS
services will be supported via VoIP, etc.
8.- Minimise the presence of single points of failure in the network above
the evolved Node Bs (eNBs).
9.- Support inter-working with existing 3G systems and non-3GPP specified
systems in order to support handover to/from these systems.
A more detailed list of the requirements and objectives for LTE can be found
in TR25.913 from 3GPP..
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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Module Contents
Why LTE?
LTE main requirements
LTE versus other Mobile technologies
LTE Specification work done and scheduled
Network Architecture Evolution
LTE key features
Basics of the LTE Air Interface
Standardisation around LTE
LTE Summary

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

History and Future of Wireless


1990

mobility

2000

2005

2010
time

WCDMA/cdma2000
HIGH

GSM/IS95
AMPS

3G

LTE

HSPA

3G Enhacements

3G Evolution

2G

1G

WiMAX Family
802.16a/d

LOW

WLAN Family
< 200 kbps

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802.11
< 1 Mbps

< 10 Mbps

802.11a/b/g
< 50 Mbps

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

802.16e
802.11n
< 100 Mbps

data rates
< 1 Gbps

WiMAX and HSPA/LTE Technology Positioning


Spectrum

HSPA for paired FDD spectrum


LTE initially for paired FDD
spectrum
WiMAX initially for unpaired TDD
spectrum

Licenced
Licenced
FDD
FDDband
band

HSPA/LTE
HSPA/LTE

Licenced
Licenced
TDD
TDDband
band

WiMAX
WiMAX

Interworking

Tight interworking between 3GPP


technologies (HSPA, LTE) including
common network management and
handovers
Loose interworking between 3GPP
and WiMAX

GSM
WCDMA
LTE

Terminals and services

LTE terminals include GSM/HSPA for full coverage

WiMAX/LTE initially in USB modems and embedded

in laptops while GSM/HSPA supports also CS voice


HSPA/LTE/WiMAX for broadband IP services

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Different Mobile Technologies Capability Limits


WCDMA
HSPA R6
Theoretical peak bit rate in
ideal case DL/UL
Latency (round trip)

HSPA R7
(HSPA+)

WiMAX TDD
20 MHz

14 / 5 Mbps 42 / 11 Mbps 80 / 16 Mbps

LTE R8 FDD
2x20 MHz

WLAN
802.11g/n

160 / 50
Mbps

54 Mbps
260Mbps

50 ms

30 ms

30 ms

10 ms

<5 ms

Spectral efficiency data


DL/UL [bps/Hz/cell]

0.7 / 0.4

1.4 / 0.6

1.5 / 0.6

2.1 / 0.9

<0.51.0

Spectral efficiency voice


[users/MHz/cell]

1823

30

18

4555

12

Max path loss 1 Mbps / 64 kbps

162 dB

162 dB

153 dB

162 dB

110 dB

Spectrum

IMT-2000 bands

IMT-2000 bands

2300, 2500, 3500

IMT-2000 bands

2400, 5400

Cell range in urban area


(indoor outdoor)

2.87.4 km

2.87.4 km

0.61.5 km

2.87.4 km

30100 m

All radio standards show comparable performance under comparable conditions and similar feature set:
Laws of physics apply to all of them (Shannon Theory)
User rates mainly depend on bandwidth, modulation/coding and availability of MIMO (2x2 assumed)
Spectrum Efficiency is determined by Frequency Reuse and Feature Set (e.g. FSPS, MIMO, )
Latency (e.g. PING Performance) depends on chosen Frame Duration or TTI
Coverage depends on frequency band, RF power limitations and duplex mode

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Module Contents
Why LTE?
LTE main requirements
LTE versus other Mobile technologies
LTE Specification work done and scheduled
Network Architecture Evolution
LTE key features
Basics of the LTE Air Interface
Standardisation around LTE
LTE Summary

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

3GPP LTE specification work completed so far

End 2004 3GPP workshop on UTRAN Long Term Evolution


March 2005
Study item started
December 2005
Multiple Access selected
March 2006
Functionality split between radio and core
September 2006 Study item closed & approval of the work items
December 2007
1st version of all radio specs approved
March 2008
3GPP Release 8 Stage 1 specifications were frozen
December 2008
3GPP Release 8 to be frozen

FEASIBILITY STUDY

2H/2005

1H/2006

Multiple Access
Decision
Japan

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RAN/CN
functional split

2H/2006

1H/2007

Feasibility study
closed

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

2H/2007

Radio
specifications
approved

3GPP LTE specification schedule


2008

Demonstrate LTE
Air Interface
Japan
Performance

2009
2010

2011

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2009

Operator Trials.
Friendly-use
networks

2010

LTE Networks
Launch:
commercial
solution available

2011 & beyond

Large Scale LTE Networks.


VoIP service optimized.
3GPP R9

2100 and 1700 MHz frequency bands selected


Additional frequency bands added (700 & 2600 MHz). Inter
RAT Mobility. LTE capable devices.
Network Sharing. Self-optimized networks. Part of 3GPP
Release 9.

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Module Contents
Why LTE?
LTE main requirements
LTE versus other Mobile technologies
LTE Specification work done and scheduled
Network Architecture Evolution
LTE key features
Basics of the LTE Air Interface
Standardisation around LTE
LTE Summary

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

NSN Network Architecture Evolution (1/4)


3GPP Rel 6 / HSPA
Internet
Node B

RNC

SGSN

GGSN
User plane
Control Plane

Original 3G architecture.
2 nodes in the RAN.
2 nodes in the PS Core Network.
Every Node introduces additional delay.
Common path for User plane and Control plane data.
Air interface based on WCDMA.
RAN interfaces based on ATM.
Option for Iu-PS interface to be based on IP.
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NSN Network Architecture Evolution (2/4)


3GPP Rel 7 / HSPA

SGSN
GGSN

Internet
Node B

RNC

Direct tunnel
User plane
Control Plane

Separated path for Control Plane and User Plane data in the PS

Core Network.
Direct GTP tunnel from the GGSN to the RNC for User plane data:
simplifies the Core Network and reduces Signalling.
First step towards a flat network Architecture.
30% core network OPEX and CAPEX savings with Direct Tunnel.
The SGSN still controls traffic plane handling, performs session and
mobility management, and manages paging.
Still 2 nodes in the RAN.
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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

NSN Network Architecture Evolution (3/4)


3GPP Rel 7 / Internet HSPA

SGSN
GGSN

Internet
Node B
(RNC Funct.)

Direct tunnel
User plane
Control Plane

I-HSPA introduces the first true flat architecture to WCDMA.


Standardized in 3GPP Release 7 as Direct Tunnel with collapsed
RNC.
Most part of the RNC functionalities are moved to the Node B.
Direct Tunnels runs now from the GGSN to the Node B.
Solution for cost-efficient broadband wireless access.
Improves the delay performance (less node in RAN).
Deployable with existing NSN WCDMA base stations.
Transmission savings
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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

NSN Network Architecture Evolution (4/4)


3GPP Rel 8 / LTE

MME
SAE GW

Internet
Evolved Node B

Direct tunnel
User plane
Control Plane

LTE takes the same Flat architecture from Internet HSPA.


Air interface based on OFDMA.
All-IP network.
New spectrum allocation (i.e 2600 MHz band)
Possibility to reuse spectrum (i.e. 900 MHZ)

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

NSN Network Architecture Evolution - Summary


3GPP Rel 6 / HSPA
Internet
Node B

RNC

3GPP Rel 7 / HSPA

SGSN

GGSN

SGSN
GGSN

Internet
Node B

3GPP Rel 7 / Internet HSPA

RNC

Direct tunnel
SGSN
GGSN

Internet
Node B
(RNC Funct.)

3GPP Rel 8 / LTE

Direct tunnel
MME
SAE GW

Internet
Evolved Node B
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Direct tunnel

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Module Contents
Why LTE?
LTE main requirements
LTE versus other Mobile technologies
LTE Specification work done and scheduled
Network Architecture Evolution
LTE key features
Basics of the LTE Air Interface
Standardisation around LTE
LTE Summary

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

LTE/SAE Key Features


EPS ( Evolved Packet System ) /
SAE ( System Architecture Evolution ) /
LTE ( Long Term Evolution )
EUTRAN
( Evolved UTRAN )

EPC ( Evolved Packet Core )

IP Network
IP Network

IP Network

OFDMA/SC-FDMA
MIMO ( beam-forming/
spatial multiplexing)

Evolved Node B /
No RNC

PS Domain only,
No CS Domain

HARQ

IP Transport Layer

IP Transport Layer

Scalable bandwidth

UL/DL resource
scheduling

QoS Aware

(1.4, 3, 5, 10, .. 20 MHz)

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QoS Aware

3GPP (GTP) or
IETF (MIPv6)

Self Configuration

Prepared for
Non-3GPP Access

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

LTE/SAE Key Features EUTRAN 1/2


Evolved NodeB
No RNC is provided anymore
The evolved Node Bs take over all radio management functionality.
This will make radio management faster and hopefully the network
architecture simpler
IP transport layer
EUTRAN exclusively uses IP as transport layer
UL/DL resource scheduling
In UMTS physical resources are either shared or dedicated
Evolved Node B handles all physical resource via a scheduler and assigns
them dynamically to users and channels
This provides greater flexibility than the older system
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LTE/SAE Key Features EUTRAN 2/2


QoS awareness
The scheduler must handle and distinguish different quality of service
classes
Otherwise real time services would not be possible via EUTRAN
The system provides the possibility for differentiated service
Self configuration
Currently under investigation
Possibility to let Evolved Node Bs configure themselves
It will not completely substitute the manual configuration and optimization.

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LTE/SAE Key Features EPC (Evolved Packet Core)

Packet Switched Domain only


No circuit switched domain is provided
If CS applications are required, they must be implemented via IP
Only one mobility management for the UE in LTE.
3GPP (GTP) or IETF (MIPv6) option
The EPC can be based either on 3GPP GTP protocols (similar to PS
domain in UMTS/GPRS) or on IETF Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6)
Non-3GPP access
The EPC will be prepared also to be used by non-3GPP access networks
(e.g. LAN, WLAN, WiMAX, etc.)
This will provide true convergence of different packet radio access system

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Module Contents
Why LTE?
LTE main requirements
LTE versus other Mobile technologies
LTE Specification work done and scheduled
Network Architecture Evolution
LTE key features
Basics of the LTE Air Interface
Standardisation around LTE
LTE Summary

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Multiple Access Methods


TDMA
Time Division

User 2

User 1

User 3

User ..

OFDMA

FDMA

CDMA

Frequency Division

Code Division

Frequency Division
Orthogonal subcarriers

s
e
d
co

OFDM is the state-of-the-art and most efficient and robust air interface
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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

LTE/SAE Air Interface 1/3


OFDMA
Downlink multiplexing
Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Acces
Receiver complexity is at a reasonable level
it supports various modulation schemes from BPSK, QPSK,
16QAM to 64 QAM.
SC-FDMA
Uplink multiplexing
Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access, a variant
of OFDMA
The advantage against OFDMA to have a lower PAPR
(Peak-to-Average Power Ratio) meaning less power
consumption and less expensive RF amplifiers in the
terminal.
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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

64QAM
Modulation

LTE/SAE Air Interface 2/3


MIMO
Multiple Input Multiple Output
LTE will support MIMO as an option,
It describes the possibility to have multiple transmitter
and receiver antennas in a system.
Up to four antennas can be used by a single LTE cell
(gain: spatial multiplexing)
MIMO is considered to be the core technology to increase
spectral efficiency.
HARQ
Hybrid Automatic Retransmission on reQuest
HARQ has already been used for HSDPA and HSUPA.
HARQ especially increases the performance (delay and
throughput) for cell edge users.
HARQ simply implements a retransmission protocol on
layer 1/layer 2 that allows to send retransmitted blocks
with different coding than the first one.
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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

TX

RX
Tx

MIMO
Channel

HARQ Hybrid
Automatic
Repeat Request

Rx

LTE/SAE Air Interface 3/3


Scalable bandwidth
LTE air interface allows to drive cells with
1.4 MHz, 3 MHz, 5 MHz, 10MHz & 20 MHz.
This gives the required flexibility for
operators to use spectrum allocations not
available to a non-scalable wide-band or
ultra-wide-band system.

scalable

DL: OFDMA
UL: SC-FDMA

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Requirements for LTE Air Interface


OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access)
HSDPA (Rel6)

Target

SAE/LTE

Peak Bit Rate


(Mbps)

14.4

> 100

144

Spectral
Efficiency
(bps/Hz/cell)

0.75

3..4 times
HSDPA

1.84

DOWNLINK
UPLINK
SC-FDMA (Single Carrier Frequency Division Multiple Access)

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HSUPA (Rel6)

Target

SAE/LTE

Peak Bit Rate


(Mbps)

5.67

> 50

57

Spectral
Efficiency
(bps/Hz/cell)

0.26

2..3 times
HSUPA

0.67

SC-FDMA is technically close to OFDMA, but is more power efficient


LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Module Contents
Why LTE?
LTE main requirements
LTE versus other Mobile technologies
LTE Specification work done and scheduled
Network Architecture Evolution
LTE key features
Basics of the LTE Air Interface
Standardisation around LTE
LTE Summary

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Standardisation around LTE


Is a collaboration agreement that was established in
December 1998. The collaboration agreement brings
together a number of telecommunications standards
bodies :ARIB, CCSA, ETSI, ATIS, TTA, and TTC.
More in www.3gpp.org
Next Generation Mobile Networks. Is a group of mobile
operators, to provide a coherent vision for technology
evolution beyond 3G for the competitive delivery of
broadband wireless services.
More in www.ngmn.org

LSTI
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LTE/SAE Trial Initiative. Is was founded in may 2007


by a group of leading telecommunications companies.
Its aim is to prove the potential and benefits that the
LTE technology can offer.

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Network Architecture

TS 23.401
TS 23.402
TR 23.882

General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) enhancements for Long Term Evolution (LTE) access
3GPP System Architecture Evolution (SAE): Architecture enhancements for non-3GPP accesses
3GPP system architecture evolution (SAE): Report on technical options and conclusions

Evolved Packet Core

TR 29.803
TR 29.804

3GPP System Architecture Evolution (SAE): CT WG4 aspects


3GPP System Architecture Evolution (SAE): CT WG3 aspects

Evolved UTRAN

TS 36.101
TS 36.104
TS 36.141
TS 36.201
TS 36.211
TS 36.212
TS 36.213
TS 36.214
TS 36.300
TS 36.302
TS 36.304
TS 36.306
TS 36.321
TS 36.322
TS 36.323
TS 36.331
TS 36.401
TS 36.410
TS 36.411
TS 36.412
TS 36.413
TS 36.414
TS 36.420
TS 36.421
TS 36.422
TS 36.423
TS 36.424
TS 36.508
TS 36.521-1
TS 36.521-2
TS 36.523-1
TS 36.523-2
TS 36.523-3
TR 36.801
TR 36.803
TR 36.804
TR 36.938
TR 36.942

User Equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception


Base Station (BS) radio transmission and reception
Base Station (BS) conformance testing
Physical layer; General description
Physical channels and modulation
Multiplexing and channel coding
Physical layer procedures
Physical layer; Measurements
EUTRAN Overall description; Stage 2
Services provided by the physical layer
User Equipment (UE) procedures in idle mode
User Equipment (UE) radio access capabilities
Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol specification
Radio Link Control (RLC) protocol specification
Packet Data Convergence Protocol (PDCP) specification
Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol specification
Architecture description
S1 general aspects and principles
S1 layer 1
S1 signalling transport
S1 Application Protocol (S1 AP)
S1 data transport
X2 general aspects and principles
X2 layer 1
X2 signalling transport
X2 Application Protocol (X2AP)
X2 data transport
Common test environments for User Equipment (UE) conformance testing
User Equipment (UE) conformance specification Radio transmission and reception Part 1: conformance testing
User Equipment (UE) conformance specification Radio transmission and reception Part 2: ICS
User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Part 1: Protocol conformance specification
User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Part 2: ICS
User Equipment (UE) conformance specification; Part 3: ATS
Measurement Requirements
User Equipment (UE) radio transmission and reception
Base Station (BS) radio transmission and reception
Improved network controlled mobility between LTE and 3GPP2/mobile WiMAX radio technologies
Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA); Radio Frequency (RF) system scenarios

3GPP LTE/SAE
Specification
Series

For public use IPR applies


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Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

NGMN Consortium

For public use IPR applies


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Nokia Siemens Networks

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

LSTI (LTE-SAE Trial Initiative)


- joint test bed for LTE worldwide

.. active parties within LSTI


LSTI initiatives goals/objectives

Schedule & Program Office:

demonstrate feasibility and


capabilities of 3GPP LTE-SAE
technology under real world
conditions. Indoor & outdoor tests

2007

2008

Test of OFDM Air Interface

accelerate development of 3GPP


specification by identifying
shortcomings out of test phases

reduce risk of market introduction of


new LTE-SAE technology

IODT

2010

Proof of Concept
Test of basic
functions
Interoperability

IOT
Friendly customer
trials
Public Relation work

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Nokia Siemens Networks

2009

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Trials
PR

Module Contents
Why LTE?
LTE main requirements
LTE versus other Mobile technologies
LTE Specification work done and scheduled
Network Architecture Evolution
LTE key features
Basics of the LTE Air Interface
Standardisation around LTE
LTE Summary

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Overview of LTE/SAE design benefits


Flat Overall Architecture
2-node architecture
All-IP
Improved Radio Principles
peak data rates [Mbps ]: 173 DL , 58 UL
Scalable BW: 1.4, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20 MHz
Short latency: 10 20 ms
New Core Architecture
Simplified Protocol Stack
Simple, more efficient QoS

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Nokia Siemens Networks

Access

Core

LTE BTS
(eNodeB)

MME/GW

OFDMA in DL
SC-FDMA in UL

eUtran

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

IMS

HLR/HS
S

RF Modulation:

RAN

Control

MME

GW

Appendix

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LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

The right solution for each segment


W-CDMA/HSPA
For operators with 3G spectrum

WiMAX

LTE

Broad terminal eco system

Fixed or mobile network operators with WiMAX


spectrum

Mainstream; 3G evolution leverage large


installed 3G base

High data security and QoS

Device eco system started to evolve

Quick and cost-effective upgrade


of existing networks

Optimized wireless-DSL services

Utilizes 2G and 3G spectrum efficient refarming with flexible bandwidth

High capacity and low latency

Broad terminal eco system expected

Seamless 2G/3G handover


global coverage, global roaming

Flat and IP based architecture

Highest capacity, lowest latency

Short term availability

Very flat and IP based architecture

Proven technology

High speed data rates


with full mobility
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High speed data with


limited mobility

LTE/SAE Overview / Jose Maria Anarte / v 1.0 / Document Number

Broadband multimedia
with full mobility