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Report Text

Report text is a kind of text which


has social function to describe the
way things are, with the reference
to a range of natural, man made and
social phenomena in our environment.

Its generic structure are :


General Classification : Tells
what the phenomenon under
discussion is.
Description : Tells what the
phenomenon under discussion
is like in item of (1) part,
(2) qualities, (3) habits or
behaviors if living, uses,
if non natural.

Report Text Lexicogmatical


Feature

Focus on generic participants


Use of relational process to state what is and that which it is
Use of simple present tense (unless extinct)
No temporal sequence

The Example
Your body needs energy produce minerals, vitamins and fibre. In order
to get all of these, it is import onto have a varied and balanced diet, and to eat the
right amount of food for our body burns food to the energy: the amount of energy
provided by food is measured in units called calories.
How many calories do you need? This depends on your weight and on
what you do. When you asleep, your body uses nearly one calorie an hour for
every kilogram of weight so a person who weights seventy kilos uses about 560
calories while sleeping for eight hours. More calories are needed for different
activities from 100 calories an hour for reading or watching TV to 350 calories an
hour for playing football.
To calculate the number of calories needed per day for an everage
person, first find out the person ideal weight. Then multiply the weight by 40 for a
woman or 46 for a man. A 60 kilos woman may need about 2400 calories a day
more if she does heavy physical work and less if she is very inactive.

The Questions From Sample Text


1. Our body needs energy produce minerals,
1. What does our body
vitamins, and fibre. In order to get all of
need? And what
those, we have to have a varied and
balanced diet and eat the right amount of
have we to do to get
food for our body burns food to energy.
all of those?
2. It is the units of the
2. What do
amount of energy provided
calories mean?
by food measured.
3. This depends on your weight
3. What does
and on what you do. When
calories that we
you asleep, your body uses
need depend on?
nearly one calorie an hour
And how do they
for every kilogram of
influence?
weight. More calories are
needed for different
4. What must we do
activities from 100 calories
5. The title is
to calculate the
an hour for reading or
Our
number of calories
watching TV to 350 calories
Calories
needed?
an hour for playing football.
Need
4. First we must find out the person
5. Give the suitable title
ideal weight. Then multiply the weight
for the text!
by 40 for a woman or 46 for a man.

Descriptive Text Definition +


Structure
Descriptive Text is a kind of text
which has social function to
describe a particular person,
place or thing. Its generic
structure are :

Description : Describes parts,


qualities, characteristics

Identification :
Identifies
phenomenon to be
described

Descriptive Text Lexicogramatical

The significant
lexicogramatical features of
descriptive text are :

Focus on specific participants


Use of attributive and identifying
processes
Frequent use of Ephitets and Classifier
in nominal groups
Use of simple present tense

The Example

Cendrawasih, The Bird of Paradis


In the dense forest of West Papua, there lives a group of birdes with brightly coloured feathers. The birds are
commonly known as Cendrawasih. Their colours are so fantastic that people believe that they are from
Paradise. People think that nothing else on earth has such glittering colours. In fact, only the males have
these colourful feathers. The male birds display on the most colourful part of their feathers to attract females
for mating. They try to attract as many females as possible before the end of the mating season. The males
take no part in making a nest. Neither do they incubate the eggs nor rear the chicks. The female build a nest
of leaves in a tree. It is about four to ten metres above the ground. They incubate two to four eggs for three
weeks. By the time they leave the nest, the tail feathers of the male chick will have grown into a fantastic
shape. The native of West Papua have used this birds feathers for their head decorations for many years.
This has never endangered the birds population. However, the birds populations is now in real danger since
people from other places have started to use the colourful feathers for commercial hat making.

The Questions from The Example


Text
1.
2.
3.
4.

Why do people believe the birds come from Paradise?


Why does the male bird like to display his colourful feathers?
Where does the female bird build her nest?
How many days does the female Cendrawasih incubate her
eggs?
5. How do people endanger the population of the bird?
1. Since the birds colours are so fantastic and people
think that nothing else on earth has such glittering
colours.
2. To attract females for mating.
3. She builds her nest of leaves in a tree which is
about four to ten metres above the ground.
4. For three weeks.
5. By start to use the colourful feathers of the birds for
commercial hat making.