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ADE Phones NTC Peshawar

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Introduction to the EWSD

The EWSD system is divided into different functional areas

called subsystems coordinated by a central system

Each subsystem having its own microprocessor control

example: Group Processor in the LTG (Line /Trunk Group)
in the functional area of Access.

The may be divided into the following units

 Control

 Switching

 Signaling

 Access

 Power

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EWSD system
logically looks
like this…

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Control belongs to the area which is

responsible for the coordination of the
various subunits. Control consists of the

 Coordination Processor (CP)

 Message Buffer (MB)
 System Panel (SYP)
 Central Clock Generator (CCG)

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Coordination Processor

The CP performs the following

functions in a network node:
 Call processing
 Operation and maintenance

 Safeguarding

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CP (continued…)

The CP consists of the following


 Base Processors
 Call Processors

 Input / Output Control

 Bus for Common Memory

 Common Memory

 Input / Output Processors

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Relationship between
various Units of CP

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Various CP units
BAP: The BAPMs and the BAPSs provide the same software functional units.
CAP: The CAPs mainly include software for call processing functions.
IOC: IOCs have only firmware for communication with the call processing, O&M
and data communication peripheries.
BCMY: The bus for common memory (BCMY) connects all processors (BAP, CAP),
including the input/output controls (IOC), with each other and with the
common memory (CMY).
CMY: The common memory (CMY) includes, among other things, the common
database for all processors, plus the input and output lists for the IOP. The
CMY is duplicated in order to ensure a high level of availability.
IOP: Different types of input/output processors (IOP) connect the CP113D with the
other units in the network node, the external bulk memories, the operation
and maintenance terminal, the operation and maintenance center (OMC, via
data lines) and computer centers (also via data lines).

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Message Buffer

The task of MB is to control the exchange of

messages between the following subsystems:

 Coordination Processor (CP) and line/trunk

groups (LTG): Commands and Messages
 CP and switch group controls (SGC) of the
switching network: Setting commands for the
 LTGs among one another: Reports
 LTGs and the common channel signaling
network control (CCNC):Orders

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Message Buffer
Message Buffer Group:
The message buffer is divided into functional groups
called Message Buffer Groups according to the
expansion concept. One message buffer group consists
of one message buffer unit for Switch Group Control
and two message buffer units for LTG.

In the least configuration, at least one message buffer

group may exist with at least one MBUL and one MBUS
active where as the other MBUL may be inactive.

In the highest configuration, there are up to 4 message

buffer groups with 4 MBUS and 8 MBUL.

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Message Buffer
Illustration of Message Buffer

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Message Buffer Continued…

Logical diagram

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Central Clock Generator

In order to switch and transmit digital information,

the sequence of operations must be synchronous
throughout the equipment involved.

This requires a clock supply with a high level of

reliability, precision and consistency for all the
nodes in the digital network.

This task is fulfilled by the central clock generator


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Central Clock Generator
Depending upon the accuracy required, the following two modes of
operation are possible:

Synchronous: with external reference frequencies (fR): the

precision of the CCG output clocks depends here on the tolerance of
the controlling reference frequency. The tolerance in synchronous
networks with international digital traffic and synchronization of the
master nodes by cesium (Cs) standards is: 10−11 (CCITT G.811).

Plesiochronous: (self-synchronization) without external

reference frequencies for the master nodes in national synchronous
networks (without international digital traffic). The precision of the CCG
output clocks depends here on the tolerance of the oscillator frequency
generated in the master CCG. This tolerance is: 10-8

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System Panel

The purpose of the system panel is to display alarms and

advisories of internal and external supervisory units outside
the system) both visually and acoustically.

It is divided into two parts namely the System Panel Control

and the System Panel Display unit.

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System Panel

System Panel Control

This utilizes the free space in the Message Buffer

Rack. It is connected with the IOP:MB in the

Although itself it is not redundant, it has a

redundant connection with the CP via two
IOP:MBs, each belonging to a different side.

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System Panel

System Panel Display

The system panel display unit is connected with the

control (SYP) via a cable but can be placed at any
suitable place within the exchange by direct connection
or in an OMC using some transmission system.

This unit is responsible to display alarms and

advisories of internal and external supervisory units
(outside the system) both visually and acoustically. It is
also responsible to show the CP load(in ERL) and the
current date and time of the system.

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System Panel

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By virtue of its high data transmission quality, the

switching network can switch connections for
various types of service (for example telephony,
facsimile, teletext, data transmission).

This means that it is also ready for the Integrated

Services Digital Network (ISDN).

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 Duplicated (full redundancy)

 Highly-Integrated switching network modules
 One space stage module can handle up to 1024
simultaneous calls with full redundancy
 Interfaces of 8,192 Kb/s available within
 Highly compact design from space-saving point of
 An exchange of 10,000 subscribers may
accommodate the SN in a single rack
 Two kinds of connections: Switched & Semi-

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In large and very large exchanges the capacity
stages of the switching network (SN:504LTG,
SN:252LTG and SN:126LTG) include
– one time stage incoming (TSI)
– three space stages (SS)
– one time stage outgoing (TSO)

Medium-sized and small exchanges (SN:63LTG

and SN:15LTG) contain
– one time stage incoming (TSI)
– one space stage (SS)
– one time stage outgoing (TSO)

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This includes:

 Line / Trunk Group (LTG)

 Digital Line Unit (DLU)
 Digital Announcement System

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Line/Trunk Group (LTG)

The line/trunk group (LTG) forms the interface

between the digital environment of the node and
the digital switching network (SN). The LTGs
perform non-central control functions and thus
relieve the coordination processor (CP) of routine

Several LTG types are available for optimal

implementation of the various line types and
signaling methods. The two main types of LTGs
(differing in their functionality) used are:


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Line/Trunk Group (LTG)

The LTGB is used for connecting:
 Up to four digital transmission routes

(PDCs) for DLUs at transmission rates of

2048 kbit/s
 Up to four primary rate accesses (PAs)

for medium-sized and large ISDN PABXs

(ISDN subscribers with PA) at a
transmission rate of 2048 kbit/s

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Line/Trunk Group (LTG)

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Line/Trunk Group (LTG)

Main Components of an LTG-B

 Group processor (GP)

 Link interface unit between line/trunk group
and switching network (LIU)
 Group switch (GS)
 Speech multiplexer (SPMXA)
 Signaling unit (SU)
 Line/trunk unit (LTU)

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Line/Trunk Group (LTG)

Group processor (GP): The group processor (GP)

converts the incoming information from outside the
network node into the intra-system message format and
controls the functional units of the LTG.

Link interface unit between line/trunk group and

switching network (LIU): The link interface unit
between line/trunk group and switching network (LIU)
connects the LTG to the switching network (SN). The
secondary digital carriers (SDC) are connected to the

Group switch (GS): The group switch (GS) is a non-

blocking time stage controlled by the GP.

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Line/Trunk Group (LTG

Speech multiplexer (SPMXA): The speech multiplexer

(SPMXA) is a non-blocking time stage that is controlled
by the GP. It is suitable for cases where digital trunks
exclusively are connected.

Signaling unit (SU): In the signaling unit (SU) it is

possible to install the tone generator (TOG), the code
receiver (CR) and the receiver module for continuity
check (RM:CTC).

Line/trunk unit (LTU): The task of the line/trunk unit (LTU)

is to adapt connected lines to the internal LTG inter-faces
and equalize propagation delays (synchronizing network
node and line clock).

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Line/Trunk Group (LTG)

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Line/Trunk Group (LTG)

Line Trunk Group type-C

The main components of the LTG-C are

the same as that of an LTG-B just that
there is different software downloaded
into this LTG type.

This software is capable of handling

different kinds of signaling over the

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Line/Trunk Group (LTG)

Important functions of the LTG-C

1. Receiving and evaluating signals from the trunk

2. Transmitting signals
3. Transmitting messages to the CP and receiving commands from the
4. Transmitting audible tones
5. Sending and receiving reports to/from the group processors (GP) of
other LTG
6. Sending & receiving orders to/from the CCNC
7. Adapting line conditions to the 8-Mbit/s standard interface to the
redundant SN
8. Through-connecting messages and user information

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Digital Line Unit

A digital line unit (DLU) can be

used to connect subscriber lines
and PBX access lines.

The DLU can be operated either

locally, or remotely in the network

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Digital Line Unit

DLU Control

The control for DLU (DLUC) controls internal

DLU functional sequences and distributes or
concentrates signaling flows to and from the line

To ensure reliability and to increase throughput,

the DLU contains two DLUCs.

They work independently of each other in task-

sharing mode, so that the second DLUC can take
control of all tasks if the first fails.

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Digital Line Unit

DLU Digital Interface

Digital interface unit for DLU (DIUD) has two

interfaces for connecting two PCM30 highways
or primary digital carriers (PDC).

The PDCs link the DLU with LTGB. Balanced-

pair or coaxial cables can be connected.

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Digital Line Unit

Bus Distributor and Central Clock Generator

The two clock generators (…CG) operate on the

master/slave principle.

Under normal conditions, the clock generator

designated as the master is active while the
slave generator is on standby.

The master supplies clock signals to both DLU

systems. If the master should fail, the slave is
activated and takes over the supply of clock
signals to both DLU systems.

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Digital Line Unit

Ringing and Metering Voltage Distribution

Each ringing generator and metering voltage

generator (RGMG) has access to a distribution
system for ringing and metering voltage (ringing
and metering bus).

RGMG supplies all mounting locations for analog

subscriber line modules SLMA via
ringing/metering bus.

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Digital Line Unit

Subscriber Line Modules (SLMs)

The subscriber line modules (SLMs) form the

interface to the subscriber.

These are either analog or digital (ISDN). With

analog modules these are of two types namely
non-commercial and commercial.

The commercial-type modules can supply

metering pulses to the subscriber as at standard
12KHz or 16KHz frequency.

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Digital Line Unit

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Digital Announcement

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The EWSD digital electronic switching
system can control connections to and
from other network nodes using all the
common signaling systems.

The signaling functions in an EWSD

network-node are handled by the
"common channel signaling network
control (CCNC)".

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One system that is particularly suitable
for stored-program-controlled digital
nodes is signaling system no. 7.

This transports signaling information

separately from the user information
(voice, data) on common-channel
signaling links.

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 Higher speed signaling

 Very reliable signal transmission

 Flexibility to adapt to future


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Suitable transmission Medium
 Copper Wires

 Optical Fibers

 Digital Radio Links

 Satellite links

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Two Kinds of Nodes existing
within a No.7 signaling network:

 Signaling Point (SP)

 Signaling Transfer Point (STP)

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