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Basic examples of setting

simulations
European Communications Office
Jean-Philippe Kermoal (ECO)
October 2010

EUROPEAN
COMMUNICATIONS
OFFICE

Nansensgade 19
DK-1366 Copenhagen
Denmark

Telephone:
Telefax:

+ 45 33 89 63 00
+ 45 33 89 63 30

E-mail: ero@ero.dk
Web Site: http://www.ero.dk

Outline
Step 1: How is the dRSS calculated?
Step 2: My first interference probability

calculation
Step 3: Probability of interference
Step 4: Where does the interference come from?

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Step 1:
How is the dRSS calculated?

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

You will learn from Step 1 how to ...

Define Victim receiver (Vr)


Operating frequency
Receiver bandwidth
Antenna Characteristics
Interference criteria
Noise floor

Define Wanted transmitter (Wt)


Tx power
Antenna characteristics

Position the Wt vs Vr

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

Calculate the dRSS


Test propagation model
Launch simulation
Extract dRSS vectors

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SEAMCAT scenario
iRSS

dRSS

Victim link

Interferin
g
Transmitt
er
Interfering
link (It)

Victim
Receive
r
(Vr)

Wanted
Transmitte
r
(Wt)
SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

Wanted
Receiver
(Wr)
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05 October 2010

Victim Link

dRSS

Victim
Receiver
(Vr)

Victim
link
Wanted
Transmitte
r
(Wt)

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Define Victim frequency

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Define Victim Receiver (VR)

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05 October 2010

Define Wanted Transmitter


(Wt)

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Position of the Wt (1/2)


Uncorrelated cases mode
Noise limited Network
User-defined Radius

Traffic limited Network

Wt Vr
location

Correlated distance (origin = Wt)


Correlated cases mode

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Position of the Wt (2/2)


y

dRS
S
(2 km,2
km)

Victim
Receive
r
(Vr)
x

Victim
link

D
el
ta
Y
=
2
k
m

Delta X = 2
km

(0,0)
Wanted
Transmitte
r
(Wt)

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Calculation of the dRSS

h tx hrx 2 2
L32.510log
d 20log f

1000

L = 32.5+10log(8)+20log(1000))
L = 101.5 dB

dRSS = Pe+Ge+Gr-L
dRSS = 30(dBm)+9 (dBi)+9 (dBi)-101.5 (dB)
dRSS = -53.5dBm

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Testing propagation model

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Launch simulation

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Extract dRSS

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Output display

SEAMCAT workshop
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05 October 2010

Step 2:
My first interference probability
calculation

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

Page 17

05 October 2010

You will learn from Step 2 how to ...

Define Interfering transmitter (It)


Tx power
Antenna Characteristics
Set the emission bandwidth

Position the Vr vs It (i.e. Victim link vs Interfering link)

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

Calculate the iRSS

Calculate the probability of


interference

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05 October 2010

Interfering Link

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05 October 2010

Interfering Frequency

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05 October 2010

Define Interfering
Transmitter (It)

P(dBm/Bref) = Pe (dBm)+Att(dBc/Bref)
33 (dBm/200KHz) = 33 + 0 (dBc/Bref)
SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Position of the Vr vr It (1/2)


Uncorrelated cases mode
Uniform density (nactive interferers)
None
(nactive interferers)

Closest
(single interferer)

Vr It
location
Wr/Wt

It /Vr
It /Wt

Wt /Vr

Correlated cases mode

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Position of the Vr vr It (2/2)


dRSS
Wanted
Transmitt
er
(Wt)

iRSS

Delt
aY
=4
km

Victim
link

Victim Delta X = 4
km
Receive
r
(Vr)

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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Interferin
g
Transmitt
er
(It)
Interferin
g link
Wanted
Receive
r
(Wr)

05 October 2010

Calculation of the iRSS

iRSS = Pe+Ge+Gr-L
iRSS = 33(dBm)+11 (dBi)+9 (dBi)-(32.5+10log(32)+20log(1000))
iRSS = -54.5dBm

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Step 3:
Probability of interference

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

You will learn from Step 3 how to ...

Extract the Probability of Interference in ....

Compatibility calculation mode

Translation calculation mode

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Probability of interference
The probability of interference could be calculated by the
ICE with reference to the following choice of input
parameters:

Calculation mode: compatibility or translation


Which type of interference signal is considered for calculation:
unwanted, blocking, intermodulation or their combination
Interference criterion: C/I, C/(N+I), (N+I)/N or I/N

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Compatibility calculation
mode
the C/I (i.e. dRSS/iRSS) can be derived:
dRSS/iRSS = -53.5-(-54.5) = 1dB

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Translation calculation
mode

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Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Step 4:
Where does the interference
come from?

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

You will learn from Step 4 how to ...

Modify the Unwanted Emission Mask

Calculate the iRSS unwanted

Calculate the iRSS blocking


user-defined mode
Sensitivity mode
Protection ratio mode

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

Extract probability of interference


(i.e. unwanted vs blocking)

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05 October 2010

Unwanted Emission mask

P = 33 +(23(dBc/Bref)) = 10 (dBm/200kHz)
SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Calculate iRSS unwanted


iRSS unwanted calculate the interfering power
received by the Victim receiver within its
bandwidth

iRSSunwanted = P+Ge+Gr-L
iRSSunwanted = 10(dBm/200kHz)+11+9(32.5+10log(32)+20log(1000))
Unwanted
:
iRSSunwanted = -77.5dBm

Rx bandwidth

fVr

Interfering
emission mask

fIt

In this example there is no bandwidth


correction factor to be applied to the calculation
of the iRSS unwanted since the Vr bandwidth
and the It reference bandwidth have the same
value (i.e. 200 KHz).

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Calculate iRSS blocking (1/4)

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Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Calculate iRSS blocking (2/4)


The It bandwidth is not considered in the iRSS
blocking calculation)

User-defined mode:
iRSS blocking (fit) = Pe+Ge+Gr-L-Att (fit)
iRSS blocking = 33(dBm)+11+9-(32.5+10log(32)+20log(1000))40(dB)
iRSS blocking = -94.5dBm
Receiver Mask
Rx bandwidth

Blocking
:

Rejection
of the receiver

fVr
SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

fIt
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05 October 2010

Calculate iRSS blocking (3/4)


Sensitivity mode:
Attenuation(f) = block(f) [dBm] sensvr [dBm] + C/(N+I) [dB]
Sensitivity = Noise Floor + C/(N+I)
Sensitivity = -110dBm + 16
= -94dBm

Attenuation (f ) = 40-(-94)+16= 150dB


iRSS blocking (fit) = Pe+Ge+Gr-L-Att (fit)
iRSS blocking = -54.5-150
= -204.5dBm

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

Page 36

05 October 2010

Calculate iRSS blocking (4/4)


Protection Ratio:
Attenuation(f) = block(f) [dBm] + C/(N+I) [dB] + 3dB
Attenuation(f) = 40 +16 +3 = 59 dB
iRSS blocking (fit) = Pe+Ge+Gr-L-Att (fit)
iRSS blocking = -54.5-59
= -113.5 dBm

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

Page 37

05 October 2010

Probability of interference
(1/2)
For the unwanted mode, the C/I can be derived as:
dRSS/iRSS unwanted = -53.5-(-77.5) = 24dB

Since the resulting C/I is above the protection criteria (19 dB), the
probability of interference is 0

It is also possible to derive the (N+I)/N= -77.5-(-100)= 22.5

(since I>>N). Since the (I+N)/N which is obtained is above the


protection criteria (3dB), the probability of interference is 1

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Probability of interference
(2/2)
For the blocking mode, the C/I can be derived as:
dRSS/iRSS blocking = -53.5-(-113.5) = 60dB

Since the resulting C/I is above the protection criteria (19 dB), the
probability of interference is 0

It is also possible to derive the (N+I)/N= -113.5-(-100)= -13.5.


Since the (I+N)/N which is obtained is below the protection
criteria (3dB), the probability of interference is 0

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010

Thank you - Any Questions?

SEAMCAT workshop
Jean-Philippe Kermoal / ECO

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05 October 2010