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Security Level:

10/08/15

Cell update & FACH Transfer

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HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Content
UE Working Modes and States
Cell Update and FHHO Scenarios
Main Reason for CDR Increase in FACH
Problem and Solutions

UE Working Modes and States

Idle Mode

Connected Mode

CELL_DCH

CELL_FACH

CELL_PCH

URA_PCH

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Idle Mode

The UE has no relation to UTRAN, only to CN. Any data


transfer, a signalling connection should have to be
established.

UE camps on a cell

It enables the UE to receive system information from the PLMN

UE can monitor PICH of a cell for paging

The idle mode tasks can be divided into three processes:

PLMN selection and reselection

Cell selection and reselection

Location registration

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Connected Mode

When UE is in connected mode

The UE position can be known on different levels:

Cell level (CELL_DCH/CELL_FACH/CELL_PCH)

UTRAN Registration Area (URA) level (URA_PCH)

The UE can use different types of channels in connected mode

Dedicated transport channels (CELL_DCH)

Common transport channels (CELL_FACH)

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Connected Mode

Cell-DCH

In active state

Communicating via its dedicated channels

UTRAN knows which cell UE stays in

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Connected Mode

Cell-FACH

In active state

Few data to be transmitted both in uplink and in downlink. There is


no need to allocate dedicated channel for this UE

Downlink uses FACH and uplink uses RACH

UE needs to monitor the FACH for its information

UTRAN knows which cell the UE stays in

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Connected Mode

Cell-PCH

No data to be transmitted or received

Monitor PICH, to receive its paging

UTRAN knows which cell the UE stays in

UTRAN has to update cell information of UE when UE roams to


another cell

Lower the power consumption of UE

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Connected Mode

URA-PCH

No data to be transmitted or received

Monitor PICH, to receive its paging

UTRAN only knows which URA (which consists of multiple cells)


that UE stays

UTRAN updates UE information only after UE has roamed to other


URA

A better way to reduce the resource occupancy and signaling


transmission

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UE Working Modes and States


- Reduce activity further
- Avoid unnecessary
signaling

- Reduce activity, DRX,


and save power

RRC Connection

URA_PCH

CELL_PCH

CELL_DCH

CELL_FACH

- Dedicated channel
- Common service,
such as voice

- Common channel
- PS service with few
data to transmit

IDLE

DEAD

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- Monitor paging channel


- Cell re-selection

- Scan networks (PLMN)


- Camp on a cell

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FHHO Forward Hard Handover

FHHO used to monitor the RRC connection state on


common channel, which process the mobility of UE
on Common Channel

FHHO also contains the RRC connection rebuilt in


DCH.

FHHO including Cell UPDATE and URA UPDATE(only


occurs in URA_PCH)

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FHHO Function CELL_DCH

RLC Un-recovery Error: recover the RL when UE cannot


normal communicate with UTRAN equaled RLC layer
using AM mode

RL failure: using in RRC connection rebuilt, when all


the RLs loss of synchronization, UE try to rebuilt the
RRC connection with UTRAN

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Relation between FHHO and RRC State


RRC Connection state

Realizable FHHO Function update cause

CELL_DCH

Cell Update (RLC ERR RL FAIL)

CELL_FACH

Cell Update (Periodical

Cell update, Cell

reselection, Re-enter Serving Cell, RLC ERR)


CELL_PCH

Cell

Update

reselection,

(Periodical
Re-enter

Cell

Serving

update,
Cell,

Cell

Paging

Response, UL Data Transmit)

URA_PCH

Cell

Update

(Paging

Response,

UL

Data

Transmit), URA Update (Periodical URA update,


URA reselection)

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Cell Update Function

Periodical Cell update: UE moving within one cell majority


way to monitor RRC connection

Cell reselection: UE mobility state cross different cells, major


way of UE keep RRC connection with UTRAN serving in
Common Channel.

Re-enter Service Area: another way to keep RRC connection


when move, T305 expired

RLC Un-recovery Error: recover the RL when UE cannot


normal communicate with UTRAN equaled RLC layer using AM
mode

Paging Response response to paging type 1 from UTRAN


when RRC connection exist

UL Data Transmit UE inform UTRAN needing data transmit

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URA Update Function

Periodical URA update: URA ID contained in Cell system info


with UE mobility

URA reselection: URA ID not in the system info when UE move

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Cell Update Signaling Flow

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Current state on Global network: PS CDR increase a


lot

PS HSPA CDR
Brazil Claro
SA Vodacom
Brazil VIVO
Greess VDF
Gemanny O2
Turkey VDF

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Close FACH
0.44%
0.80%
0.73%
0.52%
0.76%
0.88%

Open FACH
0.72%
3.50%
4.24%
2%
3.70%
2.54%

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Main reasons for the CDR increase


on FACH

PS call drop after H2F RB Reconfig failure

PS call drop by TRB/SRB reset on FACH state

PS call drop due to the procedure flow crossed


by F2H RB Reconfig and Cellupdate

PS call drop by SRB rebuilt during P2F phase

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Reason and Solutions


Reason

No power control on FACH

No SoftHO on FACH

The state not consistent between UE and RAN

Solutions

Decrease Users on the FACH state by decrease H2F


volume threshold

Configure longer H2F timer than the PS inactivate


timer, let non-throughput user fast transfer to idle

Decrease the time from FACH to PCH or idle state.

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Thank You
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RNTI - Radio Network Temporary


Identifier

Five types of RNTI exist

Serving RNC RNTI (S-RNTI)

Drift RNC RNTI (D-RNTI)

Cell RNTI (C-RNTI)

UTRAN RNTI (U-RNTI)

HS-DSCH RNTI (H-RNTI)

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Cell update flow P->F


UE

RRM

RR

FMR

ULCCCH:
Cell update request
Apply radio resource

If MACC/MACD in different board built AAL2 connection

Built MACC and MACD logical channel


DLCCCH:
Cell update confirm
ULDCCH:
Physical channal re-configuration
complete
Cell update and UE state
indicate

RLC restore

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SIG

Cell update with relocation PS

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Cell update with relocation PS

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FHHO Cell Update crossing IUR


DRNC
Source

UE

RRC

DRNC
Target

1. CCCH: Cell Update

SRNC

RRC-relay

RNSAP

2. Uplink Signalling Transfer


Indication

RNSAP

3. Common Transp. Channel Resources


Initialization Request
RNSAP
RNSAP
4. Common Transp. Channel Resources
initialization Response
RNSAP
RNSAP
5. ALCAP Iur bearer setup
6. DCCH: Cell Update Confirm
RRC
RRC

RRC
7. DCCH: RNTI Relocation Complete

RNSAP

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RRC

8. Common Transp. Channel Resources Release

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RNSAP

FHHO URA update


UE

RRC

Source
RNC

Target
RNC

1.CCCH: URA Update

Serving
RNC

RRC-relay

[U-RNTI, URA update cause]


2.Uplink Signalling Transfer Indication
RNSAP

RNSAP

[ new C-RNTI,D-RNTI, UL message]

3. Decision Not to
perform SRNS
relocation

4. Downlink Signalling Transfer Request


RNSAP

RRC

5.CCCH: URA Update Confirm

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RNSAP

RRC-relay

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FHHO Flow
UE

RNS

UE

RNS
Cell Update

Cell Update

Cell Update Confirm

Cell Update Confirm

RB recfg complete
Cell update procedure with radio bearer release
Cell update procedure with radio bearer reconfiguration
UE

RNS
Cell Update
Cell Update Confirm

UE

RNS
URA Update

UTRAN Mobility Info Confirm

UAR Update Confirm


Cell update procedure with update of UTRAN mobility information

UE

RNS

URA update procedure, basic flow


UE

RNS

Cell Update

URA Update

Cell Update Confirm

UAR Update Confirm

RB Release Complete

UTRAN Mobility Info Confirm

Cell update procedure with radio bearer release

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URA update procedure with update of UTRAN mobility information

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