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SIX STROKE ENGINES

VELOZETA MODEL

Introduction
Two different approaches of six stroke engines

First approach
There is two additional strokes by the main piston as
fifth and sixth stroke

Second approach
It uses a second opposed piston which moves at half
the cyclical rate of the main piston

History of six stroke engines


First Category
1. Griffin six stroke engine
2. Bajulaz six stroke engine
3. Crower six stroke engine
4. Velozeta six stroke engine

Second Category
1. Beare head six stroke engine
2. Charge pump engine

Velozetas six stroke engine


A four stroke Honda engine is altered to form the six
stroke engine
First four strokes are same as a conventional four stroke
engine
In the fifth stroke, air is sucked in to the cylinder
In the sixth stroke, a mixture of air and unburned gases
leaves out.

Engine parts modified


1. Camshaft / Crankshaft Sprockets:

Crankhas 1080 degrees of rotation for 360 rotation of


camshaft

Hence their corresponding sprockets are having teeth


ratio 3:1

34 teeth sprocket of camshaft in the four stroke is


replaced by 42 teeth sprocket

17 teeth crankshaft sprocket is replaced by 14 teeth


sprocket

2.Cam lobes: 360 degrees of cam has divided into 60 degrees


among six strokes
Inlet valve is opened in the first stroke only and
the exhaust valve, in the fourth, fifth and sixth
strokes by the exhaust valve cam.
The exhaust valve cam is double lobed

3.Valve Timing: IVO at 0 degree at TDC


IVC at 25 degree after BDC
EVO at 0 degree at BDC which was 25 degree before
BDC in the original engine
EVC at 10 degree before TDC

Air inlet reed valve is opened in the fifth


stroke and then for the sixth stroke exhaust
valve is opened

4.Secondary Air Induction System: It supplies air which is used in the fifth and sixth
stroke
During the fifth stroke air is sucked into the
cylinder through a reed valve provided on the
secondary air induction line
In the sixth stroke a second reed valve at the
exhaust manifold opens and removes the mixture of
air and unburned gases

Working of the engine


First stroke:- During the first stroke the inlet valve (6) opens
and air-fuel mixture from carburetor is sucked into the cylinder
through the inlet manifold (2).

Second stroke:During the second stroke, piston moves from BDC to TDC, both the
inlet valve (6) and exhaust valve (11) are closed and the air-fuel mixture is
compressed. The compression ratio of the modified engine is same as that of
the original four stroke Honda engine 9:1.

Third stroke:During the third stroke, power is obtained from the engine by igniting
the compressed air- fuel mixture using a spark plug (14). Both valves remain
closed. Piston moves from TDC to BDC.

Fourth stroke:During the fourth stroke, the exhaust valve (11) and the reed valve
(23) opens to remove the burned gases from the engine cylinder. Piston moves
from BDC to TDC.

Fifth stroke:During the fifth stroke, the exhaust valve (11) remains open and the
reed valve (23) closes. Fresh air from the air filter (24) enters the cylinder
through the secondary air induction line (21) provided at the exhaust manifold
(13). The reed valve (22) opens.

Sixth stroke:During the sixth stroke, the exhaust valve (11) remains open. The air
sucked into the cylinder during the fifth stroke is removed to the atmosphere
through the exhaust manifold (13). The reed valve (23) opens and the reed valve
(22) closes.

BAFFLES

Performance test results


1.Load Test Results:-

2.Pollusion Test Results:-

Graphs:B.P Vs TFC and SFC at 320 rpm

B.P Vs TFC and SFC at 320 rpm

Advantages
Reduction in fuel consumption
Reduction in pollution normally up to 65%
Better scavenging and more extraction of
work
per cycle
Lower engine temperature - easy to maintain
the optimum engine temperature level for
better performance
The engine doest require any basic
modification to the existing engines. All
technological experience and production
methods remain unaltered
Higher overall efficiency

Conclusion
The six stroke engine modification promises
dramatic reduction of pollution and fuel consumption of an
internal combustion engine. The fuel efficiency of the
engine can be increased and also the valve timing can be
effectively arranged to extract more work per cycle. Better
scavenging is possible as air intake occurs during the fifth
stroke and the exhaust during the sixth stroke. Due to more
air intake, the cooling system is improved. It enables lower
engine temperature and therefore increases in the overall
efficiency.