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TEKNIK REAKSI

KIMIA 1
contoh soal 6.3 halaman
144
buku chemical reaction
engineering Octave
Levenspiel

KELOMPOK 6
Tirta Agung Ungsiono 1209065012
Auxilia Febri W P 1209065018
Erika Wulan Anggraeni
1209065023
Aris Kumbara1209065027
Reny Suryani Sitorus 1209065043

Example 6.3 FINDING THE BEST REACTOR SETUP

In the presence of a specific enzyme E, which


acts as a homogeneous catalyst, a harmful
organic A present in industrial waste water
degrades into harmless chemicals. At a given
enzyme concentration CE test in a laboratory
mixed
flow reactor give the following result :
C
A0,
mmol/
m3
CA ,
mmol/
m3
,min

11

14

16

24

0.
5

10

50

20

20

30 1

We wish to treat 0.1 m3/min of this waste water having CA0 =


10 mmol/m3 to 90% conversion with this enzyme T
concentration CE
a. One possibility is to use a long tubular reactor (assume plug
flow) with possible recycle of exit fluid. What design do you
recommend? Give the size of the reactor, tell if it should be
used with recycle, and if so determine the recycle flow rate in
cubic meters per minute (m3/min). Sketch your recommended
design.
B. Another possibility is to use one or two tirred tanks (assume
ideal). What two-tank design do you recommend, and how
much better is it than the one-tank arrangement.
C. What arrangement of plug flow and mixed flow reactors
would you use to minimize the total volume of reactors
needed? Sketch your recommended design and show the size
of selected. We should mention that separation and recycle of

SOLUTION
First calculate and tabulate 1/-r A at the measured CA. This is shown
as the last line of table E6.3. Nest, draw the 1/-r A vs CA curve. This is
seen to be U-shaped, so we must prepare to deal with an
autocatalytic type reacting system.
Tabel E6.3

CA0, mmol/m3
CA, mmol/m3

2
0.
5

6 6 11 14 16 24

1 2

10

5
8 4 20 20 4
0
0. 1
0.
2.
1/rA = /CA0 CA , m3. min/mmol 20
2
5
0.2
5 0
8
5
,min

30

CA0 = konsentrasi A awal saat masuk reaktor

CA = konsentrasi A setelah (menit)

(space time) = waktu yang dibutuhkan untuk mengubah reaktan


menjadi produk

Jawaban soal a

Laju reaksi
rata-rata

CAin
= konsentrasi A yang
Ain
masuk kembali ke reaktor

CAin = konsentrasi A yang masuk kembali ke reaktor


CAf = konsentrasi A yang keluar (meninggalkan reaktor)
V = volume
R = laju alir volumetrik Recycle Ratio

Jawaban soal (b)


Drawing slopes and diagonals according to the
method of maximization of rectangles we end up
with Fig. E6.3b
Diagon
al

Slope

0,
8
2,
6

Menghitung masing-masing
volume

Part (c) Solution. Following the reasoningin this


chapter we should used a mixed flow reactor
followed by a plug flow reactor. So with Fig. E6.3c
we find

Halaman 105
buku Levenspiel

Menghitung volume
For the MFR (mixed flow reactor)
Vm = m = 0.1(1.2) = 0.12 m3
For the PFR (plug flow reactor)
Vp = p = 0.1(5.8) = 0.58 m3
V total = Vm + Vp = 0.12 m3 + 0.58 m3
= 0.7 m3

kesimpulan
Untuk soal a,b dan c menghasilkan volume
reaktor yang berbeda-beda, yaitu:
a. 1,08 m3,

b. 9,0 m3 dan 2,19 m3


c. 0.7 m3
Dari
jawaban a,b dan c yang menghasilkan
volume reaktor terkecil adalah jawaban c
sehingga reaktor c lebih efisien digunakan karena
memerlukan volume (ukuran) reaktor terkecil.

Thank you