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CE 413 E.S.

I: Urban Transportation Planning

(Module II)
Urban Transportation Planning: Issues &
Process

Land use

Land value

Accessibility

Trips

Transportation
needs

Transportation
facility

Land Use - Transportation Cycle

Urban Transportation Problems


Mobility

Congestion
Urbanisation
Specialisation
Supply & Demand Gap
Level of Service

Equal ability to travel


Equal access to Travel

Ancillary Impacts
Accidents
Energy Consumption
Land Consumption
Environmental Impacts

STTP - APUTP09

System

A system can be defined as an organised or


connected group or set of objects, principles,
or ideas related by some common function,
goal or belief.

STTP - APUTP09

Systems Approach to Transport Planning


Problem definition
&

Solution
Generation

Solution
Analysis

Formulation of
Goals

Implementation

Performance
Assessment and
Review

Operation

Evaluation of
Possible
Alternative and
choice

STTP - APUTP09

The Continuing Urban Transportation - Planning Process

Stages in Transport Planning:


Survey and Analysis of Existing conditions:
Goal Setting in view of the relevant , Social , legal,
aesthetic, Political , Economic and Technical
Considerations

Defining Survey Area and divisions of the Same

Data Collection
Inventory of existing Travel Patterns
Inventory of existing Transport facilities
Inventory of Land Use & Economic Activities

Travel
Pattern

Transport
Facilities

Analysis for
Determination of
quantifiable
interrelationship

Land use
and
Economic
Activities

Mathematical Models

No of Trips
Produced/Attracted
in a Zone

Trip
Generation
Model

Trip Distribution Models

Modal Split

Trip Assignment

Land use and Socio


economic
characteristics

Example
Exampleof
ofTravel
TravelEstimation
Estimation
Process
Process

Pi
Production
1

47

66

110

Aj
Attraction
1

45

2
3

90
88

F
r
o
m
Z
o
n
e
s

Tijmrsp
2

Work
Other

6
1

High

Medium

Low

Mode I

10

18

19

47

2
3

30
5

32

4
65

66

110

88

223

Mode II

9
17

Tijmr

Tijm

45

(Income)

Edud.

To Zones
Tij
1
2
3

40
90

Tijmrs

25

Route A

15

Route B

40

Route C

17

Tijmrp

Trip Purpose
Education
Work
Other

3
12
2

17

Forecast, Analysis of future conditions and Plan Synthesis :

Long term Planning 20-25 years


Prediction of (I) Economic Activity in future
(II) Population
(III) Employment Pattern
(IV) Changes in land use Pattern

Evaluation :
Selection of best alternative for maximum fulfillment of
set objectives/ Goals.
Programme adoption and Implementation:
Adoption & implementation of the best alternative
Resource Mobilization for implementation

STTP - APUTP09

Continuing Study:
Plan readjustment in light of the gap between predicted and
real situation perceived through periodic surveys of
predicted parameters of transport planning.
The dynamic nature and complexity in the transport
planning are due to stochastic nature of the input
variable.

Later.