Sie sind auf Seite 1von 36

04/29/00 SAP Functional

John Tullis
DePaul Instructor
john.d.tullis@us.arthurandersen.com

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Architecture
SD

Business
processes

Financial
Accounting

MM

CO

Materials
Mgmt.

Controlling

PP

Comprehensive
functionality
Designed
for all types
of business

AM

R/3

Production
Planning

QM

Business
Engineering

FI

Sales &
Distribution

Fixed Assets
Mgmt.

Client / Server
ABAP/4

Quality
Management PM
Plant Maintenance

HR

Human
Resources

IS

Client / server
architecture

PS

WF

Project
System

Workflow

Open
systems

Industry
Solutions

Over 5,000
installations around
the world

Multinational

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Logistics - SCM


Supply
Supply

Distribution
Distribution

Continuous Replenishment Program (CPR)


Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI)
Efficient Consumer Response (ECR)

Copyrighted material

C
C
U
U
SS
TT
O
O
M
M
EE
R
R

SAP

SAP Logistics - SCM


SS
U
U
PP
PP
LL
II
EE
R
R

ProcureProcurement
ment

Production
Production

Distribution
Distribution
C
C
U
U
SS
TT
O
O
M
M
EE
R
R

Service
Service Management
Management

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Logistics - SCM


All business processes throughout the supply chain are
executed in one system sharing all information
Open
Open Information
Information Warehouse
Warehouse

SS
U
U
PP
PP
LL
II
EE
R
R

Procurement
Procurement

MM

Production
Production

C
C
U
U
Distribution
Distribution

PP
Workflow
FI

Finance and Accounting CO

Copyrighted material

SD

SS
TT
O
O
M
M
EE
R
R

SAP

SAP Logistics - SCM - Horizontal


Supply Chain Management is integrated
nationwide and even worldwide

Production Plant
Warehouse
Distribution Center

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Logistics - SCM - Centralized

One R/3 System for all


countries and regions

R/3

multi-lingual
multi-currency

PP

MM
CO

SD
FI

multi-plant
multi-company

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Logistics - SCM - Decentralized


Central Information and
Planning

Decentral Execution

R/3
PP

MM

R/3

SD

Sales information

FI

CO

R/3
PP

MM

R/3
PP

MM
CO

CO

SD
FI

A
SD

FI

Profitability analysis
Inventory information

Purchasing information

Sales and operations planning

Copyrighted material

Forecasting

SAP

SAP Logistics Modules


Customers

PS

PP
SD

Sales
Shipping
Invoicing

Sales and operations


planning
Demand management/
Master production
scheduling
Material requirements
planning

MM

Vendors

Purchasing
Warehousing
Invoice
verification

Capacity requirements
planing
Production control
Costing
Information system

Financial
Accounting

Cost
Accounting

Copyrighted material

Asset
Accounting

Project
networks
PM

Plant
Maintenance
- repairs
- maintenance
QM

Inspection
planning &
management

Human
Resources

SAP

SAP Materials Management Business Processes


Financial Controlling
Resource Controlling
Sales &
Distribution

Production

Capacity, Materials, Production & Test Equipment

Customer
order

Availability
check

Purchasing

Shipping

Production
plan
generation

Capacity
requirements Planned
order
planning

Purchase
requisition

Production
order

Vendor
selection

Release
order

Invoicing

Production
activity
control

Goods
receipt
QM

Logistic Controlling

Sales, Production, Purchasing, Warehouse

Copyrighted material

Invoice
verification

SAP

SAP Materials Management - Procurement


PS

Determination
of material
requirements

Invoice
verification
Acceptance
of services
performed
Entry of
services
performed

LV

PM
Inquiry

Create
service
specifications

OK
Bid invitation

LV

Purchase
order
monitoring

Order

Ordering

Copyrighted material

Entry of
quotation

Vendor
selection

SAP

SAP Materials Management - Procurement


Purchasing

Sales
Inquiry
Inquiry
Offer
Offer
Purchase
Purchase order
order
Purchase
Purchase order
order confirmation
confirmation
Purchase
Purchase order
order change
change
Confirmation
Confirmation of
of change
change
Invoice
Invoice

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Procurement Quality Assurance


Inquiry

Technical terms
of delivery

Purchase
order

Vendor
selection

Goods
receipt

Production

Technical terms of delivery


Quality assurance agreement

Vendor evaluation
- Quality
- Price behavior
- Vendor's quality management system
- Vendor block

Inspection: incoming goods & production


- Quality messages, complaints
- Stock in quality inspection & blocked stock
- Sample inspection
- Usage decision for inspection lot
- Quality score calculation

Vendor rating

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Warehouse Logistics


Goods receipt

Production

Quality inspection
Special stock

Production warehouse
Batch management

Shipping

Picking
Batch determination

STORAGE LOCATION
Stock placement &
removal strategy
Transfer orders

Production storage bin


Pallets

Means of transport
Warehouse control unit

STORAGE LOCATION MANAGEMENT

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Warehouse Control


SD MM
PP

Goods
Goods receipt
receipt

Goods
Goods issue
issue

Transfer
Transfer requirements
requirements
WM

Transfer
Transfer orders
orders
Confirmation
Confirmation
Physical
Physical inventory
inventory

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Warehouse Management

automatic generation of transfer orders


additional capacity optimization functionality
enhanced performance control using LIS
support shelf life expiration dates
integration to PP, QM
certifiable interfaces to warehouse control technologies
support customer individual requirements
major performance enhancements

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Warehouse Management


Definition and management of
complex warehousing structures
Stock placements, stock removals
and stock transfers
Inventory at the storage bin level
As a decentralized system
Interface to warehouse control
technology

complex storage area

MM

WM

SD

HOST

WM

WM

WCU

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Materials Management Organization


Corporate group

001

Company code

0001

Valuation level

0001

Purchasing organization
Sales organization
Plant

0002
0002

0003

1000

2000

3000
0001

Warehouse

0001

Storage bin

100-1

4000
0002
0002
100-2

0003

0004

0003
100-3

Copyrighted material

100-4

0005

SAP
SAP Sales & Distribution

SALES
SUPPORT

MM

Materials Management
PP

PM
CO

MASTER
DATA

SALES

FI
PS

MM

SHIPPING
FI

FI

BILLING
DATA
WAREHOUSE

Copyrighted material

CO

Production Planning
Plant Maintenance
Controlling
Financial Accounting
Project System
Materials Management
Financial Accounting

Financial Accounting
Controlling

SAP

SAP Sales & Distribution

USD

Sales

Sales
activity
Inquiry
Quotation

Delivery
free of
charge

Subsequent
delivery free
of charge

Shipping

Sales
order

Contract
Returns

Scheduling
agreement

Delivery

Billing
Debit memo

Invoice

Credit memo

F I N AN C I AL AC C O U N T I N G

Copyrighted material

M AT E R I AL S
M AN AG E M E N T

SALES INF O RMAT I O N


SYSTEM

Sales Support

SAP

SAP Financials
Quality

Risk

COST

Time
SD MM

PP

CO

ROI

IM

Financial Accounting
Copyrighted material

Liquidity
TR-CM TR-TM

SAP

SAP Financials
Open Information Warehouse
SD

A/R

MM
A/P

Material
Ledger

Financial
Accounting

PP
HR
Payrolls/
Travel
expenses

CO

IM

Reconciliation
Ledger

Fixed
assets

General Ledger

Copyrighted material

CM

Bank
accounts

analytical

TM

Financial
assets

operational

SAP

SAP Financials - Activity Based Cost Management


Cost centers /
Resource
centers
Quantity

...

+ Analytical cost planning


based on usage factors
+ What if analysis
+ Make overhead areas
more transparent

+ Analytical and operational


ABC in parallel

Quantity
x
Price

Quantity
x
Price

Standard
consumption
rate

Proces
s

Standard
consumption
rate

Products
Quantity
x
Price

Standard
consumption
rate

Profitability
Analysis

Copyrighted material

Plan

Actual

Processes

SAP

SAP Financials - Determining Profitability

Warranty

Business risks
Cash discounts

Payment
Billing
Delivery
Order

Revenue 1
Revenue 2
Product costs 1
Product costs 2
Agency fee
Processing costs 1
Processing costs 2

Quotation

Product

Operating profit

Copyrighted material

Geography
Customer
Distribution
Channel

SAP

SAP Financials - Calculating ROI


Capital Budget : Preparation IM
Generating investment proposals
Project evaluation

Budget Release

IM

Project selection
Investment "portfolio"

Budget Execution
Processing Activities
Settlement

Fixed Asset Management

Copyrighted material

IM
projects
orders

CO PS

SAP

SAP Financials - The Modules


EIS

Information Warehouse
Group
accounting
TR

IM

EC

FI

CO

TREASURY

ACCOUNTING

CONTROLLING

Funds Center

Company code
Business area

Profitability
Center

Cash flow
Risk Mgmt
...

Assets and liabilities

Profitability
Costs
...

...

Capital investment & financing

Return on investment

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Human Resources - Hiring Process (ex.)


Notice, parental leave, transfer, long-term illness

Personnel requirement

Advertisement of a vacancy

Transfer

Application processing

Hiring

Individual training
End

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Human Resources - Hiring Process (ex.)


Job advertisement required
Evaluation of tasks and requirements
Internal job advertisement
Job applications arrive (deadline)?
Yes

No
Is it necessary to advertise
the job externally?

Internal analysis of potential


Unsuitable

Yes

Suitable
Job interview

Negative

Positive

External job advertisement


Job applications arrive (deadline)?
Yes

Transfer

No

Application processing

Copyrighted material

No

SAP

General Business Needs - Utility Industry

Copyrighted material

SAP

SAP Modules - Utility Industry

Copyrighted material

SAP

Process Industries

Process
industries

Semi
conductors
Pharmaceutical

Food &
Beverage

Copyrighted material

Chemical

SAP

SAP - Production Planning Module for PI


PP - BD
Basic Data
PP - MPS
Master Prod. Scheduling
PP - MRP
Mat. Rqmts. Planning
PP - CRP
Capacity Rqmts. Planning
PP - SFC
Shop Floor Control
PP - PI
Process Industries
PP - PC
Product Costing
PP - IS
Production Info System

SD

PP

FI

MM

CO

R/3

QM
PM

AM

Client / Server
ABAP/4
HR

Copyrighted material

IS

PS
WF

SAP

SAP - Functionality needed for Process Industry


l
ia nt
nc e
na em
F i ag
an
m

Batch selection via customer


Product
Batch, quality, prod. tracking
specification
Charge & yield calculation
design
certificate of analysis generation
Co/by-product processing
e
c
vi n
Links to PCS/PI rsheet
ig
s
Se Mgt
Production Info.
e
d
EBR
Production
Distribution

Supplier

Sales

Purchasing

Vendor specifications
Vendor performance history
Vendor classification

t
y
lit en
ua m
Q age
an
M

Production
planning
Multi-plant master
scheduling
Batch size calculation

Inventory
control

Copyrighted material

Customer

Customer quality
specifications
Configurable
orders
ce

n nt
a
en em e
t
n
ai ag
M an
m

SAP
SAP - the Petroleum Industry

IS-Oil Upstream functionality


Acquisition

Functionality:
Joint Venture
Accounting
Materials
Management
Financial & Mgmt
Accounting
Property
Management
Project
Management
Maintenance &
Equipment Mgmt
Human
Resources

Copyrighted material

Drilling

Production

SAP
SAP - the Petroleum Industry
IS-Oil Downstream functionality
Functionality:

Acquisition/ Transport
trade

Manufacturing

Industry Solution
Materials Mgmt.
Financial Accounting
Controlling
Asset Management
Project System
Plant Maintenance
Human Resources
Quality Management
Production
Sales & Distribution
Workflow

Copyrighted material

Storage/
Marketing
distribution

SAP

The Petroleum Industry Supply Chain


Gathering
System
Producer
Contract

Exchange
Contract

Supply
Pipeline

Oil & Gas


Production
Acquired
Pipeline Batches

Bulk
Termina
l

Lubes Plant

Refinery

Product Pipeline

Sales
Contract

Bulk
Termina
l

Purchase
Contract
Chemical
Plant

Sales
Contract

Transfers,
Sales,
Purchases,
Exchanges

Exchange
Contract

Pipeline
Batches

Retail Stations

Commercial Customers

Acquisition/
trading

Transport

Manufacturing

Storage/
Distribution

Copyrighted material

Marketing