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TRAINING

AND
DEVELOPM
ENT

By:
Indrajeet Kumar ( 002)
AB Batch
USMS

TRAINING
Training means equipping the employees
with the required skill to perform the job
that result in improved corporate
performance.

The ASK Concept


If we follow the GAP concept, training is
simply a means to use activities to fill the gaps
of performance between the actual results and
the expected results.
This GAP can be separated into 3 main themes
1.Attitude
2.Skills
3.Knowledge

TRAINING

DEVELOPMENT

Training generally imparts specific


skills to the employees.

Development is more general in


nature & aim at overall growth of
the executive.

Concerned with maintaining


improved current job
performance.

Development build up &


competencies for future
performances.

Short term perspective.

Long term perspective.

Job centred in Nature.

Career concerned in nature.

The role of trainer or supervisor is


very important in training.

All dev. is self dev. And the


executive has to be internally
motivated for the same.

Training, skill development new mantra for


retaining talent (ARTICLE)
Mercer Asia Pacific Total Rewards Survey said companies
giving preference to T&D over compensation packages, succeed
in retaining talent.
As employers in the Asia-Pacific region compete for scarce
talent with high demand skill sets, they are shifting some of the
rewards investments focus to increase their competitive
advantage.
Approximately 92% employers are making investments in T&D
for following reasons
o Creating employer brand
o Attitude formation
o Staff retention
o Development of skills of employees.

SOURCE: Economic Times, Nov 2, 2007, 01.12pm IST

TRAINIG PROCESS
ASSESSMENT OF TRINING NEEDS

ESTABLISHMENT OF TRAINING GOALS

DESIGN A TRAINING PROGRAM


ANALYSES THE RAW MATERIAL
CHOOSE THE TRAINING METHOD
IMPLEMENTATION OF TRAINING METHOD
EVALUATION

HEADSTRONG PROCESS EXAMPLE

SMRITI WORKING ON IT

METHODS OF TRAINING
ON-THE-JOB TRAINING
OFF-THE-JOB TRAINING

ON-THE-JOB TRAINING (OJT)


When training takes place at the work place in informal manner
uses more knowledgeable, experienced and skilled
employees, such as mangers, supervisors to give training.
training is specific to the job
MERITS:
Most cost effective as learning by experience.
Training alongside real colleagues
DEMERITS:
Quality depends on ability of trainer and time available
Bad habits might be passed on.
Potential disruption to production

OJT TYPES
Demonstration / instruction - showing the trainee how to
do the job
Coaching an experienced member of staff will help trainees
learn skills and processes through providing instructions or
demonstrations (or both).
Mentoring each trainee is allocated to an established
member of staff who acts as a guide and helper.
Team training - co-ordinates the performance of individuals
who work together to achieve a common goal.
Job rotation this is where members of staff rotate roles or
tasks so that they gain experience of a full range of jobs.
Sitting next to Nellie this describes the process of
working alongside a colleague to observe and learn the skills
needed for a particular process.

On-the-job training boosts employee


morale: SURVEY (ARTICLE)
Says over 40% employers voted for increased productivity and 35%
for enhanced employee morale.
Helps in to reduce attrition.
Analyze and identify key development areas for training- skills,
technical and product learning - on regular basis.
New technological upgrades and business needs also taken into
consideration.
Its a very cost-effective way that helps employees gain knowledge
about the latest developments in their industry. And also leads to
promulgation of new ideas within an organization.
On-the-job training has been voted as the most preferred method of
training by 71% employees, with workshop and seminars preferred
by 15% of surveyed employees, followed by external trainers
(11%) and least preferred manual & journals (3%).
Helps in intelligent career decisions.
Continuous assessment and feedback is necessary training
programs can become more motivating, directional and profitable
for organizations.
Source: Economic Times, May 24, 2012, 07.00PM IST

OFFTHEJOB Training
When employees are taken away from their place of
work to be trained.
MERITS:
Skills and qualification can be obtained.
Learn from outside specialists or experts.
DEMERITS:
More expensive e.g. transport and accommodation.
Lost working time and potential output from
employee

CLASSROOM
LECTURES

SIMULATION

COMMITTEE
CONFERENCE

OUTDOOR

License to Lead: Hindustan


Unilever's incredible talent
grooming machinery (ARTICLE)

Im Working on it

Source: Economic Times, Apr 20, 2012, 12.53AM IST

CASE STUDY

Nestle has a diversified workforce with


different skill sets.
Nestl's apprenticeship program.
Local training programs for factory
workers- mostly ON the JOB oriented.
International program where they focus on
developing leadership skills.

Because of the comprehensive training


and development programs Nestle has
been able to:
Maintain consistent growth in profits.
Sustain high employee retention ratio.
And preserve values that Nestle follows.

THANK YOU