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PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE

(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)

Repeatable rating system identifying the


pavement condition
Numerical Index Ranging from 0 to 100
0 failed pavement
100 perfect condition

PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)

Calculated based on the results of a visual


condition survey
What is the matter that being surveyed???
Pavement distress
-Type
-Severity
-Quantity

HOW TO DETERMINE PCI


Road/Pavement Section

Dividing section into inspection units (sample units)

Number of sample unit to be inspected

Survey procedure

Calculating of PCI

Dividing sample units


Unsurfaced and asphalt surface roads
(including asphalt over concrete)
2500 1000 ft2
Asphalt surface airfield 5000 2000 ft
Concrete and airfields with joint spaced
25 ft - 20 8 slabs
Note: Not all samples units are required to be the same
size but must fit within guidelines
1 ft = 0.09 m2

Determining Sample Unit to be Surveyed


Depend on the use of the pavement and
project or network level
Project level High degree of sampling

n = number of sample that


must be surveyed

N = total number of sample


units

Systematic Random
1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

41

42

43

44

45

46

47

Total number of sample units in section (N) = 47


Minimum number of units to be surveyed = 13 (Obtain from the curve)
Interval (i) = N/n = 47/13 = 3.6 = 3
Random start (S) = 3

24

Network level low degree of sampling


To obtain meaningful rating with the least
cost
For maintenance work plans
Assessing the condition of pavement
Identifying candidate section that may
warrant detailed project-level inspection
Based on 2 tables

Table 1: Example of Network Level Sampling Criteria

No of sample Units
in Section (N)

No of units to be
inspected (n)

15

6 10

11 15

16 50

Over 40

10 % (round up to next
whole sample unit)

Table 2: Network level sampling


No of sample
Units in Section
(N)

No of units to be
inspected (n)

2-4

5 -20

Over 20

PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)

Overall step In Calculating PCI

PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)

PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)

PCI = 100 - 57 =43

PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)
Table 5.1 Standard Pavement Rating Based on PCI
Pavement Condition Index

Rating

100 to 85

Excellent

85 to 70

Very good

70 to 55

Good

55 to 40

Fair

40 to 25

Poor

25 to 10

Very poor

10 to 0

Failed

PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)

PAVEMENT MAINTENANCE
(PAVEMENT CONDITION INDEX)