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MiCOM Alstom P740 Numerical Busbar

Protection
Presentation

Feb 2, 2011

GRID

MiCOM Alstom P740


Numerical Busbar Protection
MiCOM Alstom P740 is:
Fast & Constant
Constant sub-cycle tripping time (13 ms
typical)
Flexible & Easy to use
Centralised or Distributed solution
Dynamic substation replica processing
Dynamic substation monitoring tool
PSL (Programmable Scheme Logic)
Selective
Phase segregated low impedance solution
Secure
Differential algorithms supervised by multiple
criteria (CT supervision, Biased Check Zone,
etc)
CT saturation detection (< 2ms)
Delayed tripping algorithm with CT saturation
Dead zone protection & 50 BF protection

P740 Presentation - P 2

MiCOM Alstom P740 Numerical Bus Relay


Features
CB Failure
Check
Protection

Zone

Dead
Zone
Protectio
n Overcurr
ent
Protectio
n
Continuous
monitoring

Busbar
Protectio
n

Commissioni
ng Tools
Measuremen
ts
Disturban
ce
Recorder

Function
Keys

Event &
Fault
records

P740 Presentation - P 3

Tricolour
LEDs

Programmab
le Scheme
Logic

CT & VT
Supervisi
on
CB &
Isolator
Supervision

MiCOM Alstom P740 Architecture


A MiCOM Alstom P740 scheme supports a maximum of:

up to 28 Peripheral Units,
up to 8 zones (with or without SDEF),
up to 28 feeders.

Architecture can be either distributed, centralised or mixed

Maximum configuration

P740 Presentation - P 4

MiCOM Alstom P740


Numerical Busbar Protection

Hardware
P740 Presentation - P 5

MiCOM Alstom P740


Architecture
The MiCOM Alstom P740 scheme is made of:
P741 - Central Unit (CU),
Gathers and processes the measurements from the
PUs with Ethernet board slot, hotkeys & function
keys and tricolour LEDs
(comprises all differential protection algorithms)

P742 - Peripheral Unit (PU),


Measures and trips with hotkeys
(CT saturation detection, local non-directional
overcurrent, local circuit breaker failure protection
and Dead Zone protection)

P743 - Peripheral Unit (PU),


same as P742 but with additional opto inputs, relay
output and Ethernet board slot, hotkeys & function
keys and tricolour LEDs

P740 Presentation - P 6

Numerical Busbar Protection P740


Central Unit Hardware - Size 19 inches 4U
8 Optically isolated logic inputs*
Plus 16 virtual inputs

8 Relay ouputs* (Plus 16 virtual outputs)

Optional Irig-B board (GPS Time Sync)

Up to 7 Communication boards
4 Peripheral Units per communication board

1 Main Processor board & 1 Coprocessor board

1p DSP-TMS320C-32 bits-150 Mhz & 1p DSP-TMS320C-16


bits-100 Mhz

LEDs (18 three-coloured programmable LEDs)

10 Programmable Function Keys & 2 Hotkeys


Drives 10 associated ddb signals in PSL

P741
Central Unit

Back lit liquid crystal display

Ethernet board slot (IEC 61850-8-1 protocol in 2006)

* Extended Opto inputs / outputs possible using a P742 or a P743

P740 Presentation - P 7

Numerical Busbar Protection P742


Peripheral Units Hardware - Size 8 inches - 4U

Logic inputs: 16 for P742 (24 for P743)


Universal Opto inputs - programmable battery voltages

Relay outputs: 8 for P742 (16 for P743)

Current inputs : 3 phase + 1 residual current inputs


Dual rated current inputs (1/5A)

Voltage Transformers: 80 - 140Vac ph-ph Soon used...

1 Main board - 1 p DSP-TMS320C-32 bits-150 Mhz

1 Coprocessor board - 1p DSP-TMS320C-16 bits-100 Mhz

2 Hotkeys

NO Ethernet board slot (NO IEC 61850-8-1 protocol)

12 LEDs (Red)

Back lit liquid crystal display

P742 & P743 Peripheral Units

P740 Presentation - P 8

Numerical Busbar Protection P743


Peripheral Units Hardware - Size 12 inches - 4U

Logic inputs: 24 for P743 (16 for P742)


Universal Opto inputs - programmable battery voltages

Relay outputs: 16 for P743 (8 for P742)

Current inputs : 3 ph + 1 residual current inputs


Dual rated current inputs (1/5A)

Voltage Transformers: 80 - 140Vac ph-ph Soon used...

1 Main board - 1 p DSP-TMS320C-32 bits-150 Mhz

1 Coprocessor board - 1p DSP-TMS320C-16 bits-100 Mhz

Ethernet board slot (IEC 61850-8-1 protocol in 2006)

22 LEDs (18 three-coloured programmable LEDs)

10 Programmable Function Keys & 2 Hotkeys


Drives 10 associated ddb signals in PSL

Back lit liquid crystal display

P742 & P743 Peripheral Units

P740 Presentation - P 9

MiCOM Alstom P740


Central Unit
Main Scheme Differential Elements
Check Zone Differential Element

P
7
4
1

Communication Master
Scheme Stability and Signal Processing
CT Supervision (Circuitry Fault)
Commissioning Facilities

P740 Presentation - P 10

MiCOM Alstom P740


Central Unit

Main Differential Elements


idiffph

A
B
C
N

idiffN

Phase segregation
+
Sensitive Differential
Earth Fault

ibiasph
ibiasN

SDEF sensitivity is
controlled by phase
elements

iD
iT

[ iinfeed + ioutfeed ]
Check Zone biased element

P740 Presentation - P 11

Vx< or Vo>
Optional Voltage criteria
Soon...

MiCOM Alstom P740 Central Unit

Stability and Signal Processing


iD
i

T
Biased characteristic against
differential errors due
to different CTs responses
in transient behaviour

(before saturation)
1
4

Sampling control by
saturation detectors
(in Peripheral Unit)

&

Multiple Confirmation
Tripping Criteria

t
Algorithm tripping decision
before CTs saturation
(Max 2 ms)

P740 Presentation - P 12

Circuitry fault detection

MiCOM Alstom P740 Central Unit: Trip Logic


CU Tripping Logic decisions (for Zone and Check Zone):

Instantaneous Algorithm:
If 2 consecutive samples verify tripping condition
(are above
(ID>2) and k x Ibias) AND no CT
Saturation detected
Delayed Algorithm*:
If all samples verify tripping condition (are all above
(ID>2) and k x IBias) during 5.8 ms AND at least one
sample does not verify it in the previous 3.3 ms AND at
least one sample verified it in the previous 4,2 ms (i.e. an
internal fault is detected if a differential current is
detected on 2 consecutive half-periods)

*: never affected by the CT saturation blocking information.


This logic is -used
P740 Presentation
P 13especially for evolving fault (external to

MiCOM Alstom P740 Central Unit

Facilities
Local and remote rear
communications
(Courier, IEC 103 via Kitz
2740 (and IEC 61850

Up to 4 separate
setting groups

soon...))

Central loading of the


topology and setting
software
(specific tool)

P740 Presentation - P 14

MiCOM Alstom P740


Numerical Busbar Protection

Peripheral Units
P740 Presentation - P 15

MiCOM Alstom P740 Peripheral Units

P
7
4
2
/
P
7
4
3

Facilities
Local Acquisition
Local signal processing (Amplitude and Angle values)

Continuous supervision

Saturation detection
Local Protections

P740 Presentation - P 16

MiCOM Alstom P740 Peripheral Unit


Facilitie
s

CU

PU

PU

PU

PU

Up to 4 setting groups

PU

Communication to CU
(optical fibre)
CT mixing features
&
&

Fault analysis
events, fault & disturbance
records

P740 Presentation - P 17

Programmable Scheme Logic


(PSL)

MiCOM Alstom P740


Peripheral Units

Local Acquisition

Current
acquisition
Digital
conversion
A
Sampling 2,400
Hz

Isolators
and CB status
acquisition
+ supervision

P740 Presentation - P 18

CT supervision
(3xIo - IN ) & ID>1 & I
N

Zero sequence
current calculation and
other thresholds (PU)

VT supervision

(Soon)

MiCOM Alstom P740


Peripheral Units

Instantaneous Signal Processing


I>2
i calculation
CT saturation
detection

= R idt + M
CT magnetic flux
calculation

P740 Presentation - P 19

IN > 2

High set O/C detection


=
Fast external fault
detection

Vx< or Vo>
Optional Voltage criteria
Soon...

Peripheral Unit
Local Protection

Local Protections
t

3 x 50 BF
T

O/C and E/F protections


(IDMT or Definite time)

Breaker failure element


(1/pole)
with local single pole re-trip

Dead Zone
Dead zone element
Phase & Neutral

P740 Presentation - P 20

MiCOM Alstom P740


Numerical Busbar Protection

Software
P740 Presentation - P 21

MiCOM Alstom P740


Features
Differential protection

Check zone element with bias characteristic


Circuitry fault criterion with slope : alarm when Idiff is
greater than ID>1 and greater than slope k1.Ibias
One set of parameters for check zone element and an
other one for all the zones (ID>2, k2, IDN>2, kN)
Single setting for IbiasPh> and circuitry fault
supervision (ID>1, IDN>1, and timers) for all zones
and check zone elements
Slopes start from 0 (Is = 0)

P740 Presentation - P 22

MiCOM Alstom P740


Excel Spreadsheet tool

P740 Presentation - P 23

MiCOM Alstom P740


Excel Spreadsheet tool

P740 Presentation - P 24

MiCOM Alstom P740


Trip Logic in CU
CU Tripping Logic decisions (for Zone and Check Zone):
Instantaneous Algorithm:
If 2 consecutive samples verify tripping condition (are
above
(ID>2) and k x Ibias) AND no CT Saturation
detected
Delayed Algorithm* (patented algorithm):
If all samples verify tripping condition (are all above (ID>2)
and k x IBias) during 5.8 ms AND at least one sample does not
verify it in the previous 3.3 ms AND at least one sample verified
it in the previous 4,2 ms (i.e. an internal fault is detected if a
differential current is detected on 2 consecutive half-periods (20
(60 Hz) or 24 (50 Hz) samples))

*: never affected by the CT saturation blocking information. This


logic is used especially for evolving fault (external to internal
bus fault)
P740 Presentation
- P 25

MiCOM Alstom P740


Features
Protection
Dead zone threshold independent of
differential element parameters and to
set separately in each PU
For Single and Phase to Phase Faults
with independent time delay

P740 Presentation - P 26

MiCOM Alstom P740


Rear communication

Rear Communication

P740 Presentation - P 27

P740
Rear communication Phase 1

P740 Presentation - P 28

P740
Rear communication

P740 Presentation - P 29

MiCOM Alstom P740


Numerical Busbar Protection

Options
P740 Presentation - P 30

P740
Busbar options

P740 Presentation - P 31

MiCOM Alstom P740 Features


Differential protection
Self-reset of circuitry fault blocking after a settable
delay under normal conditions (option) alarm and
blocking zone independently latchable:

Option to reset automatically or latch


independently the Circuitry Fault Alarm
Option to unblock automatically or block
definitively the faulty zone under circuitry fault
conditions

Independent setting for Check Zone and Zone


Differential Elements

Independent 87B Blocking Signal in case of


circuitry fault or CU-PU communication error or
failed PU
P740 Presentation - P 32

P740
Busbar options

P740 Presentation - P 33

P740
Busbar options
Check Zone Circuitry Fault Mode
Blocking Latched:

The CZ is blocked and latched until manual


reset (and no more circuitry fault) via front
panel, opto input, hot key or function key,
The CZ alarm is latched until manual reset (and
no more circuitry fault) via front panel, opto
input, hot key or function key.

Alarm Latched:

The CZ is blocked until automatic reset (when


no more circuitry fault) but
The CZ alarm is latched until manual reset (and
no more circuitry fault) via front panel, opto
input, hot key or function key.

P740 Presentation - P 34

P740
Busbar options
Check Zone Circuitry Fault Mode
Self-Reset:

The CZ is blocked until automatic reset (when no


more circuitry fault) and
The CZ alarm is reset automatically at the same
time.

Alarm & No Block:

The CZ is not blocked but


The alarm is latched until manual reset (and no
more circuitry fault) via front panel, opto input, hot
key or function key.

AlarmSR&No Block:

The CZ is not blocked and


The CZ alarm is reset automatically (when no more
circuitry fault)

P740 Presentation - P 35

P740
Busbar options

P740 Presentation - P 36

P740
Busbar options
Circuitry Fault Mode

Blocking Latched:
The Zone X is blocked and latched until manual reset (and no
more circuitry fault) via front panel, opto input, hot key or
function key,
The Zone X alarm is latched until manual reset (and no more
circuitry fault) via front panel, opto input, hot key or function key.

Alarm Latched:

The Zone X is blocked until automatic reset (when no more


circuitry fault) but
The Zone X alarm is latched until manual reset (and no more
circuitry fault) via front panel, opto input, hot key or function key.

Self-Reset:

The Zone X is blocked until automatic reset (when no more


circuitry fault) and
The Zone X alarm is reset automatically at the same time.

P740 Presentation - P 37

P740
Busbar options

P740 Presentation - P 38

P740
Busbar options
Circuitry Blocking Mode
3phase Blocking:
A circuitry fault on one phase blocks the three
phases

Blocking / phase:

A circuitry fault on one phase blocks only the


faulty phase
A internal fault on any of the two other phases
will be cleared.

P740 Presentation - P 39

P740
Busbar options

P740 Presentation - P 40

P740
Busbar options
Check Zone PU error Mode
Blocking Latched:
The CZ is blocked and latched until manual
reset via front panel, opto input, hot key or
function key,
The CZ alarm is latched until manual reset via
front panel, opto input, hot key or function key.

Alarm Latched:

The CZ is blocked until automatic reset (when


the PU communication reappears) but
The CZ alarm is latched until manual reset via
front panel, opto input, hot key or function key.

P740 Presentation - P 41

P740
Busbar options
Check Zone PU error Mode
Self-Reset:
The CZ is blocked until automatic reset (when the
PU communication reappears) and
The CZ alarm is reset automatically at the same
time.

Alarm & No Block:

The CZ is not blocked but


The alarm is latched until manual reset via front
panel, opto input, hot key or function key.

AlarmSR&No Block:

The CZ is not blocked and


The CZ alarm is reset automatically (when the PU
communication reappears)

P740 Presentation - P 42

P740
Busbar options

P740 Presentation - P 43

P740
Busbar options
PU error Mode

Blocking Latched:
The Zone X is blocked and latched until manual reset via
front panel, opto input, hot key or function key,
The Zone X alarm is latched until manual reset via front
panel, opto input, hot key or function key.

Alarm Latched:

The Zone X is blocked until automatic reset (when the PU


communication reappears) but
The Zone X alarm is latched until manual reset via front
panel, opto input, hot key or function key.

Self-Reset:

The Zone X is blocked until automatic reset (when the PU


communication reappears) and
The Zone X alarm is reset automatically at the same
time.

P740 Presentation - P 44

Virtual I/O
P740 Presentation - P 45

Virtual Inputs/Outputs
P74x
Feeder

P741

Any
P74x

Scheme
Peripheral Units

Fixed information exchanged between the CU & the PUs:


(Busbar Zone 1 8 ON/OFF, Busbar Trip 1 8 )
CU & PU - Virtual Inputs / Outputs

16 Virtual Outputs can be used to send information from a PU to the CU


PU->CU Virtual Signal Nn in the CU is a logical OR of the PU->CU Virtual Signals Nn in the PUs
16 Virtual Outputs can be used to send information from the CU to the PUs
CU->PU Virtual Signal Nn in the PU is the CU->PU Virtual Signal Nn in the CU

P740 Presentation - P 46

Disturbance
Records
P740 Presentation - P 47

MiCOM Alstom P740 Numerical Bus Relay


Feature Enhancement
Disturbance Recorder: Default Setting in CU

P740 Presentation - P 48

MiCOM Alstom P740 Numerical Bus Relay


Feature Enhancement
Disturbance Recorder: Default Setting in PU

P740 Presentation - P 49

MiCOM Alstom P740


Numerical Busbar Protection

Maintenance
P740 Presentation - P 50

Maintenance Modes
Central Unit
2 Levels of maintenance in the CU:
87BB trip blocked but 50BF (back trip) enable
(level 1)
87BB and 50BF trip blocked (level 2)

Its a per zone selection


Selectable via front panel, hotkey, function key
and opto-coupler
Additional maintenance features selectable via
hotkey, function key or opto-coupler:
All the protections (87BB, Dead Zone, General
50BF, Local 50BF, O/C) disabled
87BB disable but 50BF (back trip) enable for all
zones

P740 Presentation - P 51

Maintenance Modes
Peripheral Units

2 distinct maintenance levels in the PU:


Local 50BF Trip Blocked (maintenance on an
other bay protection)
Overhaul (maintenance on the PU)

Selectable via front panel, hotkey, function key


and opto-coupler

P740 Presentation - P 52

MiCOM Alstom P740


Numerical Busbar Protection

Tools

P740 Presentation - P 53

Monitoring
Dynamic Synoptic from CU

P740 Presentation - P 54

Monitoring
Dynamic Synoptic from PU

P740 Presentation - P 55

MiCOM Alstom P740


Numerical Busbar Protection

Conclusion

P740 Presentation - P 56

MiCOM Alstom P740


Why ?
This product in the MiCOM range offers:

a complete communicating MiCOM solution

Courier, IEC 103 and IEC 61850-8-1 (end of 2006)

Dynamic topology
Fast CT saturation detection

a new technology

a greater reliability

Constant tripping time independent of type of fault and


number of feeders with or without Voltage criteria
Plant monitoring (CT, VT, CB & Isolator status)
MiCOM Dynamic Synoptic

a more competitive solution with the reduction


of associated costs
(engineering and hardwiring)

P740 Presentation - P 57

www.alstom.com/grid

GRID