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SENGKETA PELANGGARAN DIPLOMATIK

TERHADAP TINDAKAN SPIONASE OLEH


DIPLOMAT AMERIKA SERIKAT DI NEGARA
VENEZUELA

Sarah Farida Ainun (135120407121004)


Yoska Rini Dhara Anindhita (135120407121029)

Pada tahun 2006, terdapat sebuah


kasus atase Angkatan Laut Kedutaan
Besar Amerika Serikat di Venezuela
yang dituduh melakukan praktik matamata atau spionase di Venezuela
dengan berkedok misi diplomatik

TOP
N
O
I
P
SECRET
S
E
!
!
E
O
F
IN RMA
!A G
TION!!

Tindakan
mata-mata
atau
spionase yang merupakan istilah
dalam internasional yang merujuk
pada
tindakan-tindakan
untuk
memperoleh data atau hal-hal
yang bersifat rahasia tanpa izin
dari
pemilik
yang
sah
dari
informasi tersebut.
Bagaimana
Kasus
Spionase
yang
merupakan pelanggaran diplomatik yang
dilakukan oleh perwakilan diplomatik
Amerika Serikat di negara Venezuela
menurut Konvensi Wina tahun 1961 ?

Permasalahan
Overview

2006
AS

Persona
non- Grata

VENEZUEL
A

Atase AL

John Correa

Respon

SPIONAS
E
Jenny Figueredo
Frias

Wakil Menlu
Mari Pili Hernandez

Konvensi Wina 1961

Tugas dan Fungsi perwakilan diplomatik dan konsuler

Pasal 3 Konvensi Wina yang menjelaskan bahwa :


The functions of a diplomatic mission consist, inter alia, in :
(a) representing the sending State in the receiving State;
(b) protecting in the receiving State the interests of the
sending State and of its nationals, within the limits permitted
by international law;
(d) ascertaining
by all
lawful means
conditions
and
(c) negotiating
with the
Government
of the
receiving
State;
developments
in the receiving
State,
andconditions
reporting there
(d) ascertaining
by all lawful
means
and on
to the
Government
the sending
State; there on to
developments
in the
receiving of
State,
and reporting
the Government of the sending State;
(e) promoting friendly relations between the sending State and
the receiving State, and
developing their economic, cultural and scientific relations.

Konvensi Wina 1961


Persona non-Grata Pasal 9 Ayat (1)

The receiving State may at any time and


without having to explain its decision, notify
the sending State that the head of the mission
or any member of the diplomatic staff of the
mission is persona non grata or that any other
member of the staff of the mission is not
acceptable. In any such case, the sending
State shall, as appropriate, either recall the
person concerned or terminate his functions
with the mission. A person may be declared
non grata or not acceptable before arriving in
the territory of the receiving State.

Konvensi Wina 1961


Diluar Mekanisme Persona non-Grata
Optional Protocol Concerning Compulsory Settlement
of Disputes of Viena Convention on Diplomatic Relation
18 April 1961

Setiap pihak yang berselisih dapat mengajukan


permohonan untuk penyelesaian sengketa ke
International Court of Justice (ICJ), tetapi sebelum
mengajukan ke ICJ pihak bersengketa dapat
melakukan penyelesaian dengan cara arbitrase
dan konsoliasi seperti yang diatur pada :

Konvensi Wina 1961

Optional Protocol

Pasal 2 :
The parties may agree, within a period of two months after
one party has notified its opinion to the other that a dispute
exists, to resort not to the International Court of Justice but
to an arbitral tribunal. After the expiry of the said period,
either party may bring the dispute before the Court by an
Pasal 13 Ayat (1) :
application.
The conciliation commission shall make its
recommendations within five months after its appointment.
If its recommendations are not accepted by the parties to
the dispute within two months after they have been
delivered, either party may bring the dispute before the
Court by an application.

THANKYOU
It is only the enlightened ruler and the wise general who will
use the highest intelligence of the army for the purposes of
spying, and thereby they achieve great results