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WELCOME

TO

SREENARAYANA
COLLEGE OF

NON- PROJECTED AIDS

PRESENTED BY
ARCHANA C M
MATHEMATICS
PEDAGOGY

DIFFERENT TYPES OF
NON-PROJECTED AIDS
Graphic Aids
Display Boards
3-D Aids
Audio Aids

GRAPHIC AIDS
Graphs:
Graphs coulds be interpreted and inferences drawn easily.
Line graph,bar graph, pie graph, etc are different types of
graphs, each suited to represent specific types of data.

Diagrams:
Diagrams could be used to easily explain many facts at
the same time by using a variety of symbols and labels.

Posters:
Posters are bold and attractive representations of an idea
or concept and are usually given in colour.

Maps:
A map is an accurate representation of the
boundaries and other details of continents, countries etc
on a plane surface, in the form of a diagram drawn to
scale.

Cartoons:
A cartoon is a metaphorical , humorous and
exaggerated caricature of a person or a situation, in
the form of a picture or a sketch.

Comics:
A comic strip is aform of cartoon depicting a story
in sequence.

Flash cards:
Flash card is an aid liberally used in language
lessions, especially in the lower classes.

Pictures and photographs:

Pictures and photographs play a significant


role in making ideas clear and comprehensive.
Charts:

A chart may be defined as a combination of


graphic and pictorical media designed for the
orderly and logical visualising of relationship
between key facts and ideas.

DISPLAY BOARDS
Blackboard:
Blackboard is the most basic, widely used and versatile
tool for display.

B Be kind and use me


L Layout the PLAN in advance
A Arrangement of Blackboard-Check LAG
( L-Light

A-Angle

G-Glare )

Check CERCA
C
Chalk of all colours
E
Eraser
R
Ruler
C
Cane ( pointer)
A
Any other ( templates, etc)

Keep it clean

B
O
A

Be judicious
Order - SOS ( stand on side)
Attraction by CUP

( C - Colour U Underline P Pointer )

Writing with a BRUSH

( B Bright R Readable
U Uniform
S Straight
H Horizontal )

Drawing with a PEN

( P Purposeful

E Easy

N Neat )

Roll-up Chalkboard:
Roll-up chalkboard is that which can be conveniently rolled
up.

Pegboard:
Pegboard can be used for compiling flat and even three
dimensional materials the latter being supported by specially
made hooks and clips.

Hook and loop board


Flannel board
Magnetic board
Plastigraph board
Bulletin board
Marker board

THREE DIMENSIONAL AIDS


Models:
Models are concrete representations of objects, their size
being adjusted to make it handly and conveniently
observable.

Objects:
Objects may be defined as the real things collected from
their natural setting. Eg. rock,coins ,stamps,etc

Specimen:
A specimen may be defined as a typical object or a part
of an object , which hasbeen removed for convenient
observation.

Mock-ups:
A moke-up is an operating model usually of a process
designed to be worked out directly by the learner for
specific training or analysis.

Diorama:
A diorama is a three dimensional scene in depth,
incorporating a group of modelled objects and figures in
a natural setting.

Puppets:
Puppets are used to entertain and to pass on
knowledge.

AUDIO AIDS
Radio:
Radio
plays a
through
specific

is a powerful medium for mass communication.It also


major role in imparting instruction to school children
educational broadcast provided on specific days at
school hours.

Tape Recorder:
A tape recorder is used to record sound on magnetic tape
which can be reproduced at will as many times as required.It
is a very effective aid for classroom instruction.

THANKYOU