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CE-308

REINFORCED CONCRETE DESIGN


SPRING 2013

ENGR. YASIR IRFAN BADRASHI


ASSISTANT PROFESSOR
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING,
UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY,
CAMPUS-III, BANNU.

FLEXURAL BEHAVIOR OF RC
MEMBERS
STAGE 1- UNCRACKED SECTION (ELASTIC
RANGE)

FLEXURAL BEHAVIOR OF RC
MEMBERS
STAGE 1- UNCRACKED SECTION (ELASTIC
RANGE)

FLEXURAL BEHAVIOR OF RC
MEMBERS
STAGE 2- CRACKED SECTION (ELASTIC
RANGE)

FLEXURAL BEHAVIOR OF RC
MEMBERS

STAGE 3- CRACKED SECTION (INELASTIC


RANGE)

FLEXURAL BEHAVIOR OF RC
MEMBERS

STAGE 3- CRACKED SECTION (INELASTIC


RANGE)

FLEXURAL BEHAVIOR OF RC
MEMBERS

ACI 318-02 PROVISIONS FOR DUCTILITY

10.3.3 Sections are compression-controlled if the net tensile strain in


the extreme tension steel, t, is equal to or less than the compressioncontrolled strain limit when the concrete in compression reaches
its assumed strain limit of 0.003. The compression-controlled strain
limit is the net tensile strain in the reinforcement at balanced strain
conditions. For Grade 60 reinforcement, and for all pre-stressed
reinforcement, it shall be permitted to set the compression-controlled
strain limit equal to 0.002.

FLEXURAL BEHAVIOR OF RC
MEMBERS

ACI 318-02 PROVISIONS FOR DUCTILITY

10.3.4 Sections are tension-controlled if the net tensile strain in the


extreme tension steel, t, is equal to or greater than 0.005 when the
concrete in compression reaches its assumed strain limit of 0.003.
Sections with t between the compression-controlled strain limit and
0.005 constitute a transition region between compression-controlled and
tension-controlled sections.

FLEXURAL BEHAVIOR OF RC
MEMBERS

ACI 318-02 PROVISIONS FOR DUCTILITY

Visit to code

10.3.5 For nonprestressed flexural members and nonprestressed


members with factored axial compressive load less than 0.10fcAg, t
at nominal strength shall not be less than 0.004.
Comment: Generally beams fall in this category. However this statement
is general and hence columns with axial load less than 0.10 fc Ag also fall
in this category . For such members, it is convenient to take = 0.9 and
t = 0.005

FLEXURAL BEHAVIOR OF RC
MEMBERS

BEHAVIOR OF SINGLY REINFORCED


BEAMS

Comment on 1
10.2.7.3 For fc between 2500 and 4000 psi, 1 shall be taken as
0.85. For fc above 4000 psi, 1 shall be reduced linearly at a rate of
0.05 for each 1000 psi of strength in excess of 4000 psi, but 1 shall not
be taken less than 0.65

FLEXURAL BEHAVIOR OF RC
MEMBERS

BEHAVIOR OF SINGLY REINFORCED


BEAMS
Minimum Reinforcement

According to ACI 10.5.1, at every section of a flexural member where


tensile reinforcement is required by analysis, the area As provided shall
not be less than that given by min.bw.d where, min is equal to 3 (fc)/fy
and not less than 200/fy.