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EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS

This presentation is brought to you by :

Kiki Risky Midia


2. Mardian
3. Pusta Aryani
4. Wahyu Sisilia
Deviana
1.

DEFINITION
An explosive material, also called an
explosive, is a substance that contains a
great amount of stored energy that can
produce
an
explosion,
a
sudden
expansion of the material after initiation,
usually accompanied by the production
of light, heat, sound, and pressure. An
explosive charge is a measured
quantity of explosive material.

THE CLASS OF EXPLOTION MATERIALS

The first is known explosive chemicals that are


designed and produced for use as an explosive (e.g.,
TNT, explosive bolts, bullets, blasting caps, and
fireworks).
The other class is potentially explosive chemicals
(PECs). PECs are materials that may oxidize,
decompose, polymerize, become contaminated, dry
out or destabilize and subsequently become
explosive when subjected to heat, light, friction or
mechanical shock.

THE CATHEGORIZED OF EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS

By the speed of expand

By their sensitivities

THE CATHEGORIZED OF EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS BY THE


SPEED OF EXPAND

high explosives

low explosives

THE CATHEGORIZED OF EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS BY ITS SENSITIVITY

Primary explosives
Secondary or tertiarity explosives

PROPERTIES OF EXPLOSIVES MATERIAL

Sensitivity
Sensitivity to initiation
Velocity of detonation
Stability
Power, performance,
and strength

Brisance
Density
Volatility
Hygroscopicity and
water resistance
Toxicity, etc

COMMERCIAL APPLICATION

Mining
Materials Science and Engineering
Military

HOW TO STORE EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS

Identify all explosive and potentially explosive


chemicals in your inventory.

Never store unlabeled chemicals.

Record the opening date and the date that the


chemical should be discarded on the label

HOW TO STORE EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS (CONT)


Keep explosive chemicals away from all ignition sources such
as open flames, hot surfaces, spark sources, and direct
sunlight.

Consider designating a special area for explosive chemical


use.

Store explosive chemicals in an explosive magazine or


approved flammable safety cabinet and inspect areas weekly
to comply with the Fire Code.

HOW TO STORE EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS (CONT)


Periodically check containers of chemicals that could become
over-pressurized, like highly concentrated formic acid. Note:
DO NOT release the pressure.
Make sure everyone who uses chemicals that are explosive or
could become potentially explosive read the Material Safety
Data Sheet (MSDS) and are thoroughly trained in safe storage
methods, conditions to avoid (e.g., contamination), the
hazards of the chemical, and disposal procedures.

PROPER LABORATORY APPAREL


Proper choice of clothing and apparel helps minimize
chemical exposure.

Wear a lab coat when working with chemicals.

Wear shoes that fully cover the feet to protect


against spills. Do not wear open toed shoes or
sandals.

PROPER LABORATORY APPAREL (CONT.)

Confine long hair and loose clothing. Wear clothing


which does not leave large areas of skin exposed
(shorts, skirts, short sleeved shirts).

Do not wear loose jewellery, as it may become


ensnared on equipment. Rings that can damage
protective gloves or make wearing / removing gloves
difficult should also be removed prior to working in the
lab.

HANDLING EXPLOSIVE MATERIAL

Store equipment not in active use in a designated


area, away from the work area.

Clean equipment and glassware as soon as possible.

Return chemicals to storage after use.

HANDLING EXPLOSIVE MATERIAL (CONT.)

Clean up all spills immediately.

Do not block access to emergency equipment and utility


controls.

Do not store boxes, excess equipment and personal


belongings in the lab.

HANDLING EXPLOSIVE MATERIAL (CONT.)

Clean work surfaces regularly to prevent accumulation of


dust and spilled chemicals.

Keep all exits, aisles and walkways in the lab clean and
unobstructed to allow safe throughout the lab.

Do not allow electrical cords or tubing for gas or water


flow to trail across aisles or out of fume hoods. Also, do
not hang cords and gas tubing from the ceiling.

Thank You!